ARTHUR ROBERT’S BLACK BOOK.

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Stanley
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ARTHUR ROBERT’S BLACK BOOK.

Post by Stanley » 23 Apr 2012, 07:00

ARTHUR ROBERT’S BLACK BOOK.

[Many years ago I was allowed to copy a copy of this book. It is a list of engines visited by A S Roberts who at that time lived at 15 Pasture Crescent, Chapel Allerton, Leeds 7. I would estimate the date of the notes as being 1960s. As I go through the entries I get clues as to his companions. It would appear that they included Arnold Throp, George Watkins and Edgar Brook. Arnold will be familiar to anyone who has seen his fine miniature engines or read the Model Engineer, George needs no introduction.]

WARNING! No list like this can be accurate or complete. It was never meant for publication and was Arthur’s best shot. There are some obvious mistakes but much of the information is accurate/informative and adds to the sum of our knowledge. When I came to the engines of which I have personal knowledge I found that there were quite serious mistakes but at least he had identified the fact that an engine was there. If you see an entry that intrigues you check it out by using another source. The main value of the list is that it gives us an idea of just how many engines there were in the hey day of the industry. We aren’t even sure that he visited all the engines he describes but some definitely have the ring of truth and every now and again he pops a bit of information out that could only have come from a well-informed source at the mill, particularly about engines moved or long gone. So, be wary, don’t take what is recorded as the absolute truth but enjoy it, it’s quite evident that Arthur and his mates did! [Where I have found mistakes which I am sure of I have inserted comments in italics using trusted sources such as Watkins, Shackleton and the various trade directories.] One more thing, Arthur often mentions a name at the head of his description. At first I took these to be the engineers, and identified some as such from personal knowledge but I think some are the mill manager. Best to regard them all as his contact at the mill. Where I have additional knowledge I have added it as a note in italics. Watkins refers to George Watkins, Shackleton refers to Geoff Shackleton and if no name is given it is personal knowledge (which can also be flawed!)

Where I have added information on firms, mills and locations this has been gleaned from Worrall 1941 in most cases. In some where Worrall had no answers, the Manchester Royal Exchange directories for 1912, 1954 and 1965 have been used.

ABB begins with some explanation of the terms used:
STEAM ENGINES
Flywheel between cranks on cross compound engines unless otherwise stated.
All engines are horizontal unless otherwise stated.
Condenser behind cylinder means that the air pump is in line with and driven by extension of the piston rod.
Unless otherwise stated, the guides are small slipper type on gudgeon pin, one on each side of the crosshead.
Air pump driven from the tail rod means that the condenser is underneath the floor and driven by a bell crank lever.
Air pump driven from crosshead means same as above but the lever is driven from the crosshead by links in the same manner.
In most cases, when Arthur refers to ‘piston valves’ he means cylindrical slide valves, not modern high pressure piston valves.
THE LIST.
[In the original the engines are listed in the order that they were visited. This makes the list very difficult to consult but could be searched if used as a file in Msoft Word. I shall list them in alphabetical order and ignore locations as I am not sure about many of them.]

MARSHALL FLAX MILL.
(Built by Ignatius Bonomi, 1839)
240hp double beam engine by Benjamin Hick; 1840. Two 54” diam cylinders X 5ft stroke. 15psi; 19rpm. 26ft diam flywheel gear drive. Double ended slide valves driven from underneath. Airpump and feed pump driven by rods from the beams. A model of the engine exists in South Kensington Museum. Replaced a James Watt engine

S MUSGRAVE, WORTLEY.
200HP TANDEM COMPOUND ENGINE BY Newton, Bean and Mitchell; 1908. 12” HP, 22” LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 95rpm. 14ft flywheel, 6 ropes. LP slide valve. HP Corliss valves. Separate condenser in other room.

RICHARD BUCKTON, HUNSLETT.
Engineer Mr E Mather. Installed 1924. 250hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell; 1890. 13”HP, 22”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 80psi, 82rpm. 15ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Corliss HP, slide valve LP. Airpump drive from crosshead. Light return crank drives short shaft with two eccentrics for outside drive HP valves. Came from T Helm’s at Raistrick. R Hd.

MANOR ROAD MILL HOLBECK
Marsden Brothers, Dyers. 180hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1900. 12”HP, 23”LP X 3ft stroke. 95psi, 84rpm. 12ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Both cylinders are Corliss valves. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

JOSHUAH WILSON, LEEDS.
(Benjamin Gott) Engine named ‘Beckett’. Engineer Mr H Sullivan. 450hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1891. 17 ½ “HP, 30” LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 62rpm. 20ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valve to HP cylinder, double port slide valves to LP. Air pump driven from crosshead. Engines in separate rooms.

Also auxiliary to weaving shed; 50hp single cylinder horizontal engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, date ?. 10” diam cylinder X 24” stroke. 120psi, 120rpm. 7ft flywheel. Plain 10” belt drive by 4ft diameter pulley. Non-condensing. Disk crank and Pickering governor.

[beneath this entry is ‘Wood and Baldwin 1881. Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1885.]

BEAN INGS MILL, 1792, LEEDS.
Joshua Wilson. Engine named ‘Gladstone’. Engineer Mr W Roberts. 450hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1889. 17 ½”HP, 30”LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 4 ball Proell governor, 62rpm. 20ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders, all valves at bottom of cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead. Engines are opposite hand.

Also electric lighting set. 200hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1897. 10”HP, 26”LP X 18” stroke. 120psi, 200rpm. 7ft flywheel Ropes. 6” diameter piston valves. Proell governor controls a cut-off valve inside HP piston valve. Non-condensing. Drives 115V Dickenson dynamo for lighting only.

CASTLETON MILL. ARMLEY
Thomas Leuty. Engineer Mr W Shields. 38hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1921. 14”HP, 24”LP X 36” stroke. 160psi, 100rpm. 13 ¾ ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Corliss valves both cylinders. Trunk guides. Three eccentrics. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

HARGREAVES AND NUSSEY, WORTLEY
150HP single beam engine. 28” diam cylinder X 5ft 6” stroke. 65psi, 50rpm. 19ft flywheel, gear drive. Slide valve. Air pump and feed pump driven by rods from the beam. Gear driven Watt governor. 10ft spur gear driving 4ft outside engine room.

ILLINGWORTH AND INGHAM, LEEDS
Engineer Mr Metcalfe. 250hp tandem compound engine by G Blamires, Cleckheaton, 1868. 13”HP, 22”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 70rpm. 12ft diameter flywheel 10” belt. Slide valves. HP has expansion valve. Small governor at side driven by cshaft. Non-condensing, exhausts to river.

BRADLEYS, TONG ROAD, LEEDS.
140hp single cylinder engine. 19” diameter cylinder X 3ft 6” stroke. 70psi, 56rpm. 14ft flywheel, gear drive. Slide valve. Air pump driven from eccentric. [illegible line]

F A LODGE, ARMLEY
In 1928 Engineer Mr Ernest Leek. (note at bottom says ‘came from Mk Days 1903-1928. From date of 1903 attributed to the engine I suspect 1928 refers to installation of second-hand engine.)
350hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1903. 85psi, 65rpm. 16ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. 15/16”HP, 30/28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. (Arthur appears to have been unsure of the measurements) Air pump driven from the crosshead.

J HARDCASTLE, LEEDS
Engine not new here but unknown where it came from. Engineer Mr D Johnson. 250hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell c.1890. 12”HP, 22”LP X 3ft stroke. 1912 (date of installation?) 100psi, 74rpm. 11ft 6” flywheel (enclosed with gear drive). Corliss HP cylinder (rear), Slide valve LP with its eccentric on return crank driven by short shaft, valve at outside. Eccentric on crank shaft for Corliss valves. Air pump drive from the crosshead. Gear drive, 8ft gear on to 6ft. C H Milnes put this in. (engine?).

.LOCKWOOD. LEEDS
Engineer Mr G Thirkell. 90hp tandem compound engine by Manlove, Alliott of Nottingham, 1890. 10”HP, 17”LP X 30” stroke. 95psi, 75rpm. 10ft fly wheel, 3 ropes. Slide valves, expansion valve on HP. Non-condensing. Disc crank. Exhausts to atmosphere.

J LUPTON, LEEDS.
Now Leeds United Hospitals laundry.
.Engineer Mr J Stewart. 350hp tandem compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1896. 15”HP, 24”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 86 1/2rpm. 16ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Trunk guides. Runs wrong way. Spring fork trip gear. Now drives a 150KVA alternator by C and Batley[sic] 8ft pulley – 7 ropes to countershaft. All electric laundry, two new large package boilers in 1961/62.

RUDKIN’S MILL, WORTLEY
WOOD AND MORRIS. Mr G Sowry engineer. 150hp single beam engine. 26” diameter cylinder X 5ft stroke. 60psi, 56rpm, Watt governor. 16ft flywheel. Plain slide valve, long and double ended, driven from underneath. New steel connecting rod in 1900. Condenser underneath engine driven by rod from beam. No name or date known.
LATER.
200hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1920. 12”HP, 22”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 95rpm. 15ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. New 9ft X 30ft boiler in 1912.

ANDREW MELLISH, WORTLEY
(Late Thomas Pawson) Engineer, Mr G Gill. 250hp single beam engine. 30”diameter cylinder X 6ft stroke. Watt Governor. 65psi, 25rpm. 18ft flywheel, enclosed. Slide valve is long and double ended driven from underneath. Beam bearing on CI girders supported by ornate CI columns. Condenser underneath . Air pump and feed pump driven from beam. No name or date known, probably 1860.

ALSO
150hp single cylinder engine 1860(?). 20” diameter cylinder X 5ft 6” stroke. 65psi, 48rpm. 18 ft flywheel. Plain slide valve on top of cylinder. Air pump driven from eccentric. Three boilers, two in use.

J RATCLIFFE, WORTLEY
Iron Foundry. Engineer Mr W Shepherd. 40hp single cylinder overhead crank engine by J Ratcliffe, 1892. 14” diameter cylinder X 24” stroke. 85psi, 90rpm. 9ft heavy flywheel, plain, 6ft pulley 12” belt on to 6ft pulley. Slide valve. Pickering governor. Disc crank. Main bearing at top of an ‘A’ frame. Curved casting with end bolted to the wall supports top of ‘A’ frame. Rear bearing in wall box. Non-condensing engine.

RAWLINGS. LEEDS.
Varnish Works, Burley Road. ?hp inverted single cylinder engine by Marshall, 1914, installed here in 1930. 8” diameter cylinder X 12” stroke. Piston valve, 90rpm. 4ft flywheel. Belt drive. Non-condensing.

ELMFIELD MILL. BRAMLEY
Engineer Mr Joe Wade. 250hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1890. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 10ft flywheel, 12” belt (and also ropes). Air pump drive from tail rod of LP cylinder through bell crank. Valve drives for Corliss valves at outside of engine on crank side. Four eccentrics on a short cross-shaft under and between cylinders driven by sloping shaft from enclosed crankshaft. Engine was rebuilt like this with a new cylinder by Marsden in 1907.

GLOBE MILL. LEEDS
Water Lane, Holbeck. 60hp single cylinder engine by ?. 18” cylinder X 3ft stroke. 65psi, 67rpm. Slide valve. 13ft plain flywheel with 6ft belt pulley. Non condensing.

DEAN STREET MILL. KIRKSTALL ROAD. LEEDS
J Clarke. 90hp single cylinder engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1928. 15” cylinder X 24” stroke. 80psi, 100rpm. 12ft diameter enclosed narrow heavy flywheel. 4(?) ft pulley, 6 ropes. Corliss valves. Trunk guides. Non condensing engine.

HODGSONS. BRAMLEY
Mr J Jackson and Mr Bentley (1963). 400hp tandem compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1914. 15”HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 94rpm. Right hand. 14ft flywheel, 12 ropes, drop valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

D WHITAKER, TONG ROAD, LEEDS
Engineer Mr T Farrar. 60hp single cylinder beam engine by ?. 85psi, note speed, 90rpm. 18” diameter cylinder X 3ft stroke. 12ft flywheel, 7ft belt pulley. Air pump driven from beam. Slide valve. Speed was originally 56rpm.

BOYES AND HALLAWELL, HOUCH END. BRAMLEY.
350hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1908. 14”HP, 29”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 86rpm. 12Ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

J7H ROBINSON. HOLBECK. LEEDS
Mill Green. Arthur Clayton, engineer.

S GIBSON. BRAMLEY
Engineer Mr D Gripwell. 250hp tandem compound engine by Marsdens, 1908. 13”HP, 30”LP X 48”stroke. 150psi, 90rpm. 16ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

This engine taken out about 1920 and replaced by another (below) Rained day and night.

300hp tandem compound engine by Marsden’s. 1920?. 15”HP, 29”LP X 3 ft stroke. 150psi, 96rpm. 15ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

[Here there is a note, A Throp and E Brook [Edgar], Leeds-Burnley March 25, 1965. I don’t know what this refers to but could possibly be friends and co-researchers of Arthur. An Arnold Throp was a very well known maker of miniature steam engines and wrote in the Model Engineer up to the late 1980s. It’s an unusual name and I think this may be the man.]

W M RENNIE, STANNINGLEY
Engineer Mr Herbert Airey. 750hp cross compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 18??. 23”HP, 43”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 60rpm. 18ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Corliss valves. Tail rod slippers on both cylinders. Air pump driven from HP tail rod. New LP cylinder by Newton, Bean and Mitchell in 1912. Buss(?) governor by Schaeffer and Budenberg.

ALSO
500 hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, here 1900. 15 1/2“ HP, 28”lp X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 72rpm (was 83)rpm. 15ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves. Airpump driven from LP tailrod by bell crank. Edward’s air pump. (Came from W and J Whitehead?.)

I GAUNT. GRANGEFIELD MILL, STANNINGLEY
Engineer Mr Hudson. 1000hp cross compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1906. 23”HP, 46” LP X 4ft 6” stroke. HP L H side. 160psi, 72rpm. 20ft flywheel, 26 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Large ‘I’ girders at each side of rope drive diagonally from engine bearings to shaft bearings. Proell governor. Tailrod HP guide.

At WESTFIELD MILL (same firm?)
850hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 190?. 20”HP, 38”LP X 5ft stroke. 140psi, 69rpm. “0 ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves. Airpump driven from…….[text ends]

H LISTER. PUDSEY
Mr Flanagan and Mr Raistrick. Two 250hp inverted vertical engines by reader of Nottingham, 195?. ?HP, ?LP X ?stroke. 200psi, 500rpm. Piston valves. Coupled directly to 200KVA Brush 3 phase, 440V alternators. Enclosed governors. Exhaust at 12lbs to pipe line into mill for process. This steam demand controls the engine power used. YEB mains supply used in conjunction, the mill either taking power or feeding back into the mains. A very modern plant with two new large package boilers.

PRIESTLEY. STANNINGLEY
Engineer Mr J Jackson. 500hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1898. (installed here in 1910) 18”HP, 35”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 85rpm. 15ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Bought from Halifax Electricity company and originally had a flywheel generator. Rotor altered to rope flywheel.

SAM CORDINGLEY. PUDSEY
PRIESTLEY MILL.
350hp single beam compound engine by Schofield and Taylor. 21”HP, 26”LP at 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. 125psi, 48rpm. 15ft flywheel, plain. Corliss HP valves, slide valve on LP. Airpump driven from the beam. Gear drive outside the engine room. Mc Naughted in 1919 and taken out in 1950.

KELLET BROWN, CALVERLEY
Engine named ‘Minerva’. Engineer Mr Mortimer.
400hp tandem compound engine by Marsden 1888. 14”HP, 24”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 62rpm. 22ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Airpump driven by lever from LP tail rod. Support guides. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

LISTER BROTHERS. HORSFORTH
Engineer Mr E Flather. 450hp cross compound engine by Newton Bean and Mitchell, 1904. 16”HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 85psi, 85 rpm. 15ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Airpump driven from LP crosshead. Corliss valves on both cylinders.
[note on page: J W Best. Heather Mill, Horsforth.]

J WALTON. CALVERLEY
Engineer, Mr Joe Beach. 500hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1921. 17”HP, 32”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 84rpm. 20 ft Flywheel, 9 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Whitehead governor. Corliss Valves on both cylinders.

W TOWLER. FARSLEY
Engineer Mr Richard Roach.
260hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1921. 16”HP, 28”LP X 30(?)” stroke. 140psi, 103rpm. 12ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Enclosed governor. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

MATTHEW WALKER. PUDSEY
UNION MILL
Engineer Sugden Roberts. 250hp single beam engine by Schofield and Taylor, 1885. 28” diameter cylinder X 6ft stroke. 65psi (later 100psi), 33rpm. 18ft plain flywheel, gear drive bevels. Slide valve. Airpump drive from beam. McNaughted Corliss HP1902. New boiler.

VALLEY ROAD. PUDSEY
TROYDALE.
Engineer Mr Samuel Kenworthy. 80hp single cylinder engine by ?, 1878. 16” diameter cylinder X 3ft stroke. 65psi, 66rpm. 14ft flywheel. Air pump driven by eccentric. Slide valve. Gear drive outside engine room.

LUPTON. CLIFFE MILL.
250HP single beam engine by ?, 1852. 20”HP, 33”LP X 6ft stroke. 65psi, 32rpm. 20ft flywheel, gear drive. Corliss valve on HP, slide valve LP. Air pump drive from beam. McNaughted about 1906. Two boilers. Accident to cylinder, taken out in 1930?.

VALLEY ROAD. PUDSEY
TROYDALE.
60hp single cylinder beam engine by ?. 15” diameter cylinder X 4ft stroke. 60psi, 36rpm. 12ft flywheel, Gear drive. Air pump driven by rod from beam. Slide valve. Gear drive outside engine room. Shafting under the floor. Cornish boiler. Also a waterwheel.

BEAUMONT AND SMITH. VALLEY MILL. PUDSEY
Engineer Mr Henry Coates.
250hp overhead crank engine by Schofield and Taylor, 1840. 11”HP, 22”LP X 3ft stroke. 80psi (later 140psi), 80rpm. 12ft flywheel, direct drive. Both piston rods onto a long beam with a fulcrum in a wall box. HP piston rod at end of beam and extension up to bush in platform. Parallel motion to crossheads. Air pump and feed pump driven from beam. HP cylinder added and beam lengthened like Edwin Shaw’s engine.

BEAUMONT AND SMITH. VALLEY MILL. PUDSEY
250hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, ?. 11 ½ “ HP, 21”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 88rpm. 14ft flywheel, 6 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Bought from Holroyd’s, Sheepscar, Leeds in 1931. New boiler.

RICHARD INGHAM. PUDSEY
Engineer Mr Percy Shaw.
150hp single beam engine by Wood Brothers, Sowerby Bridge, 1831. 25” diameter cylinder X 5ft stroke. 65psi, 21rpm. 17ft flywheel, gear drive outside the engine room. Slide valve LP, McNaughted about 1906 by ?. 16”HP X 30” stroke with Corliss valves. 120psi, 60rpm. Small, narrow engine room. Air pump and feed pump driven from beam. This engine taken out 1945/46 and replaced by the tandem below.

260hp tandem compound engine by Marsden’s, built 1890 installed at Ingham’s in 1945. 12 ½ “HP, 25”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 87rpm. 10ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. (struck out; Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder) Airpump driven from crosshead in new engine house alongside beam engine house. From Abbey Mills, Kirkstall.

PUDSEY WORSTED MILL COMPANY
GREENSIDE MILL PUDSEY
Engineer Mr Sunderland Jnr. 250hp tandem compound tandem engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 19??. 11”HP, 21”LP X 3ft stroke. 90psi, 90rpm. 11ft flywheel, 6 ropes. Corliss HP, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

GREENSIDE MILL PUDSEY
100hp vertical overhead crank engine by Schofield and Taylor, 1871. Two 25” diameter cylinders X 5ft stroke. (HP added in 1898) 60psi, 50rpm. 10 ft flywheels, double gear drive. Slide valves. Watt governor. No guides but parallel motion. Engine built into corner of room and anchored to walls. HP cylinder in next room.

T J MOHUN AND SON, PUDSEY
ALMA TANNERY
Engineer Mr Flanagan. 120hp single cylinder engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, ?. ? diam cylinder, ? stroke. 160psi, ?rpm. ? ft flywheel, 5RMM[sic]. No air pump. Corliss valves. All power to English Electric alternator. Steam used in tannery. One Cornish boiler, 6ft 6” X 24ft with mechanical stoker, 1925.

UNION BRIDGE. ROKER LANE. PUDSEY
Engineer Mr Brook.
180hp single cylinder engine by Marsden 1896. Rebuilt in 1919. 18” diameter cylinder X 3ft stroke. ‘Edith May’. [name of engine?] 80psi, 82rpm. 11ft flywheel, 12” belt. Air pump driven from crosshead. Corliss valves on new cylinder, old cylinder has slide valves. Andrew Hinchcliffe was old engineer. Replaced small beam engine by Gerald Harley and Foster 1962[sic. Should this be 1862?]

FORRESTS. PROSPECT MILL. PUDSEY.
Engineer Mr Whitton.
600hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1904. 17HP, 34”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 110psi, 86rpm. 18ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Air pump driven from crosshead. Gland and tube tail rod support to LP cylinder at rear. Both cylinders Corliss valves. Engine named ‘Ellen’.

AB HAINSWORTH. STANNINGLEY
1400hp inverted vertical triple expansion engine by Yates and Thom, 1900. 21”HP, 34”IP, 54”LP X 3ft stroke. 20ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves to all cylinders. Airpump driven from LP crosshead. Intermediate cylinder had a smash so it was converted to a cross compound. [This may account for the two figures given for horse power, 1200 and 1400hp.] Originally from Salford or Stockport Tramways.

BARRACLOUGH’S. PUDSEY
IRON FOUNDRY.
100hp cross compound overhead crank engine by ?, 1896. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 100psi, 80rpm. 10ft flywheel, 8ft pulley. Built on ‘A’ frames. Disc cranks. Built as a simple. HP cylinder added. Slide valves, slipper guides and non-condensing.

CLOUGH, RAMSDEN. PUDSEY
400HP TANDEM COMPOUND ENGINE BY Marsden, 1918. 16”HP, 30”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 85rpm. 18ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Both cylinders have Corliss Valves.

J MATHER. LEEDS
RIDGE MILLS. (OUT)
250hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1901. 14”HP, 25”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 450degrees 18ft flywheel, 24” belt. Corliss valves.

KIRKSTALL FORGE CO. LTD. LEEDS
Mr Jones, rolling mill engineer. 500hp cross compound engine by J&E Wood, Bolton, 1903. 18”HP, 36”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi (was 80psi), 72rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves, all at bottom of cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Web crank at LP side to drive rope rim bolted to geared flywheel. Shaft driven low speed governor. Drives bar and shaft rolling mill. Indicated 560hp.

ACKROYD AND COMPANY. LEEDS
TROY MILL, HORSFORTH
Engineer Mr Dobson. 500hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1898 but installed here 1915. 17”HP, 30”LP X 4ft stroke. 100psi, 70rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valve HP (front) and slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Brought in from Midland Mill, Keighley

FARNLEY FORGE. LEEDS
Blowing engine. 120hp single cylinder engine by Bowling Iron Company, 185?. 32” diameter cylinder X 7ft stroke. 45psi, 7>20rpm. 32ft plain flywheel. Slide valve. Air pump driven from crosshead. Double guide bars. Large Watt governor. Blowing cylinders horizontal and in tandem behind steam cylinder. Used for blast furnaces.

MOORLANDS MILL. BIRKENSHAW
500hp inverted cross compound engine by Marsden, 1909. 17”HP, 33”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 14ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Air pump driven by lever from LP crosshead. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

THOMAS AMBLER. ARDSLEY
Engineer Mr Frank Milnes. 1000hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, Bolton, 1912. 20”HP, 40”LP X 4ft stroke. 170psi, (84)89rpm. 18ft flywheel, 22 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump drive from LP tail rod. The original condenser taken out and a new rope-driven one put in. Rotary extension pump. Vertical dash pots. Lumb governor. May indication 1380hp. 1966 indication 494HP + 340LP.

PALESIDE MILL. OSSETT
Engineer Mr Amos Sowden. 500hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell installed here in 1926. 16”HP, 25”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 84rpm. 12ft flywheel, 22” belt. Corliss HP, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

ABRAHAM MOON. GUISELEY
Engine named ‘Vera’. Engineer Mr N Peate. 300hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1911-1946. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 72rpm. 14ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

SPRINGHEAD. GUISELEY
300HP tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1904, December 1952.[date installed at Springhead?] 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 70rpm. 14ft plain flywheel, direct drive. Corliss HP, slide valve LP. Air pump driven from crosshead. (Ken Freeman later)

NAYLOR JENNINGS. YEADON
Engineer Mr Wood.
600hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1919/1958. 18”HP, 36LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 72rpm. 16ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

BANKSFIELD DYEWORKS. YEADON
SCOTT AND RHODES
600hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, ?. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 15ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Replaced my a turbo-alternator.

E DENNISON. YEADON
WESTFIELD MILL
750hp tandem compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley. 18”HP, 37”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 18ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Drop valves on both cylinders. Replaced by Metropolitan Vickers alternator, 900hp, 7000rpm, 750KVA, 440V, 3 phase.

J L PEATE. YEADON
(sold 1917) Engineer Mr Gordon.
600hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1917. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Engine taken out in 1926 probably because the second motion shaft broke twice and the owners in London decided to electrify. Fault was bad alignment of the shaft.

BOTTOMS MILL. BIRKENSHAW
200hp cross compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1920. 16”HP, 26”LP X 30” stroke. 100psi, 100rpm. 12ft flywheel, 6 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Trunk guides. Cylinder end covers. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

WILLIAM MURGATROYD. YEADON
Engineer Mr Murgatroyd.
600hp cross compound engine by Marsden, 11 November 1918. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 82rpm. 16ft flywheel, 10 grooves but no ropes fitted. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Two 9ft pulleys, 12 and 7 ropes. [Second motion?]

H BOOTH. GILDERSOME
Chief engineer Mr Tetlow. 350hp cross compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1899. (Mill 1850) 13”HP, 27”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi, 86rpm. 14ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Air pump driven by LP crosshead. Proell governor. Double wrist plates. Added 11ft rope drum with 6 ropes for drive to 150KVA alternator. New LP cylinder in 19??.

ADNA BROOK. GILDERSOME
180hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1905. 10”HP, 20”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 90rpm. All Corliss valves. 14ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

MAIDEN MILL. GILDERSOME
MORRIS’S OLD FLAX MILL.
Engineer Mr T Bell. 500hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1920. (installed here in 1949. Replaced a 250hp tandem by Woodhouse and Mitchell. Marsden engine came from Jackson’s at Morley.) 17”HP, 35”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 85rpm. 17ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Lumb governor. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

OLD FLAX MILL GILDERSOME
NOW REBUILT AS MAIDEN MILL.
200hp side lever marine engine, unknown maker and date. 18”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. 100psi, 50rpm. Slide valves. 18ft flywheel in room with the added horizontal HP cylinder. Air pump drive was from the side lever.

WOOD AND GRIMSHAW. DRIGHLINGTON
Engine named ‘Leslie’.
300hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1890. 14”HP, 29”LP X 3ft stroke. 85psi, 83rpm. 12ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Airpump driven from LP crosshead. (Installed here in 1914)

BOOTH BROTHERS. DRIGHLINGTON
Engine named Cockersdale?
200 hp tandem compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1910. 12”HP, 20”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi,90rpm. Drop valves. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

F DICKENSON. DRIGHLINGTON
300hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1909. 16”HP, 30”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 60rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven by tail rod of LP cylinder by large bell crank.

JOHN WILSON. GILDERSOME
Engineer Mr A Dean.
800hp twin tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1929. two X 13”HP, 26”Lp X 30” stroke. 160psi, 100rpm. Corliss valves. 14ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Vertical Edwards condensers. Airpump driven from each crosshead. Chain driven governor. Taken out in 1960.

BENN AND WEBSTER. MORLEY
Engine named Laura. Engineer Mr Smithson.
250hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1900. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 100psi, 80rpm. 14ft flywheel, 24” belt. Corliss valves on HP and slide on LP. Air pump driven from crosshead. (Like Barker’s below but opposite hand)

J BARKER. MORLEY
250hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1896. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 78rpm. 14ft flywheel, 24” belt. Corliss valves on HP and slide on LP. Air pump driven from crosshead. (Like Benn and Webster’s above but opposite hand.)

WATSON. MORLEY
FIELD MILL. MORLEY
Engineer Mr J W Rhodes.
350hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1922. 16”HP, 31”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 15ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. All power goes to alternator. Sister engine to Scholes below.

D. SCHOLES. MORLEY
Engineer Mr Gomersall.
350hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1922. 16”HP, 31”LP X 3ft stroke. 130psi, 90rpm. 15ft flywheel, no ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. All power goes to alternator. Sister engine to Watson’s above. 9ft and 8ft pulleys with 8 ropes each.

APPLEYARDS. MORLEY
OAK MILL. MORLEY
Engine named ‘Laura’. Engineer Mr J Sharpe.
350hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1929. 15”HP, 26”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 94rpm. Enclosed governor. 15ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Trunk guides integral with bed. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. (‘Annie 1906-1929. Newton, Bean and Mitchell.)

GREENWOOD AND WALSH. MORLEY
Engineers Hedley Healey and Ben Whiteley.
660hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1920. 19”LP, 38”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 66rpm. 18ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Tailrod support slide to HP cylinder. All power to alternator. Engines named Laura and Fanny. (Very much like Matthew Walker’s)

ALBERT GLOVER. MORLEY
GLEN MILL. MORLEY
Engineer Mr Walsh.
500hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1929. 17”HP, 34”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 16ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

MARK HOLROYD. DEWSBURY
SPINKWELL MILL. DESBURY
350hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 19??. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 78rpm. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Two engines, right and left hand.

MARK HOLROYD. DEWSBURY
CALDER MILL. DEWSBURY
450hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1923. 17”HP, 34”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Lumb governor. Tailrod support to HP cylinder.

WILLIAM GREENWOOD. DEWSBURY
PROVIDENCE MILLS. DEWSBURY
Engineers Mr Singleton and Mr Crawshaw.
250hp tandem compound engine by Wood and Baldwin, 1880? 15”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 85rpm. 14ft enclosed flywheel, direct drive. Corliss valves on HP (rear) and slide valve on LP. Non-condensing. Double guide bars. Proell governor. Two eccentrics on return.crankshaft for outside Corliss gear. Was single cylinder with expansion gear on cylinder but off now. Bed extended front and rear for HP cylinder.

WILLIAM WALKER. OSSETT
Engine named ‘Olive’ and installed here in 1920.
250hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1892. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 76rpm. 9ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Whitehead governor.

WILSON BROTHERS. DEWSBURY
Engineer Mr Derek Giggle.
250hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1910. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 90rpm. 14ft flywheel, 6 grooves. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead. 18” belt with 14” on top, no ropes fitted. ‘George III’ [engine name?]

TATTERSFIELD. DEWSBURY
300hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1923. 18”HP, 35”LP X 4ft stroke. 80psi, 73rpm. 15ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Corliss valves on HP, slide valve on low. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. (Notes below this entry: J Scatchyard, Pale Side Mill, Ossett.

THOMAS AND D LEE. DEWSBURY
SYKE ING MILL. DEWSBURY
Engineer Mr J Riley.
350hp tandem compound engine by Bever and Dorling, 1897. 18”HP, 31”LP X 3ft stroke. 125psi, 87rpm. 15ft narrow flywheel. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP tail rod. 10ft rope pulley with 12 ropes. Support guide to tail rod.

J FRANCE. DEWSBURY
ALBERT MILL. DEWSBURY
Engineer Mr Parker, Manager Mr Millard (50 years in post) Firm established in 1790. Named ‘Elsie’ and ‘Mabel’.
250hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1911. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi (was 75psi), 82rpm. 14ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Eccentric driven feed pump from engine shaft. Stopped December 1963. (Note reads: Also Pollitt tandem out.)

MATTHEW WALKER. ALVERTHORPE
(Note reads: Like G & Walsh.)
Engineer Mr Brown.
750hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1912. 19”HP, 37”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 84rpm. 17ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Two plus two eccentrics, two wrist plates on each cylinder. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder (LH). Support guide to HP tail rod. Lumb governor. (two use) 1963. Boilers, 3 Thompson (Wilson) package. Ropes drive back to 10ft drum in engine room.

J M BRIGGS. OSSETT
RUNTLINGS MILL. OSSETT
‘Rhoda’. Left hand.
250hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1908. 12”HP,25”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi, 82rpm. 14ft flywheel, 6 ropes. Corliss valves on HP, slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Porter governor. (note reads: M Walker, Alverthorpe. Old water tank by Pearson and Spurr, dated 1873.)

J WALKER. DEWSBURY
LOW MILL, DEWSBURY
Engineer Mr Singleton.
250hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1879. 12”HP, 24”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 60rpm. 16ft narrow flywheel. Corliss valves on HP cylinder added in 1925. Slide valve on LP. Return crank drives shaft with drive to cross shaft in front of the HP (rear) cylinder with two eccentrics. 1963. Air pump driven from crosshead.

J WALKER. MIRFIELD
BUTT END MILLS. MIRFIELD
Engineer Mr g Goodall.
350 hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1927. 15”HP, 30”LP X 3ft stroke. 125psi, 90rpm. Engine named Edith Mary. 16ft flywheel (13 tons) 13 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

J WALKER. MIRFIELD
HOLMEBANK MILL. MIRFIELD
Engine men all Walker. Engine named ‘Gertrude’.
500hp single beam engine by Cardwell, Dewsbury, 1871. Corliss HP cylinder added in 1909 by Schofield and Taylor. 26”HP X 39” stroke. 39”LP X 6ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 36rpm. 22ft narrow flywheel, 25 tons with teeth for barring engine. Main drive is a 7ft gear. Air pump driven from the beam.
Also at same location: 300hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Marsden, 1925. 24” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. Drop valves. 120psi, 160rpm. 12ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Tail rod support guide. Whitehead governor. Separate condenser. All power to alternator originally at SANDYGATE MILL. BURNLEY
Originally at Robinson and Peel, Bradford. (engine?)

GEORGE LYLE. MIRFIELD
Engineer Mr W H Owen.
500hp compound engine. 19”HP horizontal cylinder X 6ft stroke with Corliss valves in one room. Crank pin in 8ft gear wheel and return crank drives and main bearing in wall box. Long shaft driving cross shaft in front of cylinder with two eccentrics for HP Corliss gear at outside. Beam engine in next room with 35 ¼ “ LP cylinder X 6ft stroke on same crankshaft. Air pump driven from beam. Cranks at 180 degrees. 120psi, 42rpm. Horizontal engine has double guide bars. By Woodhouse and Mitchell with Marsden’s Cylinder. 18ft flywheel in beam engine room.(1860/1900.{ inserted afterwards}) Slide valve beam engine cylinder. Lumb governor driven by ropes. Bearings on top of slide bars as if a slide valve horizontal cylinder had been used with the valve on the top. Very interesting engine, no dates available.

WORMALD AND WALKER. DEWSBURY
Engine named ‘Daisy’. Engineer Mr Metcalfe.
350hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1926. 14”HP, 28”LP X 4ft stroke. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. 125psi, 72rpm. 16ft flywheel, no ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Bevel gear drive to vertical shaft driving all floors. Whitehead governor. Flywheel enclosed.

J NEWSHOLME. BATLEY
Engine named ‘Eileen’. Engineer Mr Fred Oakland.
750hp cross compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1915. 18”HP, 33”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 200psi, 80rpm. 18ft flywheel, 13 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. 16ft drum on second motion shaft

600hp compound beam engine. 26”HP, 42”LP X 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. 60-140psi, 26-36rpm. 25ft flywheel.

RAWDEN, BRIGGS. RAVENSTHORPE
(Note. Closed 17 January 1964)
Engineer Mr Ellis. 500hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1921. 17”HP, 34”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 82rpm. 16ft enclosed flywheel. Airpump driven from LP tail rod by bell crank. Direct drive to mill shafting. Support guides.

C & J STUBLEY. BATLEY
Engineer Mr Fletcher.
650hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1890. 20”HP, 37”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 62rpm. 20ft flywheel, 42” wide belt. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

WILLIAM BLACKBURN. BIRSTALL
Engine named ‘Eveline’. Engineer Mr P Crowther.
200hp single cylinder engine by Mark Shaw, 1904. 21” diameter cylinder X 3ft 6” stroke. 100psi, 78rpm. 13ft flywheel, 7 ropes driving a 6ft diameter drum in engine room. Corliss valves. Air pump drive from crosshead. Governor mounted on edge of bed and driven by return crank.

WILLIAM HOLTON. BIRSTALL
Engineer now Mr Fletcher, Mr Frank Metcalfe. (was Mr Newsome.)
650hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1918. 19”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Most of power taken by alternator. Replaced an old beam engine. Mr Newsome.

TANKARD’S MILL. BIRSTALL
(NEAR BATLEY)
Engineer Mr Hurst.
150hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1890. 16”HP, 21”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 84rpm. 16ft plain flywheel with plates on the rim to form a 30” wide pulley. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Air pump drive from crosshead. Altered by Newton Bean and Mitchell and Cole Marchant and Morley.

SPRINGFIELD. GILDERSOME
450hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1926. 13”HP, 26”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 160psi,100rpm. 12ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

JAMES IVES. YEADON
LEAFIELD MILL. YEADON
Engineer Mr Smith.
350hp tandem compound engine three rod type (so almost certainly P&W), 1903. 15”HP, 28”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 77rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

ALSO AT LEAFIELD:
250hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1885. 16”HP, 28”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. All slide valves. 85psi, 75rpm. 12ft flywheel, 8 ropes (1960). Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

AT MANOR MILL. YEADON
500hp tandem compound engine, by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1920. 18”HP, 34”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Ordinary cylinders, not three rod type.

WILLIAM FISON. BURLEY
Engineer Mr Hargreaves.
500hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1896. There rod type. 110psi, 70rpm. 16ft flywheel with balance weight. 18”HP, 36”LP X 5ft stroke. 14”HP, 27”LP X 4ft stroke. (must be double tandem) Air pump drive from crosshead. Two 300hp vertical water turbines bevel geared to horizontal shaft. Turbines and engine clutch coupled to 20ft rope drum.

VICTORIA
Originally had two 100hp steam engines with wide 25ft 90hp undershot water wheel.

AT SAME MILL
Engine named ‘Diana’.
150?hp inverted vertical high speed compound enclosed engine Belliss and Morcom. 110psi, 550rpm, 4ft flywheel. Coupled via David Brown gearbox (3:1) to 100KVA alternator by Crompton Parkinson running at 1500rpm. Motor driven Edwards air pump and separate condenser.
Section of waterwheel by Wren and Bennett, 1835-1895.

Water turbines running, engines stopped, 1960. Turbines: One 48” diameter at 108rpm and two 42” diameter at 108 rpm. All by Turnbull.

J PRIESTMAN. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr Cooper.
1000hp double beam compound engine by Bowling Iron Company, 1870. Two 30”HP, two42”LP X 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. 120psi, 28rpm. 20ft flywheel with gear on rim driving two 5ft pinions below the wheel with hardwood teeth inset. McNaughted about 1898, runs noisy. Corliss HP cylinders, 1898. Slide valves on LP cylinders. Air pump driven fro the beam. There is a note saying that the engine at Big Mill at Earby had the same arrangement but with one pinion. I checked with Walt Fisher and this is correct but at Earby the gearing and pinion were steel I think. Certainly not hardwood teeth.

ALSO AT J PRIESTMAN. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr P Clay.
500hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1880. 16”HP, 30”LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 45rpm. 18ft flywheel with teeth on rim driving a 5ft 6” pinion. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Tail rod support guides to both cylinders.

ALSO
250hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1902. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 90rpm. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Both cylinders have Corliss valves. Airpump driven from the crosshead.

ALSO
150hp inverted, vertical, enclosed, compound engine and 500hp steam turbine both driving generators.

ALSO
J PRIESTMAN. BRADFORD
Engineers Mr Taylor and Mr Scott.
Modern diesel plant, 1952, in new building adjacent to the mill. Two 1080hp two stroke diesel engines by Allen. Direct coupled to Brush alternators, 6,600volts, 3 phase, 375 rpm. 980KVA. Both 3 cylinders and fitted with compressed air starting gear.

JOHN SMITH. BRADFORD
FIELDHEAD MILL. BRADFORD
450hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1890. 18”HP, 34”LP X 4ft stroke. 130psi, 94rpm. 14ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Lumb governor. Modernised by Newton, Bean and Mitchell.

ALSO AT FIELDHEAD MILL
Engineer, Mr Bentley.
600hp cross compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1884. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 130psi, 90rpm. 18ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Lumb governor. Driving the spinning mill.

ALSO AT FIELDHEAD MILL
400hp tandem compound engine by Cole Marchant and Morley, 1911. 15”HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 130psi, 90rpm. 16ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Drop valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven by bell crank from LP tailrod which has slipper support. Crossed arm governor. Driving twisting shed. 9Notes: Edwards 20”diameter X 15” stroke. Out 1948.)

T H SHAW. BRADFORD
No. 1. Engineer Mr A Gibson.
500hp tandem compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1911. 17 ½ “HP, 30” LP X 3ft stroke. Lumb governor. 140psi, 102rpm. 13 ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Drop valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

No. 2.
Also in same room, end to end. 600hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1911. 18”HP, 34”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 82rpm. 16ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Drop valve inlets and Corliss exhausts. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Engineer in charge Duncan McAllan. In very long, light, engine room. Crank to crank.

No. 3.
Engineer Mr W England.
600hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Sulzer Brothers, 1913. 26 5/8”HP, X 28 ½ “ stroke. (Metric sizes) 140psi, 150rpm. 12ft polished flywheel. Drop valve inlets. Air pump drive from crank pin. All enclosed engine. 8ft rope pulley in room behind. This engine in another part of the mill to the others. Six large Lancashire boilers. Branch of Woolcombers. Mr Womersley general engineer. Mr P Higgins engine engineer.

W AND J WHITEHEAD. BRADFORD
Engineers Mr Booth and Mr Firby.
1500hp tandem compound engine by Sulzer Brothers (4685), 1919. 180psi, 133rpm. Drop valves on all cylinders. 19”HP, 38”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 14ft polished flywheel. Air pump driven from a crank at end. Exhaust to mill processing. Was direct drive to the shafting but now all power on to alternator.

ALSO
1600hp, trip expansion 4 cylinder engine by Cole, Marchant, 1896. 26”HP, 39”IP, and two 42”LP X 6ft stroke. 180psi, 54rpm. All Corliss valves. 28ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Tailrod supports to LP cylinders. Air pump on each. Two wrist plates on each cylinder. ‘Kenneth and Maude’. (1950)[not clear what this date refers to. Year it came out?]
Note: Had a Marsden 500hp tandem which went to Rennie’s at Stanningley Original engine was a single cylinder beam.

SMITH (ALLERTON) LTD. BRADFORD
Engine named Walter Livsey[sic]’.
300hp single beam engine by ?, 1869. 110psi. ?rpm. Slide valve cylinders. 18”HP x 30”, 28”LP [sic], X 5ft stroke. 10ft flywheel. 17” wide teeth. Air pump driven by rod from beam. Flywheel later made plain for 16” wide belt drive. New Corliss HP cylinder in 1898. (out in 1937)

300hp tandem compound engine by Cole Marchant, 1898. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 110psi, 85rpm. All cylinders Corliss valves. 18ft flywheel, 11 ropes. (Named ‘Charles Henry. Out 1958.

JEREMIAH ROBERTSHAW
Beam engine was to have been a twin beam but was not built.

HENRY WHITEHEAD. BRADFORD
Engine named ‘Minnie’.
800hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1894. 21”HP, 42”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 62rpm. 18ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss HP cylinder and slide valve low. New HP cylinder in 1952, 1000hp.

HOLMES MANN. BRADFORD
HARRIS STREET
Engineer Mr Hume.
650hp cross compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1921. 18”HP, 35”LP X 30” stroke. 120psi, 100rpm. Drop valves on both cylinders. 15ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Trunk guides. Tailrod support to LP cylinder. Very long cylinders with horizontal valves at bottom (exhaust?), inlet valves at top vertical. Horizontal condenser behind HP cylinder. Driving 500KVA alternator.

ALSO
100hp single cylinder engine by Newton Bean and Mitchell, 1897 and 1920. 17” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. 12ft flywheel. 14” belt. Driving AC generator. [From Hammerton street?. Text unclear] Two boilers, one oil and one wood by Holdsworth.

J W FIRTH. BRADFORD
HALL LANE
Engineer Mr T Gott.
500hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1910. 20”HP, 36”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi X 94rpm. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Return crank drives short shaft with three eccentrics for Corliss gear, all at outside. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

T WHITELY. BRADFORD
150hp cross compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1900. 11”HP, 21”LP X 30” stroke. 75psi, 75rpm. 10ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valve HP and slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

J H SMITH. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr Scott.
600hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1896. 18”HP, 35”LP X 4ft stroke. 80psi, 73rpm. 15ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Corliss valve HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

CITY COMBING COMPANY. BRADFORD
Engine named ‘Ethel’.
250hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1903. 11!HP, 23”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 87rpm. 14ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. (13 ¼ “ + 24 ¼ “. Sizes after re-boring?)

TUNWELL MILL. BRADFORD
SMITH AND HUTTON
Engineer Mr Gaunt.
300hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1903. 14”HP, 27”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 70rpm. New 14ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP tailrod. Mill driven by 10ft>4ft gear in next room. Rope drive to alternator.

ALLERTON COMBING COMPANY. BRADFORD
TOP MILL, ALLERTON
Engine named ‘Annie’. Engineer Mr M Pressland.
350hp tandem compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1897. 15 ½ “HP, 30”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 71rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead. Trip in forked valve rods from 2+2 wrist plates. Surface condenser. Trunk guides. Lumb governor. Built up sectional flywheel.

D ILLINGWORTH. BRADFORD
1000hp single cylinder engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1860. 40” diameter cylinder X 10ft stroke. 80psi, 45rpm. Corliss valves. 30ft (55 tons) flywheel, 27 ropes. Air pump driven from crosshead. Marine connecting rod. 20” diameter crankshaft. [Note. Looks like a beam engine.]

ALSO
450hp single cylinder engine by Hick Hargreaves. 28” diameter cylinder X 5ft stroke. Corliss valves. 80psi X ?rpm. 25 ft flywheel, ? ropes. Air pump driven from crosshead.

J PILLEY BRADFORD
UNION MILLS. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr W Ackroyd.
350hp tandem compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1909. 13”HP, 26”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi, 103rpm. Drop valves on both cylinders. 14ft plain enclosed flywheel. Air pump driven from crosshead. Lumb governor. Direct drive to mill shafting.

ALSO
80hp vertical compound enclosed engine by Belliss and Morcom, no date. Drives 50Kw dynamo. 6”HP, 10”LP X 6” stroke. Central valve to both cylinders. 140psi, 520rpm. Exhaust steam to mill processing. All plant in lovely condition but poor engine room.

F C CRABTREE. BRADFORD
BURLINGTON MILL..WOODHALL ROAD. BRADFORD
Engine named ‘Enid’. Engineer Mr A Smith.
700hp vertical cross compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1908. 20”HP, 36”LP X 3ft stroke. Drop valves. 150psi, 110rpm. 12ft flywheel at end. 16 ropes. Air pump drive from LP crosshead. Steam re-heater between cylinders. Engine was 550hp with 100psi and 100rpm, increased in 1940.

CITY WASTE. BRADFORD
ROSS MILL. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr Frederick Ogden.
400hp vertical cross compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1906. 15”HP, 28”LP X 3ft stroke. Corliss valves. 120psi, 73rpm. 11ft (15 ton) flywheel, 14 ropes. Air pump drive from LP crosshead. Balanced overhead cranks. Newton, Bean and Mitchell governor. Flywheel in centre. Brought from Howarth, Tumbling Hill.

T HOWARTH. BRADFORD
ATLAS MILL. BRADFORD
Engine named ‘Agnes’. Engineer Mr A Morpeth.
500hp vertical cross compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1906. 21”HP, 42”LP X 3ft stroke. Drop valves. 160psi, 80rpm. 15ft (20 ton) flywheel at end, 26 ropes. Air pump drive from LP cylinder crosshead. Double web crankshaft. Diagonal shaft drive up to cross shaft with eccentrics like F C Crabtree’s engine. Driving an alternator.

G R MORRISON. SHIPLEY (25/10/63)
350hp tandem compound engine by ?. 12”HP, 26”LP X 3ft stroke. 100psi, 96rpm. 10ft flywheel, 6 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves on HP (front), slide valve LP. Trunk guides. Lumb governor. Engine runs the wrong way. Two Lancashire boilers with Proctor stokers.

H HEY. BRADFORD
BRICK LANE MILL. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr A Hargreaves.
600hp double beam compound engine by Timothy Bates, 1864. Two 21”HP X 2ft 9” stroke. Two 31”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 49rpm. 18ft flywheel with 18” wide gear teeth. Cast iron plates bolted onto rim to make a 36” wide belt pulley by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1920. HP cylinders were added in 1902. Corliss HP and slide valve LP.

STUART BROTHERS. SHIPLEY
ASHLEY MILLS. SHIPLEY
80hp single cylinder beam engine by Cole Marchant, 1831 or 1841. 26”diameter cylinder X 5ft stroke (4ft 9”). 90psi, 39rpm. 19ft flywheel, gear drive. Air pump driven from beam by rod. Very peculiar cam valve gear. Varley’s patent cut-off controlled by a large slow speed governor. 1960. Cross girders support bearing for beam.

A S WHITEHEAD. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr A Shaw.
Two 100hp single cylinder engines by Fairbank and Brierley Brothers (Shipley), made right and left hand, 1900. 12” diameter cylinders X 30” stroke. 160psi, 100rpm. 6ft 6” flywheel, 14” wide belt. Separately driven condenser in room between the two engines. Corliss valves.

JOHN SMITH. BRADFORD
FIELDHEAD MILL. BRADFORD
550hp twin compound beam engine by the Bowling Iron Company, 1869. Two 14”HP, two 27”LP X 3ft and 6ft stroke. 100/130psi, 30rpm. 18ft flywheel, gear drive. Airpump rod driven from beam. Corliss HP cylinders added in 1910. Slide valve LP cylinders. Four fluted columns support cross girders wall to wall. Inserted wood teeth in 4ft 6” pinion.

BAILDON COMBING COMPANY. SHIPLEY
LOWER HOLME MILL. SHIPLEY
Engineer Mr S Horwell.
1000hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Sulzer Brothers, 1922. 33 ¼ “ diameter cylinder X 36” stroke. 14 ½ ft polished flywheel. 140psi, 133rpm. Air pump driven from crank end of shaft. Direct drive to mill shafting and a ten ft pulley with 16 ropes. Some to next room to drive an alternator. Three bearing web crankshaft.

E J SMITH. BRADFORD
ANCHOR MILL, TONG STREET. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr Horwell.
400hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Sulzer Brothers, 1945. 21 ½ “ diameter cylinder X 25 ½ “ stroke. 140psi, 158rpm. 12 ft polished flywheel. Air pump driven from crankpin. 8ft rope pulley, 15 ropes. All enclosed engine with drop valves. ‘Joyce’. [engine name?]

CHARLESTOWN COMBING COMPANY
Engine named ‘Dulcie’. Engineer Mr Richard Halliwell.
600hp tandem compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1912. 19”HP, 37”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 80rpm. 18ft flywheel (18ft 9”), 15 ropes. Drop valves on both cylinders. Trunk Guides and circular casting between cylinders. Support guides in front and behind LP cylinder. New horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder replaced one below driven by bell crank from tail rod. Barring engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, two cylinders.

RAMSBOTHAM. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr W Horwell.
650hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Sulzer Brothers, 1913. 29 ½ “ diameter cylinder X 31 ½ “ stroke. 140psi, 144rpm. 14ft polished flywheel. Airpump driven from crank pin. 9ft rope pulley, 18 ropes. All enclosed engine. Drop valve inlets. 1961 (date scrapped?)

Allen turbo alternator 1275hp = 1080KVA. 250psi, 9220rpm>1500rpm. Stoekight epicyclic gearbox[sic].

E LEGOTT. BRADFORD
Stopped September 1964. Engineer Mr A Hargreaves.
100 hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1898. 9 ½ “HP, 17”LP X 30” stroke. Three rod type. 100psi, 102rpm. 11ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Slide valve on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. One Cornish boiler.

GREENHILL COMBING COMPANY. BRADFORD
FLORENCE STREET. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr T Holdsworth.
350hp tandem compound engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 1907. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi,100rpm. 14ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Drop valves on both cylinders. Engine nearly enclosed by guards. Named ‘Cassie’.

PRESTON ST COMBING CO. BRADFORD
ILLINGWORTH MORRISS
Engineer Mr Bentley.
750hp tandem compound Uniflow engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley, 19??. 24”HP (rear), 30”LP X 27” stroke. 140psi (600 degrees), 150rpm. 10ft narrow flywheel. 4 ¾ “ rope drive sc[sic] Drop valves on both cylinders. Delas jet air pump[sic]. Trunk guides. Web crank. Three bearing crank shaft. Side shaft DC generator also direct drive on engine shaft. Side shaft with eccentrics on outside of engine.

PHOENIX COMBING CO. BRADFORD
SMITH STREET. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr L N Heath.
750hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1905. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 90rpm. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves on both cylinders. 1960. (date scrapped?)

WILLIAM BRIGGS. CLAYTON. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr Allinson.
350hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom , 1887. 15”HP, 30”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. Slide valves on both cylinders. 120psi, 64rpm. 20ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Airpump driven from LP crosshead. In 1897 a Metcalfe Corliss HP cylinder was fitted. In 1907 Newton, Bean and Mitchell fitted their gear to this cylinder and a Lumb governor.

J ?. BRADFORD
600hp double beam compound engine by ?, 1871. Two 24”HP. Two 36”LP, 3ft and 6ft stroke. All LP cylinders slide valves, HP Corliss valves. 120psi, 32rpm. 18ft flywheel, gear drive on to one 4ft 6” pinion underneath.

BRADFORD COMBING CO. BRADFORD
SYDNEY MILL. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr A Denney.
750hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by J Musgrave, 1910. 30” diameter cylinder X 39” stroke. 160psi, 121rpm. 13ft polished flywheel, 19 tons. Munza inlet valve gear (Stockholm). Named ‘Margaret’. 1956 [date scrapped?]

SIR H W RIPLEY. BRADFORD
Engineer Mr Umpleby.
500hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Sulzer Brothers, 1920. 27 ½” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. 160psi X 140rpm. 14ft polished flywheel. Extraction engine. Exhaust to mill processing. Drop inlets, Uniflow exhaust, all enclosed. (with H Lee 26/09/1932. {date of visit?})

PEEL MILL. BINGLEY
Engineer Mr Pickles.
500hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1925. 16”HP, 30”LP X 3ft stroke. 180psi, 90rpm. 14ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Drop valves on both cylinders. Uniflow LP cylinder. Separate rope driven condenser.

JOHN WHITE’S TANNERY. BINGLEY
PARK ROAD. BINGLEY
Engineer Mr H Atkinson.
100hp single cylinder engine by Carr Foster of Bingley, 1899. 15” diameter cylinder X 17” stroke. 75psi, 92>88rpm. 8ft flywheel with 12” belt drive. Slide valve. Non condensing; steam used in tannery for process.

C CRABTREE. BINGLEY
PAPER MILL, BINGLEY
Engineer Mr Cyril Bradley.
150hp tandem compound engine by Carr and Company, Bingley, 1853. 10”HP, 20”LP X 3ft stroke. 90psi, 75rpm. 12ft flywheel, belt drive. Slide valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead. Very low-built engine.

ALSO
25hp single cylinder engine by ?, 1880. 10” diameter X 82rpm. 6ft flywheel, belt drive. Slide valve. Non-condensing, steam used in factory.

DALTON MILLS. KEIGHLEY
TRUSTEES OF J H CRAVEN
Engineer Mr J F Fisher.
Two 1000hp tandem compound engines by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1904. Right hand engine named ‘Jennie’, left hand, ‘Zilda’. 22”HP, 42”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 130psi, 65rpm. 18ft Flywheel, 37 tons, 22 ropes. Horizontal condensers behind LP cylinders. (1960 – 1962. Date scrapped?)

These engines took the place of a 3,000hp[? When first installed the engines were described as 500 nominal hp] double compound beam engine dated 1872. [Arthur has this down as Burnley Ironworks but it was actually built by Bracewell of Burnley and designed by Pickup who later managed the firm when it became BI. Cost £12,000. Designed in 1873 and installed in 1876]. Two 45”HP cylinders X 4ft 6” stroke. Two60”LP cylinders X 9ft stroke. Slide valves. 65psi, 34rpm [Watkins says 22.5rpm]. 30ft flywheel (90 ton) with 24ft gear [19” broad teeth at 6 ½ “ pitch] (45 ton). Air pumps driven by rod from each beam. The built up flywheel gave trouble. Claimed to be the world’s largest engine in 1875. [When Arthur says that the flywheel gave trouble he is right. I have seen pictures of the smash and the spokes of the separate 24ft diameter jack wheel broke off at the boss when an underground second motion shaft broke and allowed the pinion to roll under the jack wheel. By 1904 when this happened the big double beam running at slow speed was hopelessly old-fashioned and it was easier and better to scrap the engine and replace with the two Pollitts. Pollitt and Wigzell were at their peak at the time and I’ll bet they gave the mill a very good quote. Shackleton record of the Bracewell engine, similar to that installed at Brierfield Mills in 1868: Two 41”HP, two 63”LP X c.54” stroke. 1500hp. C.28ft flywheel, gear drive. Pressure and rpm not known.]

IRVING FIRTH. KEIGHLEY
BEECH MILLS. KEIGHLEY
Engineer Mr G Brown.
700hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1894. 22”HP, 43”LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 76rpm. 20ft flywheel, 23 ropes. Corliss valves on HP, slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Cylinders named ‘Minnie’ and ‘Ria’.

THORP JOHNSON. KEIGHLEY
BOBBIN MILL
The Hon. Mr S Scaife.
150hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1918. 10 ½ “HP,20 ½ “LP X 3ft stroke. 100psi, 89rpm. 10 ft flywheel, 6 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve on low. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Whitehead governor. Golbourne Street from Merralls Syke Mill, Haworth 1934.

ABRAHAM AMBLER. WILSDEN
Mr Brooksbank.
600hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1896. 14”HP, 28”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 68rpm. 15ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. New Cylinders by Newton, Bean and Mitchell. Taken out 1963/64.

ABRAHAM AMBLER. WILSDEN
500hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1896. 12”HP, 23”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 75rpm. 15ft flywheel, three belts. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves on new cylinders by Newton, Bean and Mitchell. Was a slide valve engine and had a P&W balanced crank. Running in 1965. Oil firing in 1961.

JOHN DIXON. STEETON
BOBBIN MILL. STEETON
Mr Emmott.
400hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1911. 18”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 62rpm. 16ft flywheel X 4ft wide. Belt drive. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser at crank end of engine driven by long rod from outer guide block. Whitehead governor.

THOMAS WILSON. KEIGHLEY
LOW BRIDGE MILL. KEIGHLEY
400hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by Marsden. No date. 14”HP, 25”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 84rpm. 12ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves. Web cranks. Air pump driven from a crank at the end of the crankshaft.

W H FOSTER. DENHOLME
[Is this Black Dyke Mills?]
Mr Flather.
500hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1904.
Corliss valve HP, slide valve LP. 120psi, 82rpm. 17ft enclosed flywheel, 24” belt. Right Handed. Lumb governor.

ALSO
800hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, Left handed, 1898. 21”HP, 38”LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 82rpm. 15ft flywheel, 54” wide belt. Corliss valves on HP, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. These two engines in one room.

ALSO
500hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1904. 17 1.2 “HP, 32”LP X 5ft stroke. 15ft flywheel, 38” wide belt. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Lumb governor. Right handed engine.

W H FOSTER. DENHOLME
Mr Henry Briggs.
400hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1869. 19”HP, 38”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. New Corliss HP cylinder in 1894. (This engine was originally two cylinders simple with two condensers.) 37 ½ rpm. No guides, Parallel motion. 18ft flywheel, geared with 12” wide teeth driving 6ft pinion then tex ropes to countershaft and tex ropes hence to 500KVA, 600rpm alternator. Corliss HP cylinder and slide valve LP. Air pump driven from parallel motion lever. Gearing; 160 teeth to 45 teeth. Lumb governor. One ordinary Pollitt and one disc crank. The mill originally had three 500hp beam engines.

TAYLOR BROTHERS. SILSDEN
Mr S Bentley.
500hp vertical cross compound engine by Scott and Hodgson, 1896, installed in 1917. 17”HP, 35”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 72rpm. 18ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Originally built for Union Mills, Audenshaw.

PETER GREEN. BRADLEY
Mr T Heseltine.
250hp tandem compound engine by Smith Brothers and Eastwood, 1901. 11”HP, 18”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 14ft flywheel, 8 ropes. 120psi, 90rpm. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Rocking lever for the Musgrave’s trip gear. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. [Newton Pickles rebored both cylinders and air pump. He said that the trip gear was Musgrave’s and was very noisy.]

COLLINGHAM AND KEIGHLEY. KEIGHLEY
CONEY LANE MILL. KEIGHLEY
[In about 1820 Mr Joseph Keighley built a mill and dwelling house in Coney Lane where for some years he wove. The mill eventually passed out of his sons hands and became Sugden and Keighley who replaced the dwelling with offices and shops and completely rebuilt the mill.]
1000hp cross compound engine by Marsden, 192?. 21”HP, 43”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 18ft flywheel, 27 ropes. Corliss valves. Airpump driven by bell crank from LP tail rod with support guides.

TIMOTHY HIRD. KEIGHLEY
KNOWL[SIC] MILL. KEIGHLEY
500hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. 20”HP, 36”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 70rpm. 18ft flywheel with 12 ropes. Corliss valves. Airpump driven from LP crosshead. Taken out and altered to tandem for Acres Mill, Keighley in 1926.

This engine replaced by: 1000hp cross compound engine by Marsden, 1926 – 1959. 22”HP, 44”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 18ft flywheel, 27 ropes. Air pump driven by bell crank from LP tail rod with support guides. Cylinders named ‘Richard’ and ‘Sarah’.

PRINCE SMITH. KEIGHLEY
STRONG CLOSE. KEIGHLEY
Mr J Hago
750hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Cole Marchant and Morley, 1926. 31” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. 160psi, 160rpm. 10 ½ ft polished flywheel. Drop valve inlets, Uniflow exhaust. Rope driven extractor pump. Surface condenser. 240 volt DC generator on the engine shaft.

ALSO
400hp tandem compound engine by Cole Marchant and Morley, 1910. 16”HP, 32”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 12ft 6” flywheel, 24 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

Two large boilers. Both out 158/59.

PRINCE SMITH. KEIGHLEY
BURLINGTON SHED. KEIGHLEY
1250hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 18??. 28”HP, 54”LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 60rpm. 20 feet flywheel, ? ropes.

MERRALL. HAWORTH
LEES MILL. HAWORTH
1000hp cross compound by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1900. 22”HP, 42”LP X 5ft stroke. 140psi, 67rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Originally gear drive under floor.

MERRALL. HAWORTH
EBOR MILL. HAWORTH
800hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1891. 20”HP, 41”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 65rpm. 18ft flywheel, belt. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Engine named ‘Edwin’.

HAYFIELD WOOLS. GLUSBURN
Mr J C Horsfall.
1500hp cross compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell. 1929. 20”HP, 38”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 96rpm. 16ft flywheel and one 14ft with 22 ropes. Drop valves to all cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. All power onto alternator. John and Donald engine names?), 1961 (date out?)

BAIRSTOW NO. 2 MILL. SUTTON
Mr Marsden.
500HP vertical cross compound engine by Cole Marchant and Morley, 1909. 17”HP, 34”LP X 30” stroke. 160psi, 118rpm. 12ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Drop valves to both cylinders. Angular drive shaft to eccentric shaft at cylinder level. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. All power to alternator.

HIELD BROTHERS. OXENHOPE
Mr E W Goss.
400hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1903. 16”HP, 30”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 80rpm. 15ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP.

ALSO AT HIELD BROTHERS
600hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1896. 19”HP, 34”LP X 5ft stroke. 150psi, 75rpm. 20ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Also at Brigella Mill, Bradford.

HATTERSLEY. HOWARTH
(also at Springhead, Mytholmes.)
PROVIDENCE MILL. HOWARTH
Mr F W Sunderland.
300hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1905. 12”HP, 24 ½ “LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 90rpm. 12ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves both cylinders. (1960) [scrapping date?]

MITCHELL. OLD TOWN. [HAWORTH?]
100hp single beam engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, named Mabel(?), 1851. 16”HP, 21”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 100psi, 62rpm. 13ft flywheel with 6 ropes. Air pump driven from beam. Corliss HP cylinder added and pressure raised from 85psi (by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1885?) Gear wheel near flywheel not used now. December 1961 [scrapping date?]

HOLDSWORTH. HALIFAX
Mr G E Barker. Engine named ‘Constance’.
450hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1900. 14”HP, 27 ½ “ LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 80rpm. 14ft Flywheel, 13 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Three boilers, two in use. Replaced a single beam engine, also two more engines.

BLACKBURN AND BRAY. HALIFAX
Engine named ‘Ruth’. Mr Wal Carter.
250hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1908. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 82rpm. 15ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Feed pump driven by eccentric on engine shaft. Lumb governor.

ACKROYD (SUCCESSORS). HALIFAX
CLAY PITTS MILLS. HALIFAX
Mr C Firth.
600HP TANDEM COMPOUND ENGINE BY Pollitt and Wigzell, 1924. 18”HP, 36”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. Named ‘Doris’. 150psi, 78rpm. 15ft flywheel, ? ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Lumb governor. Flywheel boarded.

HALIFAX CORPORATION TRAMWAYS
ELECTRICITY WORKS
Three 1200hp cross compound engines by Pollitt and Wigzell. (capable of overload up to 1600hp) 27”HP, 51”LP X 5ft 6” stroke (?). 150psi, 550 degrees superheat, 90rpm. 16ft plain flywheel alongside generator on engine shaft. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. ECC dynamos. One to Willowhall and one to Pellon Lane.

OATS BROTHERS. HALIFAX
Mr Cunliffe.
1100hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1922. 23”HP, 42”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 72rpm. 20ft 40 ton flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Tailrod support guides to both cylinders, (on LP side between cylinder and condenser.) Flywheel off-centre to get barring engine in.

WILLIAM MORRISS. SOWERBY BRIDGE
CORPORATION MILLS, SOWERBY BRIDGE
350hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1907. 17”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. 90psi, 80rpm. 15ft flywheel, 17 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

PROSPECT MILL. SOWERBY BRIDGE
RAMSDEN’S LTD. SOWERBY BRIDGE
500hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1885. 23”HP, 43”LP X 5ft stroke. 60psi, 68rpm. 16ft flywheel, gear drive. Slide valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

CALVERT. ILLINGWORTH
Engine named ‘Matilda’. Mr T C Tillotson.
500hp cross compound engine by Wood Brothers, 1878. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 80rpm. 14ft flywheel, belt drive. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve low. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Peculiar belt drive. LP Lt Pollitt and Wigzell cylinder. HP is Woodhouse and Mitchell cylinder. Lagged.

BOTTOMLEY’S. BUTTERSHAW
Mr Frk Metcalfe.
450hp single beam engine, 1880. 23”HP, 42”LP, X 3ft and 6ft stroke. 100psi, 56rpm. Corliss HP and slide valve LP. Airpump driven from the beam. Rebuilt by Woodhouse and Mitchell in 1`926. HP cylinder added and new beam installed. Now 650hp compound 15ft flywheel with 10 ropes instead of the old gear drive

ALSO
250hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1896. 12”HP, 24”LP X 4ft stroke. 100psi, 80rpm. 14ft flywheel, gear drive. Airpump drive from LP crosshead. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Mr Frk Metcalfe to William Holton. [change of engineer?]

ALEXANDRA MILL. HAWKSCLOUGH
ROGER SHACKLETON
100hp overhead crank engine (Grasshopper) by ?, 1840. 10”HP, 20”LP X 30/18 and 2ft/3ft stroke. 100psi, 52rpm. 12ft plain flywheel with gear drive on side of wheel. Air pump driven from grasshopper beam. Both cylinders connected to beam on fulcrum on a slide in the wall box. HP cylinder at end of beam and LP under crank. Extension of the piston rod as guide and also a parallel motion. [Full description of this engine by Arnold Throp in the Model Engineer of 13/03/58. Vol. 118, page 317.]

SHEPHERD AND BLACKBURN. SOWERBY BRIDGE
500HP TANDEM COMPOUND ENGINE BY Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1896. 16”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi (later150psi), 75rpm. 18ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Horizontal condenser near crank. Corliss HP and slide valve LP. Air pump driven by rod from slide block. Also two more mills.

PROSPECT MILLS. WEST VALE. HALIFAX
Engine named ‘Hannah’. Mr Alec Dunne.
800hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, not three rod, 1884. 19 ½ “HP, 36”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 77rpm. 18ft flywheel. Two 18” belts, 0ne 26” belt and one 14” belt. New Corliss valve cylinders in 1912. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. (P Pollard 1961)

HORSFALL. WEST VALE. HALIFAX
Engine named ‘Elizabeth’. Mr Greenwood. 750hp vertical cross compound engine by Wood Brothers, no date but marked as out in 1960. 20”HP, 40”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. 14ft flywheel, 22 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Flywheel at end of shaft. Vertical condenser with Airpump driven from crosshead. Lumb governor

WALLER BROTHERS. WEST VALE. HALIFAX
Engine named ‘Progress’. Left handed.
250hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1891. 14 ½ “HP, 25”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 80rpm. 15ft 6” flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide vale LP. Airpump driven from LP crosshead (rear) Proell governor.

ALSO
250 hp single beam compound engine by ?, no date. 22”HP, 32”LP, X 6ft stroke. 140psi, 42rpm. 20ft flywheel. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Air pump driven from beam. McNaughted by Woodhouse and Mitchell in 1901 and new steel beam fitted.

J SMITHIES. ELLAND
1100hp cross compound engine by Wood Brothers, 18??. 22” HP, 42” LP X 5ft stroke. 140psi, 70rpm. 20ft flywheel. Corliss valves. Airpump driven from LP crosshead. New LP cylinder with valves at bottom.

ELLAND DYEING COMPANY
BRIDGE END, ELLAND
350hp cross compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1920. 16”HP, 34”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves. Came from Kidderminster in 1936 arranged to drive a generator via a countershaft. Replaced a much repaired old beam engine.

VICTORIA. WEST VALE. HALIFAX
Engine named ‘Mary’. Mr Gilburn.
250hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1903. 13”HP, 24”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss HP cylinder and slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Originally a Whitehead governor, later a Lumb. Taken out 1962.

HOYLES. WEST VALE. HALIFAX
Engine named ‘Amy’. Ray Lister.
250hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1919. 10”HP, 21”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi, 90rpm. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss HP cylinder and slide valve LP. Double guide bars, runs wrong way. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Whitehead governor. Out 1962.

J SPEAK. WEST VALE. HALIFAX
Engine named ‘Alfred’. Mr H Smith. 600hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1911. 14”HP, 28” LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

ALSO
?50hp overhead crank engine by ?. 10” HP, 19” LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 90rpm. 10ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder and slide valve on LP. Built on two girders on 4 columns. Slipper guide for LP crosshead. Air pump worked from long beam on fulcrum in wall box which is part of the parallel motion for HP crosshead. Cranks at 190 degrees. [Looks like a grasshopper?]

WILKINSON. BLACKLEY. ELLAND
Engine named ‘Nancy’.
400hp cross compound engine by Ruston and Proctor, c.1890. 18” HP, 33” LP X 3ft.stroke. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Disc cranks. Trunk guides. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP.

ALSO: AT ATLAS WORKS. ELLAND
350hp vertical compound engine by Belliss and Morcom, 1911. 160psi, 375rpm. 7ft flywheel. Piston valves. Totally enclosed and pressure lubricated. Direct coupled to Parkinson 250Kw dynamo.

HOYLE. COPLEY. ELLAND
Mr Greenwood.
1500hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and E wood, Bolton, 1896. 20” HP, 32” IP and two 33” LP X 5ft stroke. 150psi,75rpm. 24ft flywheel, 40 ropes. All Corliss valves at bottom of cylinders. Airpump driven from each crosshead.

WHITWORTHS. LUDDENDEN FOOT
?50hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, no date. 14” HP, 27” LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

J MAUDE. STAINLAND
BANKHOUSE. STAINLAND
(1952. date out?] Mr G Clegg.
500hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1920. 18” HP, 36” LP X 4ft stroke. 125psi, 80rpm. 18ft flywheel, 18 ropes. All Corliss valves. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Tail rod supports to both cylinders. Lumb governor replaced by Whitehead. All power on to Metropolitan Vickers 500KVA alternator. Came from Newsome’s, Dewsbury.

RALPH BREARLEY. BRIGHOUSE
Installed 1910, Right hand engine. Rebuilt by Marsden 1949.
260hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1910. 10 ½ “ HP, 21” LP X 30” stroke. 160psi, 96rpm. 9ft flywheel, was gear drive but now 6 ropes. Corliss valves to both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Double slide bars. Proell governor. Engine runs wrong way. Eccentrics driving feed pump.

KAY AND JAGGER. ELLAND
Engine named ‘Eliza Ann’.
300hp tandem compound engine by Wood and Baldwin, 1881. 12” HP, 24” LP x 3ft stroke. All slide vale. 120psi, 80rpm. 11 ½ ft flywheel with 8ft belt pulley. Air pump horizontal behind LP cylinder. Return crank drives shaft with eccentrics for HP slide valve (outside). Double guide bars. Lumb governor. (disc crank, see Casson)

KAYE AND JAGGER. WESTBURY. ELLAND
250hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell. 1924. 10” HP, 20” LP X 3ft stroke. 150psi, 97rpm. 14ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Proell governor. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Engine runs the wrong way.
(Wood and Baldwin in 1884)

ROBERT KAYE. ELLAND
300hp tandem compound engine by Wood and Baldwin, 1856. 14” HP, 21” LP X 3ft stroke. Slide valve cylinders. 120psi, 75rpm. 12ft geared flywheel, enclosed. Airpump driven from the crankpin. HP Corliss cylinder by Woodhouse and Mitchell in 1909. Slide valve LP cylinder.

HAIGH AND HEPSTALL[SIC]. ELLAND
Engine named ‘Mary Agnes’. Left hand. Mr Charlesworth. 300hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, three rod type, 1898. 15” HP, 27” LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 84rpm. Corliss HP cylinder and slide valve LP. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.
(Haigh and Heppenstall, Bridgefield Mill.

T CASSON. MARSHFIELD MILL. ELLAND
Mr Harold Turner.
300hp tandem compound engine by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1901. 10” HP, 21” LP X 30” stroke. All Corliss valves. 150psi, 80rpm. 14ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Whitehead governor. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

J CASSON. ELLAND
350HP TANDEM COMPOUND ENGINE BY woodhouse and Mitchell, 1886. 10” HP, 21” LP X 4ft stroke. 110psi, 108rpm. 12ft flywheel, 8ft pulley, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Both cylinders have slide valves. Return crank drives shaft with eccentrics for driving the slide valve of HP cylinder on outside. LP slide valve on inside as usual. Vet low built engine. Disc crank on return shaft drives air pump.

KNOWLES BRICK AND PIPE WORKS. ELLAND
T Armstrong. 1953 (Probably date of visit because I know the engine was running in the 1970s.)
350hp tandem compound engine by Hick, Hargreaves, 1883. 13” HP, 26” LP X 4ft stroke. All Corliss gears. 85psi, 78rpm. 18ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Trunk Guides, Lumb governor. Airpump driven from crosshead. Brought from Isaac Holden’s who had six. [Daniel Meadows photographed this engine in the 1970s and said it was the dirtiest engine house and the most neglected engine he had ever seen. The floor in the engine house was covered with mud.]

D SHARRATT. ELLAND
100hp tandem compound engine by ?, 1861. 10” HP, 14” LP X 30” stroke. 80psi, 96rpm. 9ft flywheel. Old belt drive governor. Corliss HP cylinder and slide valve LP. This engine was a single cylinder, The Corliss valve HP cylinder was put in next to the crank and the old cylinder moved back to make a tandem by J Mackrell of Elland in 1905. Drive outside the engine room.

W ATKINSON. BRIGHOUSE
Engine named Mary. Mr George Sewell.
1000hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1909. 20 ½ “ HP, 42 5/8 “ LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 80rpm (later 83). 18ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Flywheel and drive in next room. Vertical shaft barring engine.[sic?]

T HELM. SPOUT MILL. RASTRICK
Engine named ‘Mary’. Mr Edwards.
600hp tandem compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1924. 16” HP, 32” LP (rear) X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 80rpm. 14ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Air pump drive from the crosshead. Proell governor. Guard right round crank. Gear drive also, in next room. Pressure now 120psi and 82rpm. Old Woodhouse and Mitchell tandem to R Buckton.

EDWARD SYKES. BARKISLAND
KRUMLIN MILL. BARKISLAND
Engine here in 1916. Mr Wadsworth. Named ‘Judith Hannah’.
200hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1899. 13” HP, 23” LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 85rpm. 12ft flywheel, 12 tons, 9 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Brought from London Omnibus company as one of a pair. £100. Used there for chaff-cutting. [Horse-drawn buses?] Two Cornish boilers with underfired stokers.

JOHN SMITH. RASTRICK
BADGER HILL MILLS. RASTRICK
Named ‘Queen Mary’. Mr Gledhill.
250hp tandem compound engine by Wood Brothers of Sowerby Bridge, 1890.
13” HP, 26” LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 81rpm. 14ft plain flywheel. 9ft pulley with 10 ropes outside engine room. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

VICTORIA MILL. EARBY
Engineer, Mr T Almond.
1ooohp triple expansion double beam engine by W and J Yates, Blackburn, 1856. 29 ½” HP, 46” IP and two 40” LP X 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. 160psi, 34rpm. 16ft, 40 ton flywheel, with 16” wide gear (driving pinion in cellar) Corliss vales on HP and slide valves on IP and LP cylinders. New crankshaft and air pumps fitted by H Brown, Sons and Pickles. Condenser underneath, separate drive. Originally 2 X 40” cylinders.

BOOTH AND SPEAK. EARBY
LOW MILL. EARBY [Arthur has this wrong, I think he is talking about Albion Shed, Earby]
450hp tandem compound engine by W Roberts, Nelson, 1890. [Engine named ‘Enterprise’] 16 ½” HP, 33” LP X 3ft stroke [actually 4ft] 140psi 65rpm [Actually 75rpm] 15ft flywheel ? ropes. [Actually 13ft and direct drive] Corliss valves on outside of HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. [Actually an Edwards air pump in the cellar.] return crank drives shaft for outside Corliss gear with two eccentrics.

BOOTH AND SPEAK. EARBY
SPRING MILL. EARBY
Engineer Mr Hedley Bradshaw.
[The first engine at Spring Mill was a 200hp cross compound by Burnley Ironworks, 1895. All Corliss valves. 11”HP, 22”LP X 3ft stroke. 12ft flywheel with 8 ropes. 120psi, 65rpm. Named ‘Alice Ann’. Removed in 1923 and sold to T Timperley and Sons, sanitary pipe makers, Sharneyford between Bacup and Todmorden. [The engine Arthur describes was installed in 1923 and came from Burgess and Ledward of Walkden who had four similar engines. Installed by Burnley Ironworks at a cost of £330 including transport. ]
450hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1894 [1899] 16”HP, 27” LP [29”] X 4ft stroke. 130psi [160], 58rpm [60] 16ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Airpump driven by bell crank from LP tail rod. Support guides. [Engine scrapped in 1968]

CROW NEST MILL. BARNOLDSWICK
Right hand HP cylinder named ‘Lily’. Left hand LP named ‘Laura’. Engineer, Mr Sidney Heaton.
1000hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1914. 21” HP, 42” LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 26ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Slipper guides. Tailrod supports. Air pump driven by bell crank off LP tail rod. [In 1951 the engine had a major smash of the LP cylinder and ran for some months on the HP with the exhaust coupled direct to the condenser. The air pump was driven by a temporary rod supported by a bearing from the LP crosshead. Scrapped December 1966.]

SLATERS. BARNOLDSWICK
CLOUGH MILL. BARNOLDSWICK
350hp tandem engine [No, it was a250hp cross compound] by Burnley Ironworks, 1913. 12”HP 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 12ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal air pump driven by LP tail rod. Whitehead governor.

The original engine at Clough c.1825 was the first steam engine in Barlick, the mill had been water-powered before this. It was a simple beam as far as we know and in 1879 a simple horizontal engine by Furneval of Haslingden was added but gave a lot of trouble and was removed in 1900 and the old engine was brought back into use. The Furneval was relocated to Walmsley Mill, Whalley and it is thought that Ashton Frost did this work, converting the engine to a compound at the same time. Newton Pickles worked on the engine at Whalley and said that it was a long, ungainly, lumbering wastrel.

WELLHOUSE MILL. BARNOLDSWICK
CALF HALL SHED COMPANY. BARNOLDSWICK
Mill built by William Bracewell of Newfield Edge in 1853. Originally powered by multiple compound beam engines,(for full description see ‘TEXTILE MILLS OF PENDLE’ by Geoff Shackleton) thought to be Yates. When the Calf Hall Shed Company bought the mill (which they owned until Silentnight bought it) the bank had brought in Rushtons of Colne to demolish the existing engines and CHSC installed one side of the eventual double tandem engine. This double engine is the one Arthur describes.

1000hp twin tandem compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1890. [First side. Second installed 1895] Two 18”HP [16 ½” actually] two 34”LP [33”] X 6ft stroke. [4ft actually] 26ft flywheel [19ft], 20 ropes. [16] 120psi [135] 60rpm. [72] Corliss valves at bottom all cylinders. [The new engine had Corliss valves at all four corners] Slipper guides. Air pump driven from LP tail rod.

BANCROFT SHED. BARNOLDSWICK
JAMES NUTTER AND SONS. BARNOLDSWICK
500hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, Phoenix Foundry, Nelson. 1924 [1920] LP cylinder named ‘Mary Jane’, HP cylinder named ‘James’. 15”HP [17”], 30” LP [34”] X 4ft 6” stroke.[4ft] 150psi [160], 72rpm. 18ft flywheel [16ft], 13 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Slipper guides. Tailrod supports. Air pump driven by bell crank from LP tail rod.

MIDGELEY. FLEECE MILL. KEIGHLEY
Engine named ‘Alice Mary’. Mr G Waddington.
750hp tandem compound engine by Marsden, 1901. (moved 1903) (1956) 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. Porter governor. 160psi, 83rpm. 18ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Corliss valves. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Cross shaft with eccentrics and governor drive.

ALSO
500hp tandem compound engine altered by Smith Brothers and Eastwood, 1900. 15”HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. Porter governor,. 160psi, 78rpm. 14ft flywheel, two 12” belts. Corliss valves. Airpump driven by eccentric. (Probably a Marsden engine.) Two Lancashire boilers 9ft X 30ft. One Lancashire boiler 7 1/2ft X 28ft.

MIDGELEY. FLEECE MILL. KEIGHLEY (part only Midgeley)

Engine named ‘Victoria’.
600hp tandem compound engine altered by Smith Brothers and Eastwood, 1900. (probably a Marsden engine). 16”HP, 33”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 80 rpm. Whitehead governor. 14ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on HP, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Altered in 1927, direction reversed. Alternator drive.

ALSO
200hp inverted vertical enclosed compound engine by Browett and Lindley. 160psi, 735rpm. Direct coupled to 110volt 700 amp DC generator.
Now two package boilers. All out in 1956.

DOBROYD. HUDDERSFIELD
JACKSON BRIDGE. HUDDERSFIELD
Mr Butterworth.
400hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, (1932) 1924. 24” diameter cylinder X 24” stroke. Drop valves to inlet. 160psi, 140rpm. 12ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Whitehead governor and rope driven air pump.

ALSO
400hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, (1920) 1937. 24” diameter cylinder X 24” stroke. Drop valve inlets. 160psi, 9 ropes. Governor on eccentric shaft. No tailrod. Air pump driven from crank at end of shaft. Flywheel outside room on a shaft coupled to engine.

ALSO
220hp vertical compound engine by Allen, Bradford. 11.5”HP, 17.5”LP X 8” stroke. 160psi, 500rpm. 15psi exhaust steam to mill process. All enclosed. Piston valves. Direct coupled to Generator. All above engines drive 3 phase alternators.

J SYKES. HUDDERFIELD
ROCK MILL. BROCKHOLES. HUDDERSFIELD
Mr Nightingale.
1000hp double compound beam engine by ?, 1870. Two22”HP, two30”LP, X 33” and 5ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 52rpm. 24ft flywheel, 14 ropes. New Corliss HP cylinders in 1900 by Schofield and Taylor, Huddersfield. Slide valve LP. New rope flywheel replaces gears. Engine now runs reverse way. Air pumps and feed pump driven by rods from the beam. The flywheel was altered by fixing a new rim on pedestals on the old spokes which made it a larger diameter than the original gear wheel.

ALSO
80hp tandem compound engine by Ball and Wood, New York. 250rpm, coupled direct to DC generator.

ALSO
20hp single cylinder horizontal engine, no name or date, Belt drive. 10” diameter cylinder X 20” stroke. 100rpm.

JOB BEAUMONT. HUDDERSFIELD
Milnsbridge. Huddersfield
Mr Reg Wood.
500hp tandem compound engine by J&E Wood, Bolton, 1903. 16”HP, 29”LP X 4ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 140psi, 67rpm. 20ft flywheel, 11 ropes. All valves at bottom of the cylinder. No trip to LP inlet valves. Air pump driven from crosshead.

F FIRTH. HUDDERSFIELD
CELLARS CLOUGH. SLAITHWAITE
250HP SINGLE BEAM ENGINE. 15”hp, 24”lp x 2FT AND 4FT STROKE. 100PSI, 46RPM. 17FT FLYWHEEL, 3 ROPES. Slide valve LP cylinder, Corliss HP cylinder added. Air pump drive by rod from the beam. Spur gear drive to mill. Rope drive goes to the generator. No maker’s name or date.

TITANIC. HUDDERSFIELD
TITANIC LINTHWAITE
Mr H Wood.
850hp tandem compound engine by Mark Shaw, Milnsbridge, 1911. 18”HP, 36”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 150psi, 72rpm. 18ft flywheel, 20 ropes. All valves at the bottom of the cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

E COTTON. HUDDERSFIELD
LINTHWAITE
1961.
150hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1904. 10”HP, 19”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 100rpm. 12ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss HP and slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder

EDWIN SHAW. SLAITHWAITE
Engine named ‘Elizabeth’. Mr Bamforth.
250hp overhead crank compound engine by Schofield and Taylor, 1887. 11”HP, 22”LP X 3ft 6” and 3ft stroke. Slide valves. 150psi, 60rpm. 12ft enclosed flywheel with gears. Both piston rods on to long beam fulcrumed on a swinging arm to bed and protruding below. HP piston rod extends up to a guide bush. Feed pump and air pump driven from beam. Parallel motion levers to swinging beam. Lumb governor. Balanced crank. Gear drive 5ft jack wheel on to 3ft spur wheel.
[This is the grasshopper taken out by Duncan Smith and re-erected in a new engine house at Wortley Forge museum.]

J KENYON. DENBY DALE
150hp overhead crank compound engine by ?, installed 1903. 14”HP, 26”LP X 3ft stroke. Slide valves. 85psi, 60rpm. 14ft flywheel X 30” wide. Overhung crank. Flywheel in centre. No Guides, parallel motion to crossheads. One lever extends to drive air pump. Plain slide valve on LP cylinder. A trip valve arrangement on HP cylinder behind main valve worked by extra eccentric and control rod. Engine bearings on long I girders wall to wall and supported by similar vertical girders anchoring parallel motions. Right and left hand cranks at 180 degrees. Two 12” belt drives to mill, one very short with jockey wheel.

E CROWTHER. SLAITHWAITE
Engine named ‘Lizzie’. Mr Carr.
250hp tandem compound three rod engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1910. 14 ½”HP, 28”LP X 2ft 9” stroke. 150psi, 83rpm. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. 3ft gear on crankshaft drives 5ft gear below floor with bevel driven vertical shaft to all floors.
ALSO
220hp enclosed vertical compound engine by Belliss and Morcom. 500rpm direct coupled to Brush generator, 400v, 187Kva. 12”HP, 18”LP X 8” stroke.
ALSO
A 40hp water turbine which replaced a water wheel. New oil-fired Ruston boiler November 1963.
[Both engines taken out and stored by Robert Aram.]


W POCSON. SLAITHWAITE
Mr Armitage.
600hp tandem compound engine by J and E Wood, 1911. 17”HP, 33”LP X 5ft stroke. 140psi, 80rpm. 18ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Corliss valves both cylinders. All in normal position. Air pump drive from crosshead.

CHAS. MOON. NEW MILL
Mr A Doyle.
300hp tandem compound engine by Schofield and Taylor, 1912. 13”HP, 25 ½”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 88rpm. 14ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Corliss HP cylinder and slide valve LP. Return crank drives two eccentrics for outside Corliss valves. Lumb governor. Air pump driven from crosshead. Old beam engine of 36” diameter and 6ft stroke. Beam broke Christmas 1936(?).

Z HINCHCLIFFE. DENBY DALE
600hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Sulzer Brothers, 1910. 28” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. 140psi, 142rpm. 14ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Drop valve inlets. Air pump drive from crankpin. Enclosed engine.

ALSO
350hp cross compound engine by Schofield and Taylor, 1895. 16”HP, 29”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 75rpm. 16ft flywheel. Corliss HP and slide valve LP. Air pump driven from crosshead.

KITSON. DENBY DALE
450hp single cylinder engine by Galloway, 1910, installed here in 1938. 28” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. Non-condensing. 100psi, 93rpm. 14ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Piston valve with cut-off controlled by governor. Sliding link. Eccentric on gear driven shaft. Trunk guides bolted to cylinder and box bed at front.

NORTON. SCISSETT
Mr Armitage and Mr Radley.
350hp tandem compound three rod engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1886. 13£HP, 26”LP X 5ft stroke. 100psi, 55rpm. 18ft plain flywheel x 18” wide. Corliss valves on HP and slide valves on LP. Whitehead governor. Gear drive. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

FAIRLEA. LUDDENDEN FOOT
Engines named ‘Energy’ and ‘Enterprise’.
800hp vertical cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1890. 21”HP, 42”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. All Corliss valves. 180psi, 91rpm. 16ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Balanced cranks, flywheel in centre. Double Cast Iron support columns. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

W ROUSE. HALIFAX
900hp tandem compound three rod type compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1890. 90psi, 74rpm. 17ft flywheel, belt drive. Slide valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Two 22” and two 16” belts.

FIRTH BROTHERS. SHEPLEY
(T Joseph Ranks, Hull first and here from Ell. Whiteley.)
600hp triple expansion vertical engine by Wood Brothers 1909, here in 1940. 18”HP, 28”IP and 40”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. Double Cast Iron support columns. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Corliss valves on all cylinders. All power to 3 phase alternator by ECC, 500KVA, 440v.

BARBER BROTHERS. HOLMBRIDGE
450hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Clayton and Goodfellow, 1922. 20” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. Drop valve inlets. 170psi, 150rpm. 12ft flywheel, 9ft rope pulley. 3phase ECC alternator driven at 375rpm by 9 ropes. Rope driven air pump. Web crank. Three bearing crankshaft. Tailrod support. Whitehead governor. Bought 1950 from Ribchester

WASHPIT MILL. HOMFIRTH
Mr Lodge.
600hp tandem compound three rod type engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1909. 18”HP, 35”LP X 4ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 180psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

ALSO
F & Chalmers [Fraser and Chalmers of Erith?] steam turbo alternator. Exhausts to mill or LP cylinder on engine. 6000RPM, geared down to 600rpm direct coupled 3 phase alternator. Uses YEB mains at off-peak hours.
[Engine named Agnes. Finished working on July 16th 1980. Looked after by Herbert White the engineer as a hobby. Herbert died in 1997. Removed to Tom Nuttall’s Markham Grange museum in 1998 and re-erected there in steam. ]

R BEANLAND. CLAYTON WEST
Engine named ‘Sylvia’.
650hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1903. 17”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 20ft flywheel, 21 ropes. Corliss valve on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

ALBION MILLS. THONG BRIDGE
Engine named ‘John Woodhead’?. Mr Fisher.
300hp tandem compound engine by Pearson and Spur of Birstall, 1865. 14 ¼” HP, 28 1.2” LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 60rpm. 20ft flywheel with jack wheel. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Altered by Schofield and Taylor in 1`9??. This was a simple engine, a new cylinder made to replace the original in 190?. Then this cylinder was moved back and a new LP cylinder put on in front. Airpump driven from crosshead. Return crank drive for the governor.

GLOBE SPINNING COMPANY. SLAITHWAITE
1250hp cross compound engine by Daniel Adamson, 18??. 25”HP, 53”LP X 6ft stroke. 160psi, 58rpm. 24ft flywheel, 28 ropes. Lumb Governor.

ALSO
300hp tandem compound.

NELSON BROTHERS. TODMORDEN
MILLSTEAD MILL. TODMORDEN
Mr Appleyard.
400hp tandem compound engine by Wood Brothers, Sowerby Bridge, 1874. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 62rpm. 17ft heavy built-up flywheel. Both cylinders have slide valves. Was a single cylinder with air pump driven by bell crank from tail rod. HP cylinder added to rear in 1900, bed extended and another slipper guide added between the cylinders with a crosshead. Original drive to the air pump left undisturbed. Alterations by Ebor Engineering Company. Whitehead governor on the throttle. Bevel gear drive outside the engine house . Bow window built on engine room to pass new HP cylinder.

FIELDEN BROTHERS. TODMORDEN
WATERSIDE MILL. TODMORDEN
Mr Baron and son.
1250hp double beam engine by Clayton Goodfellow, 1889. 2 x 30”HP, 2 x 45”LP, 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. 95psi. 25rpm (later 28rpm). 28ft (70 ton) flywheel, 34” wide. Slide valves on all cylinders. Slow speed governor. Air pumps driven by rods from each beam. Engine in centre of mill. Flywheel has internal teeth on each side and a large pinion drives each half of the mill. Named ‘Sam’ and ‘John’. Fine engine but poor room. Replaced two single beam engines which ran 1828 to 1889. This is a very old mill which originally had a very large and wide undershot water wheel.

ROSS MILL. BACUP
J HOYLE. BACUP
Mr C Williams.
4000hp twin tandem compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1911. Two 26”HP, two 54”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 70rpm (was 68rpm). 27ft flywheel, 86 tons, 68 ropes. Trunk guides. Tail rod support guides. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Airpump driven from each tail rod. LPs are at rear. Support guides between cylinders. 6” stay bolt between each pair of cylinders. 13” x 16” long crank pin. Longest rope 303ft (centres?)
[George Watkins says it ran on 160psi. He also says that first half of the engine was installed in 1912 and the second half in 1921. The engine ran at 3000hp regularly and on one occasion when one side failed, the remaining side ran at 2000hp. George says 66ropes and also that the engine was stopped in 1963/64.]

WILLIAM HARGREAVES. BACUP
250hp cross compound engine by J Petrie, 1909. 15”HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, Slide valve on LP. Very large horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Slipper guides. Enclosed engine. German governor.

T WEST. TODMORDEN
VALE MILL. TODMORDEN
250hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell. 14”HP, 29”LP, X 3ft stroke. 110pasi, 72rpm. 12ft flywheel, 6 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Whitehead governor.

LORD BROTHERS. TODMORDEN
STOCKHILL MILLS. TODMORDEN
200hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, 1867. Gear drive. 5ft stroke. 100psi, 30rpm. 18ft flywheel. New HP cylinder has Corliss valves at top. LP has slide valve with eccentric driven by a return crank. Air pump driven by crank at the end of this shaft.

FIELDEN AND RIGG. TODMORDEN
BANCROFT MILL. TODMORDEN
Single cylinder horizontal engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell. [Fielden and Rigg were warp sizers.]

??. TODMORDEN
?hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, 18??. Gear drive. HP Corliss valves, all at top of cylinder. Slide valve on LP with eccentric on return crank shaft. Air pump driven from eccentric.

CRABTREE AND FARROW. TODMORDEN
300hp cross compound engine by Scott and Hodgson. No details except Corliss HP and slide valve LP. Whitehead governor. (Carfield Mill, Portsmouth)?

MONS MILL. TODMORDEN
[Originally called Hare Mill but name changed to Mons when Carel invested in firm.]
Sam Mathews[sic], Lancashire Cotton Corporation. Mr H Haigh.
3000hp cross compound engine by Carel Freres of Ghent, Belgium, 1913. 39 ¾”HP. 72 5/8” LP. X 4ft 9 ½” stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. Drop valves on both cylinders. 25ft flywheel, 70 ropes. Trunk guides and tail rod supports. Cylinder steam-jacketed. Airpump LP side from HP crankpin. Water-cooled main bearings. Mishap to barring engine (1961) new one bought from Moston Mill.
[George Watkins reported but 4ft 7 ½” stroke. Designed to run the double mill at 200psi but second half never built because of subsidence and bad trade. Five boilers installed with room for two more for full installation. Flywheel 13ft 8” wide for 69 ropes. Weighed 130 tons with crankshaft. Engine dismantled in 1964 and mill closed in 1968. Newton Pickles saw engine running and said it was rough and a wastrel, no doubt partly because it was running below designed pressure and load. This was the largest Carel engine brought into Lancashire.]

WILLIAM GREAVES. BACUP
100hp tandem compound engine by ?, 1888. 10”HP, 18”LP, X 20” stroke. 100psi, 70 – 110rpm. 10ft flywheel, 10” belt. Slide valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser driven by rod from one side of crosshead through trunk guides. Disc crank.

SIR H W TRICKETT. WATERFOOT
SLIPPER FACTORY. WATERFOOT
200HP TANDEM COMPOUND ENGINE BY w Sharples., 1900. 13”HP, 25”LP, 30” stroke. 160psi (now 80psi), 1900. Left hand engine. 10ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Single support guide to LP cylinder. Tailrod driving bell crank to air pump. Slide valves on both cylinders. Expansion valve on HP valve. Controlled by ? governor in drum on crankshaft which alters stroke of Expansion eccentric. ‘Janie’, HP at front, ‘Elsie’, HP at rear.

JAMES ASHWORTH. BACUP
ACRE MILL. BACUP
250hp tandem compound engine. No details except that it ran at 69rpm, had Corliss valves on HP and Piston Valve on LP. Runs the wrong way.

BUTTERWORTH. WATERFOOT
Mr H Hunt.
600hp cross compound engine by S S Stott, 1911. 17”HP, 35”LP X 4ft stroke. Corliss valves. 160psi, 75rpm. 15ft built-up heavy flywheel. Single support guide to LP tailrod which drives bell crank to air pumps, two 20” diameter X 14” stroke. Corliss gear with sliding block. [Sounds like Dobson block motion] Inlet valves rods drop down onto die. Slipper guides. Forked connecting rods. Very noisy steel driving gears, 11ft X 104 teeth at 4” pitch on to 7ft X 64 teeth. LH cylinder, HP, named ‘Agnes’. RH, LP, named A
‘Amy’.

??

SILK MILL. COLNE
600HP Tandem triple expansion engine by Yates and Thom. Left hand, 1891. 16”HP, 26”IP, 34”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 77rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Flywheel outside engine room in shed.
[I have no idea which engine is referred to here. Certainly not in Colne, Lancs to my knowledge. The date ascribed to the engine is interesting. To the best of my knowledge the Yates firm started in 1826, It may have been a partnership, J&D Yates, this later became J&W Yates and was incorporated as Yates and Company in 1889 According the Register of Defunct Companies, A Receiver for the debenture stock holders was appointed and an unspecified dividend paid in November 1905. removed from the register in 1906. Yates and Thom Ltd was registered in 1905 but went into voluntary liquidation on 15th June 1927. The capital was returned to the shareholders and a final meeting held on 23rd March 1929. This was almost certainly a re-structuring of the company as, to the best of my knowledge it continued trading. I suspect as Foster Yates and Thom Ltd. Therefore on the face of it there could not be a ‘Yates and Thom engine in 1891 as the company wasn’t registered until 1905. However! On 11th December 1893 wrote to Yates and Thom about a new steel boiler for their Clarence Mill. So it looks as though Yates and Thom were trading under that name before 1893 and so this date could be right. It ain’t easy!)]

A AND F PICKLES. COLNE
200hp tandem compound engine by William Roberts, 1927. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 130psi, 85rpm. 12ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Slipper guides. Air pump driven by bell crank from LP tail rod.

BLACK CARR. TRAWDEN
250hp tandem compound engine by William Roberts, 1871. 13”HP, 26”LP X 4ft stroke. Slide valves on both cylinders. 100psi, 56rpm. 11ft flywheel, 24” belt. Air pump driven from crosshead. HP cylinder has expansion gear on SV, outside. Return shaft drives two eccentrics and governor. Governor is large old type at 36rpm. Double slide bars. Governor controls throttle?.

VIVARY MILL. COLNE
200hp tandem compound engine by William Sharples [of Ramsbottom] , 1890? 16”HP, 30”LP X 3ft stroke. Right hand engine. 120psi, 80rpm. 12ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Slide valve LP and Corliss valves on HP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Double slide bar guides. Large diameter second motion pulley.
[Shackleton has same basic details but 1893, 10 ropes, 100psi, 250hp. HP named ‘George’, LP named ‘Mary’. Lumb governor fitted in April, 1926. This mill originally had an unknown beam engine, replaced in 1915 by this second hand Sharples engine brought from Huddersfield]

THOMAS MASON. COLNE
PRIMET MILL. COLNE
500hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, 1890. 17”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. All slide valves. 150psi, 60rpm. 20ft heavy built up flywheel, 8 ropes. Old type governor controls. Cam driven trip valves on HP cylinder behind S valve. Return crank drives eccentrics. Air pump drive from crosshead.
[Geoff Shackleton: dated 1884. 250hp. 16”HP and 30”LP. 18ft flywheel. 90psi. Originally ran on 75psi.]

ALSO.
200hp single beam engine by Roberts, 1835. 16”HP X 4ft stroke. 26”LP X 6ft stroke. 15ft flywheel with inside teeth driving 4ft gear. Horizontal HP cylinder added and built in next room and fastened to wall. Very old Watt governor. Air pump driven by rod from beam. 60rpm?.
[Shackleton: Pusher cylinder 14” diameter. 27”LP, 54” stroke. 18ft flywheel, 10ft diameter jack gear on side. 90psi, 36rpm. 250hp. Steam pressure was raised from 75psi to 90psi in 1930s. Originally 2 Lancashire boilers, in 1938 replaced with single oil-fired boiler.]

WALK MILL. COLNE
E AND P RILEY. COLNE
Mr P Galtry.
600hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, 1907. 17”HP, 34”LP X 3ft stroke. Corliss valves. 150psi, 82rpm. 16ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Slipper guides. Robert’s governor. No air pump on engine.
[Shackleton: Both engines shared same engine house. Dated 1905. 16”HP, 27 ½”LP. 42” stroke. 350hp. 150psi 78rpm. ‘Wind boarding’ on flywheel is sheet steel. This engine and the later 1906 engine replaced a 30hp beam engine possibly by Bracewell of Burnley and a waterwheel.]

ALSO
300hp tandem compound engine by William Roberts, 1907. 15”HP, 30”LP X 3ft stroke. 14ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Slipper guides. 80rpm. No air pump on the engine. Brequet condenser installed by Hick Hargreaves with double centrifugal pump which deals with the exhaust from both engines.
[Shackleton: 1906. 250hp. 150psi. 13 ½”HP, 26”LP. 150psi. 11ft flywheel. Hick-Brequet patent jet condenser fitted in 1920 by Hick Hargreaves. Previously both engines had crosshead driven air pumps. C.1956 the tandem was retired and the cross compound ran both sheds. As number of looms fell consideration was given to re-commissioning the tandem to drive both but the idea was abandoned. Both engines scrapped in October 1972.]

BRIERFIELD MILL COMPANY
LATER SMITH AND NEPHEW TEXTILES LIMITED
SOUTH SHED. BRIERFIELD
1200hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J Petrie, Rochdale, 1895. 18”HP, 28”IP, two 32”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 61rpm. 24ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Piston valves on all cylinders.
[Shackleton records: This engine drove the South sheds and replaced a vertical engine by William Bracewell, Burnley. 1000hp. 18”, 28” and two 32” cylinders X54” stroke. 62rpm. 24ft flywheel, 36 ropes. ]
[Watkins records: JOHN PETRIE AND CO, WHITEHALL ST, ROCHDALE.
(Established 1816) Brierfield Mills, Brierfield, Nr Burnley, Lancs. Cotton Spinning and Weaving. Following the successful use of piston-valves on their beam engines, Petrie’s continued to use them on their horizontal engines, of which Brierfield had three, all triple expansion. The spinning mill engine, probably replacing a beam engine, was built in 1894 to develop 1,500hp at 57rpm. The cylinders were 24, 36, 42, and 42in bore by 5 ft stroke, all with twist cut-off piston-valves, and with internal valves for the high-and intermediate-cylinders. The low-pressure cylinders were nearer to the cranks, each with its own condenser, with air pumps driven from the crankpins. The 24ft flywheel drove by 36 ropes. Eight Petrie boilers provided steam at 160psi for the three Petrie, and one Burnley Ironworks engines, all of which were scrapped when another group took the mills in 1959.

ALSO
900hp triple expansion tandem engine by j Petrie, Rochdale, no date. 17”HP, 24”IP, 45”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, ?rpm. 22ft flywheel, ?ropes. Piston valves on all cylinders.
[Shackleton records: 750hp. 17”, 24” and two 45” X 5ft stroke. 22ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Governed on the throttle. Dated 1885. Trunk guides. ]

ALSO. SPINNING MILL
1500hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J Petrie, 1894. 23”HP, 35”IP, two 40”LP, X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 57rpm. 24ft flywheel, 36 ropes, piston valves to all cylinders.
[Shackleton records basically the same information. ]

ALSO
450hp twin tandem compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1906/1921. Two 12”HP, two22”LP X 30” stroke. 16psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Corliss valves to all cylinders. Said to be a single tandem which was doubled in 1926. Named ‘Dyson’ and ‘Tunstall’. Out in 1958 according to George Watkins.
[Shackleton records 90 rpm. 12 ½”HP, 25”LP and 13 ½”HP, 27”LP. Both 3ft stroke. 14ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Right hand engine was BI order 49/1906 and left hand engine was BI order 149/1920. The drawings of 1906 showed a full twin tandem. Last used 1954 and scrapped 1958. Shackleton also records that Henry Tunstill installed a steam engine in 1838 but no record of it exists. William Bracewell of Burnley built a large double beam engine for the mill in 1868. Precise details not known but thought to be comparable to a similar Bracewell engine fitted at Dalton Mills, Keighley in 1876 ]

VALE MILL. NELSON
BUILT BY NELSON ROOM AND POWER COMPANY IN 1886
750hp cross compound engine by William Roberts of Nelson, 1888. 24”HP, 38”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. All Corliss valves. 140psi, 55rpm. 18ft very heavy built up flywheel, with 14ft jack wheel gear driving 6ft pinion. Double slide bars. Whitehead governor. Air pump drive from crosshead.
[Shackleton records: 580hp. 22 ¼”HP with Slide valve cut-off gear. 5ft stroke. HP named ‘Rachel’, LP named ‘Minnie’. 53rpm. Rebuilt with new Corliss valved cylinders in 1924. Double helical gear drive 13ft diameter X 12” wide. Steam superheated to 480 degrees.]

ALSO
450HP VERTICAL COMPOUND ENGINE BY William Roberts, 1891. 20”HP, 36”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 80rpm. 15ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Very massive construction. Airpump drive from crosshead. Old type Robert’s governor.
[Shackleton record: 400hp. 17”HP named ‘Marie’. 36”LP named ‘Alice’. 3ft stroke. 14ft flywheel. Dated 1907. Steam superheated to 480 degrees.]

MARSDEN MILL. NELSON
Mr J Marsden. Mill built in 1907 by the Marsden Mill Company.
750hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1912. 14”HP, 27”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. Corliss valves. 175psi, 65rpm. 22ft flywheel, 20 ropes. All valves at bottom of cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.
[Shackleton records: 1911. 20”HP and 39”LP. 160psi, 67rpm. 18ft flywheel, 18 ropes. 800hp.]

ALSO
1000hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1913. 20”HP, 40”LP X 4ft stroke. 175psi, 60rpm. 22ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders on corners. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.
[Shackleton records: 1000hp. 1907. 21”HP, 42”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 20ft flywheel. The two engines were located in two separate engine houses, one on each side of the boiler house. Steam for the 1907 engine was from two 8ft 6” diam X 32ft Lancashire boilers by Galloway. Fitted with superheaters. In 1912 the third boiler was installed and space made for a fourth. Galloway’s supplied the third boiler but the maker of the fourth is not known. At this extension the superheaters were by passed and the pressure raised to 175psi on saturated steam.]

SPRING BANK MILLS. NELSON
Mr Henry Rigby.
850hp quadruple expansion vertical engine by L Musgrave of Bolton, 1893. 15 ½”HP, 18 ½”IP, 26”IP, 37”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 210psi, 90rpm. Flywheel in centre, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Overhung crank at each end of the main shaft with two cylinders acting on it via a triangulated connecting rod using a type of parallel motion one lever of which extends to operate a vertical air pump. Cranks set at 180 degrees. (see engine at Eckersley, Wigan)
[Shackleton records: 750hp. 1892. 13 ½”, 18 ½”, 26”, 37” X 42”stroke. 200psi. 14ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Engine named ‘Victory’. First ran in April 1893. In 1924 Roberts’ supplied a new HP cylinder. The cylinder was re-bored at least twice and an insurance report of 1961 records the bore as 15 ¾”. The engine was scrapped c.1964 when the mill was electrified.]

NELSON COOPERATIVE SOCIETY
50hp single cylinder horizontal engine by T and R Lees, 1908. 15” diameter X 24” stroke. Slide valve. 100psi, 75rpm. (ft plain flywheel. 6 ft rope pulley, 4 ropes. Trunk guides. Non-condensing.

PENDLE STREET MILL. NELSON
Engine named ‘Isobel’ and ‘Nellie’.
1200hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, Nelson, 1885. 24”HP, 48”LP X 6ft stroke. 160psi, 47 ½ rpm. 18ft, 50 ton, built up flywheel. Air pump drive from LP crosshead. Was a slide valve engine but later had Corliss valves. LP inlet valves are inside and driven from eccentrics on main shaft. HP valves and LP exhaust valves are all outside and driven by eccentrics on two short shafts driven by return crank on each side of the engine. Whitehead governor. Double slide bars. New Corliss cylinders by Roberts, 190?. 14ft gear next to flywheel drives 7ft gear on second motion shaft in engine room with four sets of bevel gears. Inverted vertical barring engine. 3 oil-fired boilers. Two in use.
[Shackleton reports: LP cylinder was 46 ½” diameter after rebuild of 1923. Earlier Cylinders were slide with cut-off gear on the HP. Also reports new helical second motion gear and shaft by Brown and Pickles in 1926. This may be an error, Newton Pickles said they used the original gear, it was the shaft that broke. The engine ran for the last time on 27th June 1969. (See Lancashire Textile Project, Newton Pickles evidence for first hand description of the engine which he ran for many months when the engineer was sick)]

GLENFIELD MILL. NELSON
WILLIAM UTTLEY LTD
600hp cross compound engine by William Roberts., 1910. 16”HP, 35”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 73rpm. 16ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.
[Shackleton records: 17 ½”HP. Otherwise same. In later years the engine room also contained a small British Thompson Houston steam turbo alternator set.]

J SUNDERLAND, SONS AND COMPANY. NELSON
OAK BANK MILL. NELSON
400hp triple expansion engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1897. 12 ½”HP, 18”IP, 30 ¼”LP X 4ft stroke. 175psi, 75rpm. 18ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss HP and IP, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Lumb governor. H Brown and Pickles re-bored HP and IP 4/7/1962. [Note that this was during annual Wakes holiday.]
[Shackleton reports: 18 ½”IP, 30”LP. 180psi, 80rpm. P&W order number O.149 stated that the engine should be ‘like Bankfield’, referring to the mill at the bottom of Hallam Road. Engine cost £1605 plus £120 for erection.]

THOMAS FLETCHER AND SON LTD. NELSON
DALE MILL. NELSON
250hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, 1914. 13 ¼”HP, 26 ½”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 86rpm. 14ft flywheel, 7 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.
[Shackleton records 300hp. Mill wove out in 1967.]

F O LAMBERT. NELSON
LOMESHAYE BRIDGE MILL. NELSON
300hp tandem compound engine by Scott and Hodgson, 1900. 16”HP, 32”LP X 3ft stroke. 100psi, 83rpm. 14ft flywheel, 12” steel belt. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Airpump driven from crosshead. Whitehead governor.
[Shackleton records: date 1901?. 14”HP, 28”LP. The10ft flywheel originally drove the mill by9 ropes but was later converted to a steel belt about 1/8” thick which gave good service. The mill was originally driven by a beam engine which had been McNaughted. In 1882 a larger compound beam engine was installed after the mill was enlarged. Both beam engines ran into the 20th century with the older engine being retained until about 1933. The 1882 engine was removed following a flywheel smash in 1911 and was replaced by the second hand Scott and Hodgson. This engine ran until 1963 when the mill was electrified.]

DANIEL WALTON LTD. NELSON
ALBERT MILL. NELSON
1000hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by William Sharples, 18??. All Corliss valves. 80rpm. Gear drive from flywheel. Air pump driven from each crosshead.
[Shackleton records: In 1863 when the mill opened it was powered by a double beam engine built by Bracewell and Griffiths of Burnley. Two new beams in 1886 and two new cylinders in January 1890. In 1895 the new Sharples engine was installed in a new engine house. It was said to be the largest that the firm made. The drive was via gear wheels which were very noisy. William Roberts made a new flywheel, main gear and second motion gear to speed the engine up to 80rpm. This was done in 1924. The engine was still running in 1942 but by 1953 the mill had been electrified. Original engine dimensions were: 1000hp. 16”HP, 35”IP, two 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 80rpm. Flywheel 18ft diameter, gear ?ft. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Burnley Ironworks supplied a new vertical air pump and condenser in 1924. The 16”HP cylinder was a BI replacement in 1920. New boilers were installed for the Sharples engine in 1895. No tail rods.]

TAYLOR AND CLARKSON. BURNLEY
BRENNAND MILL. BURNLEY
500hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1926. 22”HP, 44”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 72rpm. 18ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Corliss valves. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. HP cylinder is Left hand.
[SCG comment. This figure for hp looks conservative to me given the dimensions. Also number of ropes indicates higher horse power.]

HOLLIN BANK. BRIERFIELD
Mr Albert Farrer
750hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, 1890. 22”HP, 35”LP X 5ft stroke. Slide valves. 120psi, 57 1/2rpm. 20ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Return crank drag shaft with governor centre 4”(?). LP slide valve driven from LP crosshead. Air pump drive from LP crosshead.

HENDON ROOM AND POWER COMPANY. NELSON
HENDON MILLS. NELSON
Engine named ‘Norah’.
700hp triple expansion three cylinder engine by William Roberts, 1900. 14 ½”HP, 21”IP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 76rpm. 18ft flywheel. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Corliss HP(?), slide valve LP. Double guide bars. Out 1960.
[Shackleton records: 500hp. 21 ¼”IP and 36 3/8”LP. 74rpm. 16ft flywheel, 13 ropes. Load on engine was sometimes 700hp and they had trouble with the beds coming loose. Fitted with a Bee governor and one of only two triple expansion engines made by Roberts. ALSO: 80hp tandem compound engine by Thomas Robinson of Rochdale installed in 1930s in a room next to main engine. Used for driving tape machines when uneconomical to run the main engine. Tailrod condenser and Proell governor.. Mill had two Lancashire boilers.]

FINSLEY MILL. BURNLEY
WHITHAM’S. BURNLEY

Mr Walter Tate.
760hp triple expansion vertical engine by J Musgrave, Bolton. 1891. 16 ½”HP, 26”IP, 42”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 10psi, 70rpm. 20ft flywheel, two belt drives; one 38” X 140ft. One 26” wide X 90ft. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump belt driven. Lumb governor. Out in 1958 according to A E Lyon. 3 Lancashire boilers, 7ft 6” X 30ft. Triplex type, 3 cylinders side by side on single crank.

PLUMBE STREET MILL. BURNLEY
WHITHAM’S WEAVING DEPT
800hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, 1898. 22”HP, 46”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. All Corliss valves. 24ft flywheel, ? ropes. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Lancashire boilers 8ft 6” X 30ft. New LP cylinder by H Brown and Pickles in 1954 according to George Watkins. Finished 1960.
[See Newton Pickles tape 78/AG/08 in Lancashire Textile Project for this job. Also 78/AG/12 for staking the flywheel on this engine.]

IMPERIAL MILL. BURNLEY
JOHN SPENCER. BURNLEY
650hp cross compound engine by Wm Roberts, 1905. 17”HP, 34 ½”LP X 5ft stroke. 150psi, 67rpm. 19ft flywheel, 13 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Like Stuttard’s engine.

TRAFALGAR SHED. BURNLEY
KEIGHLEY’S. BURNLEY
250HP INVERTED VERTICAL CROSS COMPOUND ENGINE BY William Sharples, 1898. 14”HP, 24”LP X 24” stroke. 120psi, 110rpm. 6ft 6” flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Two web cranks, flywheel at end of shaft.

T BURROWS. BURNLEY
BRITANNIA MILL. BURNLEY
850hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks Company, 1912. 20”HP, 42”LP X 5ft b6” stroke. 150psi, 65rpm. 20ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Whitehead governor. (Similar engine to Coronation Mill.)

MASON, WEST AND BATHER. HARLE SYKE
KINGS MILL. HARLE SYKE
450hptandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1912. 16”HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 85rpm. 16ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

BEN THORNBER. BURNLEY
DANES HOUSE MILL. BURNLEY
650hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1912. 21”HP, 40”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 73rpm. 18ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves. Airpump driven?

WALMSLEY’S. BURNLEY
PEEL MILL. BURNLEY
1250hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by Burnley Ironwork Company, 1896. 18”HP, 27”IP, two 28” LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 64rpm. 24ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Airpump drive from each crosshead. All valves at bottom of cylinder.

T HAYTHORNTHWAITE AND SON. BURNLEY
LODGE MILL. BURNLEY
Mr Pickles.
450hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1906. 16”HP, 31”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 78rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal air pump behind LP cylinder.

LANCASTERS. BURNLEY
SPRINGFIELD SHED. BURNLEY
Two engines: 500hp tandem compound three rod type engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1896. 16”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 78rpm. 18ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP.

HARTLEY SPENCER. BURNLEY
STANLEY STREET MILL. BURNLEY
100hp tandem compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1893. 8 ½”HP, 17”LP X 28” stroke. 100psi, 104rpm. ?ft flywheel, 4 ropes. Both cylinders slide valve on same eccentric. Air pump horizontal opposite crank driven by a rod from one guide. Expansion valve on HP cylinder controlled by Hartnell governor. [Small mill, heald yarn doublers.]

SHARP THORNBER LTD. BURNLEY
PARK SHED. BURNLEY
700hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, Bolton, 1907. 23”HP, 46”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. Drop valves. 160psi, 90rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Air pump driven from crosshead. Trunk guides. LP cylinder on left named ‘Florence’. Hp named ‘Margaret’.

LEE BANK MILL. NELSON
LEE BANK SHEETING COMPANY. NELSON
Mr Peel.
400hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, 1914. 15”HP, 29”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 16ft flywheel, 9 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Sliding horizontal dashpots. Whitehead governor.
[Shackleton records: 13 ½”HP and 27”LP. 380hp. 14ft flywheel, 8 ropes. 9this data comes from the original manufacturer’s drawing. British Engine Insurance Company’s reports 1950/1968 consistently record the HP as being 14 ½” diameter. Perhaps it was replaced at some time?. Corliss motion was Whitehead design. All weaving stopped in 1972 when Silentnight bought the mill from the Spirella Group. There was an attempt to save the engine in 1973 but this failed and it was scrapped.]

RICHARD STUTTARD LTD (1893). BURNLEY
PRIMROSE MILL. BURNLEY
650hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, 1903. 17”HP, 34 ½”LP X 5ft stroke. 140psi, 66rpm. 18ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. 10ft second motion rope drum in engine room. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Like engine at J Spencer. Imperial Mill.

L THORNBER. BURNLEY
DEAN MILL PLUMBE STREET
350hp cross compound engine by Wood Brothers, Sowerby Bridge, 1906. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 75rpm. 15ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve on LP. Edwards air pump on condenser. Wood Brothers governor. Airpump driven from crosshead.

SUTCLIFFE AND CLARKSON. BURNLEY
WISEMAN STREET MILL. BURNLEY
450hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1916. 17”HP, 30”LP 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 63rpm. 16ft narrow flywheel. Corliss valves on HP both at top. Slide valve LP cylinder. 8ft gear. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

FOSTER AND CUREDALE. BURNLEY
HABERGHAM MILL. BURNLEY
Mr W Whitehead.
450hp tandem compound three rod type engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1912. 16”HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 71rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder and slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Whitehead governor.

GR???? MILL. BURNLEY
400hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1912. 12”HP, 23”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 14ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

R PICKLES. BURNLEY
CAIRO MILL. BURNLEY
Mr J Ridley.
400hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1886. 16”HP, 30”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. Engine named ‘Nannie’. 90psi, 54rpm. 16ft flywheel, 32” wide belt driving a 9ft pulley in the engine room. Slide valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Lumb governor controls expansion valve on HP.

KIPPAX LIMITED. BURNLEY
WORSTHORNE MANUFACTURING COMPANY
BROWNSIDE MILL. BURNLEY
BROWHEAD MILL. BURNLEY?
250hp tandem compound three rod type engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1915. 11 ½”HP, 23”LP X 30” stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 14ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve on LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

LIVINGSTONE MILL. BURNLEY
JOHN GREY? BURNLEY
1000hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, 1878. 18”HP, 36”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 55rpm. 16ft flywheel, 13ft gear on spokes. 10” wide helical teeth driving 6ft pinion. Slide valve on LP cylinder with eccentric on engine shaft. HP cylinder has Corliss valves, all at top, with eccentrics on a return crank driven shaft. Airpump driven from crosshead.
[I have a problem with this entry, from the dimensions given it would be closer to 600hp. The HP cylinder looks like a replacement. Putting all the valves at the top was a favourite method of getting away from modifying the bed of a slide valve engine to accommodate Corliss valves at the bottom. Compare this with Pendle Street in Nelson.]

JOHN GREY. BURNLEY
CAMERON MILL. BURNLEY
450hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks Company, 1906. 16”HP, 32”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 69 ½”rpm. 16ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Edward’s air pump. Lumb governor.
[Geoff Shackleton records: Cameron Mill, Burnley was named after Verney Cameron who was an English explorer and writer who went to Africa as a leader of an expedition to help David Livingstone in 1872. Livingstone died a year later but Cameron went on to be the first person to cross Africa from east to west. Cameron Mill was built in 1905 to hold 800 looms but later had about 900. Again, John Grey was the only occupier of this mill whilst it was weaving. The steam engine here was made by Burnley Ironworks Company and was their engine order number 40 / 1905. Horizontal cross-compound, 450ihp, 16” + 32” x 54 ins stroke. 70 rpm, both cylinders Corliss valves, flywheel driving 12 ropes.]

ELM STREET MILL. BURNLEY
100hp cross compound Uniflow engine by Galloway, Manchester, 1926. 20”HP, 36”LP X 3ft stroke. 150psi, 115rpm. 13ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Trunk guides. Enclosed engine. Drop valves. Massively built engine, beautifully finished. Both cylinders have tail rod supports. Air pump driven from LP tail rod.

NELSON LAUNDRY. NELSON
NELSON COOPERATIVE SOCIETY
50hp single cylinder engine by T and R Lees of Hollinwood, 1905. 15” diameter cylinder X 24” stroke. 100psi, 75rpm. 9ft plain flywheel, 5 ropes on a 6ft drum. Slide valve. Trunk guide.
[George Watkins records: T R Lees of Hollinwood, Lancs, made small steam engines as a stock line for over fifty years. This was made in 1908. rope drum was 5ft 6” diameter with four cotton ropes. Plant closed in 1964 when all was scrapped.]

GEORGE STREET MFG CO LTD. BURNLEY
CORONATION MILL. BURNLEY
800hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks Company, 1910. 20”HP, 42”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 65rpm. 20 ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Whitehead governor. (Like Britannia mill)

SWANSEY SHED. WHITTLE LE WOOD [Arthur has this as Burnley but this is the only Swansey Mill I can find]
400hp cross compound engine by Victor Coates, 1892. [Victor Coates and Co., Lagan Village, Belfast.] 19”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 100psi, 50rpm. 16ft flywheel, gear drive. Slide Valve on LP cylinder. Corliss valves on HP which was installed by Clayton and Goodfellow.

BISHOP HOUSE. BURNLEY
500hp cross compound engine by William Roberts, 1890. 22”HP, 44 ½”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 45rpm. 17ft flywheel, gear drive. New Corliss cylinders installed 1920, originals were both slide valve. Air pump driven from crosshead. New flywheel in 1949 after a serious over-speed. Cast by William Roberts, installed by Henry Brown, Sons and Pickles. [See Lancashire Textile Project, Newton Pickles tape, 79/AG/14 for a full account of this accident and the repair of the engine including the fact that Roberts cast the flywheel badly but couldn’t rectify the fault with a new one because it would have bankrupted the firm.]

EDMUND HALSTEAD LTD (1903). BURNLEY
QUEENSGATE MILL. BURNLEY
760hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1895. 29”HP, 40”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 68 ½ rpm. 18ft flywheel, 22 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Whitehead governor.

WALSHAW MILL COMPANY (1905). HARLE SYKE
500hp tandem compound engine (not three rod type) by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1905. 16”HP, 26”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 200psi, 63rpm. 20ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Very large engine room. Air pump drive from crosshead. Provision made on bed and shaft to convert to triple expansion, four cylinder.

QUEEN STREET MILL. HARLE SYKE
Mr Atkinson.
500hp tandem compound engine by William Roberts, 1895. 16”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. New Corliss cylinders by Roberts in 1914, named ‘Peace’. 140psi, 70rpm. 14ft flywheel, very heavy construction, direct drive to shaft. Air pump driven from crosshead.
[See Newton Pickles tapes in Lancashire Textile Project for many accounts of this engine including new rings on HP cylinder. Two Lancashire boilers, one very old with longitudinal stays not in use. Now preserved as a working mill by Lancashire Museums Service.]

PRIMROSE MILL. HARLE SYKE
Weaving. Mr G W Harriss.
750hp tandem compound three rod type by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1906. 17”HP, 35”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 82rpm. 16ft flywheel, 82rpm. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Lumb governor. (later replaced by Whitehead) Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Rope drive generator. Main drive to end of lineshaft and 25 bevel drives to cross shafts. [A normal arrangement but Arthur specifically mentions it here. In passing it is worth stating that some mills had an extension of the lineshaft poking out through a hole in the back wall and this was used by local builders or the mill company to drive a mortar mill utilising the clinker from the coal-fired boilers to make ash-lime mortar.]

FINSLEY VIEW MILL. HARLE SYKE
[This mill was known locally as ‘Siberia’ because the weaving shed was very cold in winter.] Mr Pickles.
650hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1904. 17”HP, 35”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 68rpm. 17ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. [Dismantled by Henry Brown Sons and Pickles c.1970. Re-erected in East Hall of the South Kensington Science Museum by Riley’s of Heywood. See Lancashire Textile Project for much about this engine. Newton Pickles tapes.]

PROGRESS. PADIHAM
Mr T McCough.
500hp cross compound engine by W and J Yates, 1886. 22”HP, 40”LP, 4ft stroke. HP is right hand side. 140psi, 56rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ft gear cast on flywheel drives 4ft pinion. Both cylinders have slide valves. HP has two vertical trip valves controlled by the governor. Lagged cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

ORCHARD MILL. PADIHAM
600hp inverted triple expansion engine by Wood Brothers, 1900. 16”HP, 25”IP, 36”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 14ft flywheel. Two cranks with flywheel between, LP cylinder on one and IP and HP on the other. HP cylinder above IP cylinder.

ALBION. PADIHAM
PERSEVERANCE MILL COMPANY. PADIHAM
Mr Johnson.
1250hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by Burnley Ironworks Company, 1906. 18”HP, 27”IP, two 28”LP X 5ft stroke. 200psi, 56 ½ rpm. 24ft (50 ton) flywheel, 24 ropes. All cylinders have Corliss valves at bottom. Exhaust and inlet together on LP cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

G GREEN AND COMPANY. PADIHAM
GREEN LANE MILL. PADIHAM
300hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1911. 12”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 150psi, 83rpm. 15ft flywheel, 8 ropes. All Corliss valves at bottom of cylinders as Albion. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Half of mill burned out and not replaced. Bought from Burnley Corporation Electricity Department who had three in 1893. Had twin beam engine before this.

PRIMROSE MILLS. CHURCH
W AND F CHAMBERS. CHURCH
400hp cross compound engine by Ashton, Frost, 1884. 17 ½”HP, 36”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. HP cylinder on left hand. 160psi, 40rpm. 16ft flywheel with gear rim. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Slide valve LP and Corliss valves on HP. Flywheel drives 6ft gear. Horizontal feed pump at side of condenser.

DEVERON MILL. GREAT HARWOOD
400hp cross compound engine by Clayton and Goodfellow, 1899. 17”HP, 31”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 130psi, 54rpm. 16ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss HP and slide valve LP. Cam type Corliss motion driven by side shaft [Sounds like Craig’s motion.] Horizontal feed pump driven by extension of the slide valve spindle. (Like engine at mill opposite)

QUEEN MILL. ACCRINGTON
(Mill closed and all out in 1964)
350hp cross compound engine by Whitaker of Accrington, 1912. 15 ½ “HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 76rpm. LP crank leading. 16ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Slide valve on LP and Corliss valves on HP. Slipper guides. Cranks set at approximately 160 degrees. Also: Horizontal donkey engine, 9” X 16” stroke, 20” disc crank. Slide valve. Double slide bars. 4ft 6” flywheel.

BLEACH WORKS. CLITHEROE
PRIMROSE WORKS. CLITHEROE
600hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1898. 18”HP, 38”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. All Corliss valves. 160psi, 84rpm. 17ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Trunk guides. Hick Hargreaves governor. Trip in rods from wrist plates. Support guides on both tail rods. Air pump drive by bell crank from LP cylinder.

OSWALD POMFRET. TURTON
Cylinders named ‘Ruth’ (HP) and ‘Henry’. Mr J Wilson.
300hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1905. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 100psi, 68rpm. 14ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Trunk guides. Yates and Thom governor. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Eccentrics to rocking levers.

CALDER VALE MILL. BURNLEY
650hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1900. 18”HP, 35”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 14ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves. Airpump driven from crank pin.

DARWEN COTTON MANFG CO LTD (1875). DARWEN
BOWLING GREEN MILLS. DARWEN
350hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, Bolton, 1906. 18”HP, 35”LP X 3ft stroke. 125psi, 72rpm. 18ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders with all valves at bottom. Air pump drive from HP crosshead.

GREENFIELD MILL CO. SPRING VALE
GREENFIELD MILL CO. DARWEN
300hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, 1888. 16”HP, 30”LP X 5ft stroke. 100psi, 49rpm. 17ft flywheel, 13ft gear, 152 teeth driving 60 tooth gear. Corliss valve HP and slide valve LP. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

PROSPECT MILL. DARWEN
PROVIDENT MILL CO LTD. DARWEN
250hp cross compound engine by Ashton Frost, 1906. 15”HP, 30”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 39 ½ rpm. 18ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Slipper guides. Feed pump beside the condenser. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

HAWORTH HOLDENLTD (1901) HODDLESDEN
VALE ROCK MILL. HODDLESDON
Mr H Watson.
450hp tandem compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1911. 20”HP, 36”LP X 3ft stroke. 150psi, 80rpm. 17ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP tail rod by bell crank.

DARWEN GAS WORKS
Two right hand and left hand 60hp single cylinder horizontal blowing? Engines by g Waller Stroud. Direct coupled to gas pumps. 12” diameter cylinders X 12” stroke. 100psi, 10<60rpm. 6ft 6” flywheel. Slide valves. Slipper guides.

GRANE MILL MANUFACTURING CO LTD. HASLINGDEN
GRANE MILL. HASLINGDEN
500hp cross compound engine by S Stott, Haslingden, 1907. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. High pressure is right hand cylinder. 140psi, 62rpm. 15ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from the LP tail rod with support guides. Slipper guides. Very slow and very heavy governor. Cylinders named ‘Alice’ and ‘Hilda’. Twin air pump.

PLANTATION MILL. HASLINGDEN
[On Flip Road, Haslingden?]
500hp tandem compound engine by S S Stott, Haslingden, 1881. 17”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 62rpm. 16ft enclosed flywheel with 8ft jack gear. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Air pump driven from crankpin. Return crank drives outside slide valve. Cross shaft for Corliss valve eccentrics. HP cylinder at rear. Double slide bars.

CLOUGH END MILL. HASLINGDEN
450HP CROSS COMPOUND ENGINE BY Furneval, Haslingden, 1905. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 70rpm. 16ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder and slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Slipper guides. Slow, heavy governor.

PARKER’S MILL. HASLINGDEN
CHARLES LANE MILL. HASLINGDEN
CARR PARKER AND CO LTD. HASLINGDEN
500hp tandem compound engine by S S Stott, 1908. 16”HP, 30”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve on LP. Condenser is separate with a rope driven air pump. Slipper guides. Cylinders named ‘Tom’ (front) and ‘Mary’, (rear).

BROOKHOUSE MILL. PRESTON
Mr J Yates.
500hp cross compound engine by Ashton Frost, 1906. 16”HP, 36”LP X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 84rpm. 18 ½ ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Slide valve LP, Corliss valves on HP. Slipper guides. Lumb governor. Air pump driven from LP tailrod with support guides.

ALSO
750hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1876. 18”HP, 48”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 84rpm. 14ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Flywheel in centre. [The ratio between the HP and LP cylinders looks all wrong to me. If the engine was 750hp it would be more likely if the HP was 24”. ]

IMPERIAL MILL, GREENBANK. BLACKBURN
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION
Mr J Slater
1700hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by Yates and Thom, 1901. 25”hp, 38”ip, two 42 ½” LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 60rpm. 29ft flywheel, 38 ropes. All Corliss valves. Trunk guides and rod supports between cylinders. Tailrod guides with air pumps driven by a bell crank on each.
[Watkins records: 1901. Engines named ‘King Edward VII’ and ‘Queen Alexandra’. 1700hp, 67rpm, 180psi from four boilers. 27ft flywheel. Scrapped in 1963. Central barring ring on flywheel. HP at front, IP behind at right rear. Both LP on left hand.]

HORROCKS AND CREWDSON. PRESTON
1000hp vertical cross compound engine by Yates and Thom , 1892. 24”HP, 48”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 160psi, 72rpm. 26ft flywheel, 35 ropes. Driving alternator.

HASTON LEE MILL. BLACKBURN
[Emerald Street, owned by Herbert Slater (1915) later owned by John Bury & Co (1930) cotton manufacturers followed by Vale Cotton Manufacturing Co Ltd (1939-58) who had 646 looms.]
350hp cross compound engine by Ashton Frost, 1912. 16”HP, 30”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi, 84rpm. 16ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valve HP and slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Feed pump driven by extension of SV spindle.

J GREENWOOD. BLACKBURN
AUDLEY FLOUR MILL. BLACKBURN
500hp cross compound vertical engine by Yates and Thom, 1901. 19”HP, 38”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 65rpm. 14ft flywheel, 12 ropes. All Corliss valves. Air pump driven from crosshead.

HOLLINSHEAD MILL. BLACKBURN
SCRIM MANUFACTURING COMPANY. BLACKBURN
Tandem compound by Ashton Frost, 1906.

LEVER MILL. BLACKBURN
350hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1912. 16”HP, 32”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 75rpm. 15ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Trunk guides. No tail rods.

JOHN TAYLOR. BLACKBURN
BRIDGEWATER MILL. BLACKBURN
900hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1913. 24”HP, 48”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 72rpm. 20ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves.

FERNHURST MILL. BLACKBURN
LAWRENCE COTTON. BLACKBURN
Cross compound engine by Clayton Goodfellow.

REDMAYNE AND ISHERWOOD. KIRKHAM
FLAX MILLS. KIRKHAM
Mr Wilfred Fenton.
250hp tandem compound engine by Stevenson, Preston, 1860. 14”HP, 26”LP X 3ft stroke. Slide valves. 100psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. LP slide valve driven by eccentric on crank shaft. HP slide valve driven by return crank with two eccentrics for valve and expansion control. Controlled by Whitehead governor.

PROGRESS MILL. KIRKHAM
WHITTLE AND TURNER LTD. KIRKHAM
Mr Rimmer Iddon.
500hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by J Musgrave, 1914. 24” diameter cylinder X 32” stroke. Drop valve inlets. 160psi, 138rpm. 12ft flywheel. Direct drive. Enclosed engine. Tail rod support. Rope driven Edwards air pump and condenser. Balanced valves operated by horizontal oscillating rod.
[Uniflow engines run on higher compression than a normal engine and can run very lumpy at start and stopping. See Newton Pickles in the Lancashire Textile Project (79/AG/14) for the bad effects on bevel gears in shafting even when rope driven. Direct coupled like this engine could spell trouble.]

SUNNYBANK MILL. KIRKHAM
SUNNYBANK WEAVING COMPANY. PROPRIETORS KIRKHAM AND WESHAM ROOM AND POWER COMPANY LIMITED
Mr H Hornby.
600hp cross compound engine by J Foster, Preston, 1907. 17”HP, 38”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. Corliss valves. 175psi, 60rpm. 20ft flywheel, 11 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

JOHN BIBBY AND SONS. FRECKLETON
BALDERSTONE MILL. FRECKLETON
Engine cylinders named ‘John’ and ‘Alan’. Mr G Layton.
350hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, Bolton, 1901. 14”HP (right hand), 26”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. All Corliss valves. 160psi, 78rpm. 18ft flywheel, 10ropes. All valves at bottom, no trip gear on LP. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Direct exhaust. Horizontal slide inlet. [sic] Vertical dash pots. Old type governor.

MELLOR MILL. MELLOR
[IS THIS ELSWICK MILL?]
Mr W A Duxbury.
400hp cross compound engine by Clayton and Goodfellow, 1878. 26”HP, ?”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. Originally all slide valve but a new Corliss valve cylinder installed by Yates and Thom in 1919. 130psi, 76rpm. 18ft flywheel, 38” X 111ft belt drive. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder.

JOHN FISH LTD (1874). BLACKBURN
[Not sure which mil but I suspect it is Florence Mill. Worrall 1941 records them being at Waterfall, Florence, Primrose and Ewood Mills. I traced them as far as 1941 but my next directory is 1954 when there was no trace of the firm. I found this record for Florence Mill on the internet; “Whalley New Road built in 1889 owned by Herbert Slater (1902-51) cotton manufacturer used by John Fish Ltd (1939) cotton spinner & manufacturer later owned by William Birtwistle Allied Mills Ltd in 1958”.]

1400hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon, 1901. 22”HP, 34”IP, 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

PAPER MILL. RAMSBOTTOM
Mr Darrell.
1000hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1907. 21”HP, 42”LP X 4ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 160psi, 95rpm. 18ft flywheel, 22 ropes. Trunk guides. No tail rods. Air pump driven from crosshead.

COBDEN MILL. SABDEN
Mr Bridge.
800hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1912. 21”HP, 42”LP X 3ft 6” stroke All Corliss valves. 160psi, 80rpm. 17 ½ ft flywheel, 22 ropes. Support guides to both tail rods. Airpump driven from LP tailrod. Trunk guides. Trip on spindles. Guards right round cranks. There is an old beam engine room intact.

SOLOMON LONGWORTH AND SONS. WHALLY
JUDGE WALMSLEY MILL. WHALLEY
Mr G Garratt.
500hp tandem compound engine by Furneval, of Haslingden, 1878. 18”HP, 34”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 47rpm. 16ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Return crank drives a shaft with two eccentrics for outside drive valves on HP. Air pump driven from the crosshead. Between the two cylinders. (From Barnoldswick in 1900, GW.)
This engine was in Barlick at one time at Clough Mill. Here is a record of a conversation between me and Newton Pickles: “Newton says that he and his father were once called out to the engine at the mill in Whalley which lies under the railway viaduct. When they went in Johnny looked at the engine and said he had seen it before. It was the engine which had been installed in the old engine house at Clough when the beam engine wan taken out. [I later found this was incorrect, it was installed near to the beam engine because in 1891 the Furneval was stopped because the number of looms had fallen and the beam engine restarted after some trouble getting it freed up so the two were there at the same time.] It ran at about 38 rpm and was installed in the engine house at Judge Walmsley Mill, Whalley running under instead of over. They did quite a bit of work on it down there. Newton said it was only in Clough for a year or two and was taken out by Burnley Ironworks when the new engine was installed in 1913. [see below. The new engine was sold in 1900 and they ran on the beam engine until the new BI engine was installed in 1913] He thinks Burnley Ironworks installed it at Whalley shortly afterwards. He also said that his Father said the reason why it was taken out was that it was a wastrel. [The last twenty years have produced a lot of information about this engine. It was made by Furneval at Haslingden and installed new at Clough. It was single cylinder condensing, 33 inch bore and five and a half feet stroke. When it was moved to Whalley in 1900 it was converted to a tandem by Ashton Frost who added a new HP cylinder and it was rated at 300 hp in this form. It ran 900 looms, 16 ft diameter flywheel with 14 cotton ropes. The engineer at the time Newton worked there was George Garratt. Newton also said that it was the worst engine he ever saw. It had a big CI fish tail counterweight on the crank with no finish on it at all. Newton reckoned that it was an imbalance in this set-up which kept bringing the flywheel loose on its shaft]

LONGRIDGE MANUFACTURING COMPANY
QUEEN’S MILL. LONGRIDGE
Mr Thomas Case.
300hp tandem compound engine (not three rod type) by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1906. 14”HP, 28”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 78rpm. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump drive from crosshead. Separate cylinders, HP at the rear. Brought here in 1925 from Preston.

GREEN BROTHERS (1903). WHALLEY
ABBEY MILL. WHALLEY
Mr Holden.
300hp cross compound engine by W and J Yates of Blackburn, 1888. 16”HP, 30”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 58 ½ rpm. 14ft plain flywheel. 10ft jack gear on flywheel. Slide valves on both cylinders. Airpump driven from LP crosshead.
[I saw this engine run once many years ago and what struck me was how dirty it was, how much noise it made and how much steam flew out of the valve spindles on the slide valves at each stroke. It was kept in for a long while as a potential heritage attraction but the last I heard it had been taken out and stored but later scrapped. I do not know whether this is true or not.]

PARK PLACE SPINNING CO. BLACKBURN
PARK PLACE MILL. BLACKBURN
[Park Place Mill, Windham Street, Grimshaw Park. Built by Pilkington Bros & Co (1845-78) cotton spinners and manufacturers in 1845 on a previous mill site belonging to John Haughton. In 1858 they employed 1,450 people. Owned by Park Place Spinning Co Ltd (1902-30) cotton spinners & manufacturers then used by William Taylor & Sons (1903-4) cotton spinners & manufacturers. It was purchased by the Lancashire Corporation in 1930 and closed. It was demolished in 1936-7 followed by the chimney in 1938.]
2200hp vertical cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1902. 30”HP, 60”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 80rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

CROSTON MANUFACTURING COMPANY (1887)
JUBILEE MILL. CROSTON. PRESTON
Engine named ‘Edward Walmsley’ Mr Ashcroft.
450hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by Yates and Thom, 1924. 27 ½ “ diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. 160psi, 138rpm. 11ft flywheel, direct drive. Drop valve inlets. 12” diameter webbed, three bearing crank shaft. Air pump under engine driven by lever from crank at end of engine shaft.
[George Watkins records: The Croston Manufacturing Co, Croston, Nr Preston. Cotton Weaving. Other concerns soon began to build Uniflows, and at least two firms in Bolton, two in Blackburn, one in Manchester, and others in Yorkshire did so. The Croston Co was established in 1887, having a cross compound engine gear driving the original shed. More capacity was required in 1922, a new shed was built, and 'Edward Walmsley', made by Yates & Thom of Blackburn in 1924, was installed to drive the new and the old sections. A new boiler by Fosters for 160psi was installed and ran the old engine at reduced pressure until the new engine was ready. The latter developed 450hp, from a cylinder 27 1/2 in bore by 2ft 6in stroke, running at 140rpm and using superheated steam at the full boiler pressure. It will be noted that …. the higher engine speed allowed the engine to be coupled directly to the main shaft, also that this engine has a rotating side shaft drive for the valves.]

J W SMITH AND SONS. LONGRIDGE
CRAMP OAK MILL. BERRY LANE. LONGRIDGE
500hp tandem compound engine by Ashton Frost, 1905. Installed here in 1928. 16”HP, 36”LP X 3ft stroke. Right handed engine. 140psi, 85rpm. 18ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on HP, slide valve LP. Airport driven by bell crank from tail rod which has support guides.

MATTHIAS MUNROE AND SON. GUIDE. BLACKBURN
SPRINGFIELD MILL. GUIDE. BLACKBURN
Mr A E Lyon.
350hp cross compound engine by Ashton Frost, 1898. 13 ½ “ HP, 30”LP X 4ft stroke. HP is right hand. 160psi, 65rpm. 18ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder and slide valve LP. Corliss gear driven from return crank. Air pump driven from crosshead.

GREENFIELD MILL. SPRING VALE NEAR DARWEN
300hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, 1888. 16”HP, 30”LP X 5ft stroke. ?psi, ?rpm. 17ft flywheel, gear drive. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Gear drive is 13ft jack wheel, 152 teeth driving 5ft spur gear, 60 teeth.

ALBION MILL COMPANY. LITTLEBOROUGH
Mr Wild.
500hp tandem engine by J and W McNaught, 1905. 18 ½”HP, 38”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 70rpm. 16ft, 50 ton flywheel, 28 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and piston valve on LP. Side shaft drives governor and cross shaft in front of HP (rear) cylinder for Corliss valves. Air pump driven from crosshead.

A AND W LAW. LITTLEBOROUGH
LYDGATE MILL. LITTLEBOROUGH
Woollen manufacturers.
?hp overhead crank single cylinder non-condensing engine, no maker. 15” diameter cylinder X 20” stroke. Coupled to a 40ft diameter waterwheel, later replaced by a water turbine.

HARTLEY AND COMPANY. LITTLEBOROUGH
[Preserved by Holroyd’s at the original Petrie works in 1962. Moved from there in 1987 by Stanley Graham and re-erected at Ellenroad Engine House. Put back in steam in 1992.]
Nominal 25hp single beam engine by J Petrie, Rochdale November, 1841. 25 1.2” diameter cylinder X 5ft stroke. Never compounded. 20psi, 34rpm. 16ft flywheel, rim gear drive. Slide valve, valve for each end of cylinder connected by cast iron pipe columns. Valve worked from underneath. Airpump driven by rod from beam. Had CI crankshaft originally. Price, with boiler, £650. Stopped work in 1942.
[Watkins records: Hartley & Co, Whitelees Mill, Littleborough, Lancs. Blanket Mills.
Made by Petrie & Co, Rochdale in 1841, this, in itself unaltered, drove the mill until it closed in 1948, although a pusher engine was fitted to the crankshaft at one period, and later removed. The cylinder was 25.5in bore by 5ft stroke, and running at 34rpm it had developed 120hp at times, with steam at 40psi. The use of separate slide-valves for the top and the bottom of the cylinder, in chests connected by fluted side pipes, was an example of the way in which parts needing accurate construction were made of small size, permitting large engines to be made with limited equipment. The drive was by teeth on the flywheel rim to a pinion on the mill shaft, although there were two pinions at one time. The stairways and crank pit railings were neat examples of foundry work, and indeed, the whole was a charming industrial scene almost entirely in cast iron.]
[Entry from the weighing book of the late Frank Shore Esq. This is an abbreviated list of engines made by John Petrie.
‘November 1841. Supplied to John Hurst. 20 nominal horse power. £650. 24hp boiler.’ There is also an entry dated March 1859, order number 161 noting the supply of a 13 nominal horse power diagonal engine to John Hurst and Sons, Whitelees Mill.]
[See ‘Wheatsheaf Centre and Volunteers’, and ‘Building the Whitelees Engine’ in SG Memoir for a full account of the 1987 rescue and the 1991/92 rebuild of this engine.]

A AND W LAW. LITTLEBOROUGH
DURN MILL. LITTLEBOROUGH
Woollen manufacturers.
?hp single engine by Earnshaw, Barlow and Hall, 1885. No details.
[Watkins records:
A. &J. Law & Co, Durn Mill, Littleborough. Dress & Costume Cloth Mfrs.
Made by Earnshaw & Holt, engineers and boilermakers, Rochdale, in 1864, this drove the mill through spur and bevel gearing. It was condensing, with a slide-valve cylinder 28in bore by 4ft stroke, and designed for 60psi, it used steam at 90psi in later years when, running at 63rpm, it developed 250hp. It was replaced in 1946 when the load had grown to 400hp; it had, for the last seven years of its 80 years life, run 13 hours per day. Its only failure was a split cylinder cover in 1881 due to water, and other than the fitting of metallic packings, and in 1921, a new Lumb governor (cost £300) its life was uneventful.]
[From the Museum of Industry at Manchester: This single-cylinder horizontal steam engine was made by Earnshaw & Holt of Rochdale in 1864. This type of engine became very popular from the 1850s onwards. Being
mounted on its own cast-iron base, it did not require the support of an engine house and was much easier to install in a mill. Engines of this type were soon accepted as the way forward for powering mills. With a working life of nearly a century, this engine worked at Durn Mill in Littleborough where it powered machinery that produced tartan cloth. It ceased to run in the 1950s and was acquired by the Museum in 1969.]

ARROW MILL. ROCHDALE
COURTAULDS. CASTLETON
1700hp triple expansion engine by J and W McNaught, 1907. 25”HP, 38”IP, 60”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, 47 tons, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and IP cylinders. Piston valve on LP. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.
[Watkins records:
The Arrow Mill, Castleton, Rochdale. Cotton Spinning.
Arrow, containing five acres of floor space, was an example of the speed of mill building at the time. The contract to build was signed late in 1906, the first brick was laid in January 1907, the engine first ran under steam in February 1908, and the first cotton was spun in this large mill fifteen months after the first brick was laid. One of the only two vertical triples which J. & W. McNaught of Rochdale made, 'Reliance' was designed to develop 1,700hp at 75rpm. The Corliss-valve high-and intermediate-pressure cylinders were 25 and 38in bore, and as often in Rochdale practice, the 60in low-pressure was fitted with a piston valve. The 22ft flywheel drove by 40 ropes and the barring engine with its horizontal cylinder driving through a vertical crankshaft was a typical McNaught feature. Four boilers by Tinker Shenton supplied steam at 180psi until some fifty years later the mill was converted to electric drive from the Grid and the engine was scrapped.]

SAMUEL O’NEILL. ROCHDALE
LINDEN MILL. CASTLETON
450hp tandem compound engine by J Petrie, 1909. 19”HP, 36”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 80psi, 84rpm. 13ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Neukomm[sic] drop valves on both cylinders. Balanced crank. Slipper guides. Air pump driven from crosshead. Named ‘Marion’.

CREST RING MILL. ROCHDALE
QUEENSWAY. ROCHDALE
1250hp triple expansion engine by J Petrie, 1907. 21”HP, 36”IP and 52”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 81rpm. 22ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and IP cylinders and piston type on LP. Airpump driven from LP crosshead. HP runs on overhung crank.
[Watkins records:
The Crest Mill, Castleton, Rochdale. Cotton Spinning.
J Petrie of Rochdale only made three vertical triple-expansion engines, which went to the Crest and Marland mills at Rochdale, and the Linnet at Gee Cross. Crest Mill was built in 1907 for ring spinning, and needed only two floors to use the 1,800hp that 'Gladys', the engine, developed. The high-pressure cylinder, 21in bore, had Corliss-valves across the cylinder centre line, whilst the intermediate-and low-pressures, each fitted with piston valves, were 34 and 56in bore, all by 4ft stroke. Running at 75rpm, it drove by 32 ropes from the 26ft flywheel. Steam was supplied by four Yates & Thom boilers, 9ft in diameter, at 190psi which had to be maintained for full load, when up to 120 tons of coal were used per week. The mill was later converted to electric drive, and the engine scrapped. The high-pressure crank was a half or single web type.]

MARLAND MILL. ROCHDALE
1800hp triple expansion engine by J Petrie, Rochdale, 1907. 21”HP, 34”IP and 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 190psi, 80rpm. 22ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and IP cylinders, piston type valves on LP. Airpump driven from LP crosshead.. (Very much alike these last two.) [Arthur has added a note: “Lower is GW version. Fig 11 in Mill Engine.”]

CROFT MILL. ROCHDALE
1800hp twin tandem engine by Buckley and Taylor of Oldham, 1906. Two 21”HP, two 44”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 72rpm. 24ft flywheel, 42 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pumps driven from crossheads.

BAYTREE MILL. MIDDLETON
BAYTREE MILLS LTD (1903). MIDDLETON JUNCTION
1400hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon, 1905. 22 ½”HP, 34”IP, 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 78rpm. 20ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

IRK MILL. MIDDLETON
700hp Manhattan engine by George Saxon, Oldham, 1908. 23”HP, 43”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 92rpm. 15ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from vertical crosshead.

REX MILL. MIDDLETON
REX MILL (1919) LTD. OLDHAM ROAD MIDDLETON
1150hp vertical cross compound engine by George Saxon, Oldham, 1905. 26”HP, 53”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 22 ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

CLOVER MILL. ROCHDALE
(as Croft) 1800hp twin tandem engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1906. Two 21”HP, two 44”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 72rpm. 24ft flywheel, 42 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pumps driven from crossheads.

STATE MILL. ROCHDALE
1800hp twin tandem engine by J and W McNaught, 1901. Two 21 ½”HP, two 44”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 65rpm. 24ft flywheel, 42 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinders and piston type valves on LPs. Air pumps driven from cross heads. LP cylinders at rear.

SPARTH MILL. ROCHDALE
SPARTH MILL COMPANY. CORPORATION ROAD
Mr T Sunderland.
1700hp twin tandem engine by J and W McNaught, 1901. Two 21 ½”HP, two 43 ½”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 68rpm. 24ft flywheel, 44 ropes. Corliss HP, slide valve LP. Air pumps driven from crossheads. Cross shaft each side with two eccentrics for HP rear cylinder.

FACIT MILL. ROCHDALE
Engines named ‘Margaret’ and ‘Molly’.
1600hp cross compound engine by J and W McNaught, 1905. 27”HP, 57”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 70rpm. 26ft flywheel, 32 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pumps driven from crossheads. Lumb governor.

ALSO
A 350hp tandem compound by J Petrie, 1875. Left handed, named ‘Elaine’.
[There is an entry in the Petrie Weigh book which could refer to this engine: “September 1875, engine number 259, For the Freehold Spinning and Weaving Company, Shawforth (Roughly same local area as Facit) 80 Nominal Horse Power.]

WASP MILL. ROCHDALE
JOHN SANDIFORD AND SONS LTD. WARDLE
750hp tandem compound engine by J and W McNaught, 1898. 13”HP, 26”LP X 3ft stroke. 150psi, 70rpm. 12 ½ ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Slide valve on LP driven by eccentric on engine shaft. Corliss valves on HP at rear. Two gears and bevels drive a side shaft to a cross shaft in front of the HP cylinder with two eccentrics working wrist plates at two levels for the Corliss valves. This engine is half of the BES Company twin tandem.
[A tandem compound engine with Corliss valve gear built by J & W McNaught Ltd of Rochdale in 1902 for the Wasp Mill, Wardle, Lancs. This engine is now preserved at the Bolton Steam Museum of the Northern Mill Engine Society.]
[Watkins records:
John Sandiford & Sons, Wasp Mill, Wardle, Nr Rochdale, Lancs. Wool Dyers and Carbonisers. 'Elsie' was built by J. & W. McNaught, and purchased secondhand by Sandifords about 1914. The cylinders had Corliss-valves; the high-pressure was 13 ¼ and the low-pressure 24in bore by 3ft stroke. Using steam at 130psi, and running at 73rpm, it was heavily loaded at times. The twin slipper crosshead guides were characteristic of the large mill engines. Two boilers for 160psi supplied the engine and heavy process load, but the drives were gradually changed to electric motors, and, still structurally unaltered, the engine was superseded in 1967.]

JACKSON. ROCHDALE
500hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1882. 17”HP, 33”LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 63rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on HP. Slide valve LP.

JACKSON. ROCHDALE
350hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1889. 14”HP, 28”LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 61rpm. 16ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump drive from crosshead.

HIGHAM’S. ROCHDALE
450hp tandem compound engine by J Petrie, 1904. 15”HP, 29”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 82rpm. 20ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves LP cylinder. Slide valves on HP worked by cams on a vertical shaft driven by a long side shaft driving governor. Lumb regulator [Wilby patent?] on an old governor. Two eccentrics on engine shaft operate LP Corliss valves.

SHAWCLOUGH MILL (1902) LTD. ROCHDALE
Mr Barton.
450hp tandem compound engine by J and W McNaught, 1907. 15”HP, 33”LP X 4ft stroke. 155psi, 75rpm. 14ft flywheel, 17 ropes. Corliss HP and slide valve LP. Air pump drive from crosshead. Long side shaft drives the governor and a cross shaft in front of the Rear cylinder with two eccentrics for Corliss gear.

ALSO
350hp tandem compound engine by Robinson, 1884. 14”HP, 27”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 155psi, 84rpm. 14ft plain flywheel. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump and horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Double wrist plates on each cylinder.

ENSOR MILL. ROCHDALE
ENSOR MILL COMPANY LTD. CASTLETON
Engine named ‘Clara’. Mr Travis.
750hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1915. 21”HP, 39”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 73rpm. 21ft flywheel, 21 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump drive from tail rod. Fine guards round cranks.

ALSO
750hp tandem compound engine by Sharples [Barrow in Furness?], 1908. 19”HP, 40”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 72 ½ rpm. 22ft flywheel, 17 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump drive from crosshead. Fine guard round crank.

New Corliss gear and Lumb governors to both engines instead of Dobson’s motion.

R CUDWORTH. NORDEN
BAITINGS MILL. NORDEN. ROCHDALE
Engine named ‘Mary’. Mr W Dobson.
250hp tandem compound engine by S S Stott, Haslingden, 1895. 12 ½”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. Right hand engine. 140psi, 68rpm. 14ft plain flywheel. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind rear LP cylinder. Rope drive, 6 ropes, outside the engine room. Lumb governor.
[This engine was out of use in the 1980s when I was working on Ellenroad. Round about 2004(?) it was dismantled and I believe exported. However, this engine has a place in the history of conservation of steam weaving plants which should be recorded. At the risk of boring you, here’s the story…..

It’s almost the end of January 2001 and I have been triggered into the realisation that not only is there is a gap in the memoirs I have already ‘finished’, but we need an update because the story moves on.

What started this was Janet (my daughter) asking me for some pics of engines and me. I sent her one of Newton and me repairing Bancroft Engine in 1978 and it struck her that she hadn’t got a lot of pictures of these aspects of my life. I did a search and found a few which I sent to her and at the same time scanned some other pics I came across which would go well in my copy of the memoirs. One of these was a picture of the boiler at Jubilee Mill, more of this later. I looked through the memoir to find the right place to insert the pic and realised that I’d never told the story about this and some related aspects of my life. So, here we are hard at it writing the memoir again! I’ve called this section conservation matters because it will include matters other than Jubilee but which are closely related and in some cases, more recent. Right, sit down and concentrate, there may be questions afterwards!


THE LAST STEAM DRIVEN WEAVING SHED IN LANCASHIRE.

One aspect of human behaviour that has intrigued, amused and at times infuriated me at various times during my mature (?) life is the preoccupation with superlatives. If something is the ‘biggest’, the ‘oldest’ or the ‘last’, its stature is enhanced. It’s easier to attract interest to something if it can be so described. This is a very lazy and immature way of making decisions, particularly in the field of conservation. It is almost as though there is some inertia in the system which can only be overcome by some easily recognised and irrefutable quality and these adjectives have disproportionate powers. In truth, the criteria which govern selection should be based on merit but this very seldom happens. Let me illustrate this with an account of the effort to preserve the ‘last steam driven weaving shed in Lancashire’.

In 1978 I was already in fairly close contact with some of the most influential people in the conservation of the industrial heritage because of my involvement with Bancroft and the Lancashire Textile Project. The LTP was another last minute project, gathering oral evidence as to how the textile industry in Barlick actually functioned before it vanished forever. Even then I knew that the approach was flawed, something of interest sat there for a hundred years and its importance was only recognised at the last minute. The consequence is, in all these cases, that what could have been a measured and scholarly approach becomes a cavalry charge. When there were thousands of steam driven mills nobody had any interest in preserving one. By the time we had got down less than half a dozen, in 1978, the matter was being addressed. Here is what happened.

Early in 1978 when we knew Bancroft was going to close I had a visitor at the engine house, Peter White. He was a London based civil servant working with English Heritage, the government organisation concerned with heritage preservation and at that time rejoiced in the title ‘Her Majesty’s Inspector of Ancient Monuments (NW) . I tried to persuade him that Bancroft should be preserved as a fine example of a typical East Lancashire steam driven weaving shed. My reasons were that it was a late mill in good condition, classic girder shed construction and it was as-built, it had never been altered. It had plenty of land around it and so could easily be augmented with essential things like a visitor centre, car parking and administrative facilities. It was situated in the right place, at the gateway to the Dales to make it an easily integrated part of a wider tourist-based economy. It had a skilled work force which could be nurtured and employed and finally, it had enough space to accept Henry Brown Sons and Pickles in a section of the shed which could be saved from inevitable extinction and become a training and maintenance resource for the whole of the heritage industry. With the benefit of over twenty years hindsight I still believe this was a powerful and convincing case which should have been taken seriously but it was ignored.

The first question Peter White asked me was where the money would come from. I told him I saw no problem. How many tea towels, dusters and dust sheets did the government buy in a year? Give the contract for weaving them to Bancroft at an economic price and run it like a business. In modern terms, make it a cost centre. It would make money without a doubt. The cost of doing this was £60,000 for the mill and site and enough capital injected as a loan to start the enterprise off. Remember, these were two businesses that were making a profit in the commercial world with no favourable contracts.

I was told that this was impossible as the government could not be seen to be acting commercially. I asked him how this squared with the Royal Ordnance Factories or the Royal Dockyards but this was brushed aside. He then told me that as far as he was concerned, the decision had been taken. Bancroft would be allowed to go to the wall and this would leave only two major steam mills running, Queen Street at Harle Syke near Burnley and Jubilee Mill at Padiham. There was another, Sutcliffe and Clarkson’s at Wiseman Street, Burnley but this was never seriously considered. The demolition of Bancroft would be used to make a case for the preservation of Jubilee Mill as that was the preferred option. Queen Street was seen as a good mill but handicapped by its position and lack of room to expand visitor facilities.

I didn’t agree with any of this at the time and with hindsight I’m still convinced that I was right in advocating Bancroft as the ideal candidate. Nothing that has happened since has done anything other than reinforce my conviction.

What did happen? Well, it’s a matter of record that Bancroft was demolished but the engine and boiler house were saved by a local initiative supported by the Pendle Council and backed indirectly by English Heritage through a derelict land grant. The result is a running engine in an isolated engine house in a housing estate which is completely out of context. I’m glad it’s there but am painfully aware of what might have been. I was the first chairman of the Trust but stepped aside once we had got it going.

Wiseman Street closed and the engine is still in there but everything connected with it is gone, including the boiler house I think and there is no realistic prospect of it ever running again. Even if it did, there is no context.

What happened to the grand plan to preserve Jubilee? This is where we get an insight into how well preservation was being managed from London. Jubilee Mill was built in 1887 by the Padiham Room and Power Company. It was powered by a slide valve cross compound engine by Yates and this engine is I think the oldest Yates engine still surviving and also the only engine I know with expansion gear on the high pressure. The engine drove the site until the late 70’s and was retained on site after the mill stopped. By 1979 Bancroft was under the hammer and on 24th July 1980 the engine house was scheduled as Monument 188 (Lancashire) Note that a ghastly mistake had been made, the boiler house, chimney and mill were given no protection at all.

In April 1986, Jubilee Mill was bought by N&R Contractors of Portsmouth Mill, Todmorden. My old mate Norman Sutcliffe and his brothers bought to mill to demolish it and sell the land for housing. All this was perfectly legal. Robert Aram and I got wind of this shortly after demolition started. Robert went straight down to Padiham and bought the scheduled monument and the artefacts out of the workshop and paid N&R to make the building secure. He knew that if this wasn’t done the engine would be vandalised. I rang EH and informed them that the grand plan had gone awry, that the mill was being dropped and that there was nothing they could do about it. I also told them that Robert had stepped in and taken the engine under his wing.

The net result was a disaster. True, the engine was saved and in good hands but it was an isolated artefact, out of context with no boiler and chimney and I told Robert we were on a hiding to nothing if we tried to do anything with it. I shan’t detail the initiatives we attempted but suffice it to say that every overture we made to the local council, EH and the Science Museum all came to nothing. The situation we had was a decaying engine house in the middle of a housing estate and no chance of doing a Bancroft with a dedicated band of volunteers because, to a man, the locals wanted it demolishing. They couldn’t understand why this eyesore had been left to blight their property prices.

Eventually Robert bought Masson Mill in Derbyshire and we put up a proposal to move the engine down there and install it in steam in a proper context attached to a mill. I handled this for Robert and in August 1996 we were granted Scheduled Monument Consent to move the engine to Masson. The intention was to move the engine as soon as consent was granted and we were promised that this would be given by end December 1995 but due to the fact that the consent was eight months late, the window we had for removal to Masson in terms of the work schedule down there and the availability of funding (all out of Robert’s back pocket!) had evaporated and the engine had to sit there awaiting a new opportunity.

This opportunity arose in 1999 and with the full consent of EH we set on Gissing and Lonsdale and removed the engine for installation in Derbyshire. At long last, we could breathe a sigh of relief, the Yates engine was safe. How much danger was it under at Padiham? Between 1986 and 1999 the engine house was set on fire twice and broken into several times. My estimates for the total cost of damage over the period were about £11,000. To this must be added one of the strangest cases of theft I have ever come across. As key-holder for Jubilee I was contacted by Padiham police on 27th August 1990 to ask whether we had sold the boiler that was lying in the mill yard as a man was cutting it up! I told them to collar the man immediately and I would come straight over as we hadn’t authorised any work. I should explain that as part of the plans to find a role for the engine Robert had bought a redundant Lancashire boiler early in 1989 from Dura Mill at Facit when it closed and transported it to Padiham for potential re-use there. The 35 ton boiler was laid in an enclosed yard behind locked gates and we thought it was reasonably safe. How wrong we were!

I went down to Padiham and found that Mr Chadwick the General Manager of a reputable firm of scrap merchants, Lethbridge’s of Blackburn had bought the boiler for £600 from two people called ‘Smith Brothers’ in a pub in Padiham. He had set on his contractor Steven Kennedy to cut it up and he, in turn had set on a man called David Stott who was in the cells. This poor little bloke was entirely innocent, he was only doing what he was told and I got him released immediately. The story was, of course, very suspect and I’ve never really understood why Lethbridge’s ever got involved in such a dodgy deal. I was talking to the detectives about this and one of them said ‘Once a scrapman, always a scrapman!’ I think that’s probably as good an explanation as we’ll ever get. This affair dragged on for two years but eventually we got full restitution for the loss of the boiler and all other costs but only at the door of the court.

If you’ve been following the story, you’ll realise that the number of possible candidates for preservation has been falling! Bancroft and Jubilee demolished and Wiseman Street a non-starter. As far as anyone concerned knew, there was only one candidate left for ‘Last Steam Driven East Lancs. Weaving Shed’, this was Queen Street at Harle Syke. Remember that this had never been a strong contender because of its situation but all of a sudden, it was the only candidate on the horizon. EH kept a fairly low profile on this one and it was left to Burnley Council to initiate a move in this direction. I knew nothing about what was going on as I was busy doing me history degree at Lancaster as a mature student. I got word that Burnley Council had bought Queen Street on the 7th of February 1983 and gone into partnership with Pennine Heritage from Hebden Bridge. Both Robert and I forecast that it would end in tears because we knew quite a lot about PH and none of it was good. However, it was Somebody Else’s Problem and we ignored it.

In May 1983 I was a year out of Lancaster and managing an Interpretative Team down at Pendle heritage when I was approached and asked to put myself up as a candidate for the post of manager at Queen Street Mill. It seemed like a good idea to have a crack so I applied. It was a three day interview process run by the Council and Pennine Heritage. I remember that David Fletcher and his manager, Bill Breakell were on the panel together with some Burnley people. It was all very strange, they didn’t seem to want to hear what anyone was saying, all they wanted to do was tell the candidates how they were going to run the project. I only knew one of the other candidates, Anna Benson from Helmshore who was a driving force at Higher Mill. I told her there was something funny going on but I decided to stick with the process.

I got a very clear indication of how wrong things were when they got me in for interview and started to tell me what good condition the plant and engine were in. I told them to think again and showed them a picture of the bore of the HP cylinder showing the big groove in the bottom where the broken piece of piston ring had worn a groove after Arthur Martin, the engineer, had run it for God knows how long without oil. They asked me where I’d got the pics and I told them I’d taken them when I was with Newton Pickles who had done the repair. They lost interest in me immediately.

When I got outside I told Anna she was going to get the job and she wouldn’t believe it, she asked me how I knew. I told her that what they wanted was someone they could control and she was spot ball. This didn’t please her but as it turned out I was exactly right. When I got home that night I got a phone call from a mole in Hebden Bridge who had heard a conversation in the pub between David Fletcher and someone else. Part of the conversation alluded to the fact that Anna was going to be given the job but they were going to complete the interviews.

First thing the following morning I went to Queen Street and withdrew my application on ‘personal grounds’. As I left I told Anna she was going to get the job and I warned her that she should only accept if she could do it on secondment from the Lancashire Museum Service. She asked why and I told her it would end in tears but I think she suspected me of being jealous of her. As things turned out I was right again and I suspect that if you were to ask Anna for her side of the story of the next five years she would have a sorry tale to tell.

By May 1989, Queen Street was in trouble, Anna Benson was the mill manager but Pennine Heritage had been squeezed out by the Council. EH threw in £50,000 to keep the mill open during the summer but it was obvious that there was either going to have to be a completely new initiative or else the mill would have to close. I was over at Ellenroad at Rochdale sorting the Ellenroad Engine out and I got a call one day in 1987 from John Lowe who was the architect for the Council. My profile had been raised in the Borough because Robert and I had spent a lot of time with the council discussing possible avenues for dealing with Jubilee. John wanted to take me to lunch!

I knew they wanted something and basically the question was, ‘What do we do about Queen Street?’ My answer was the same as it had always been, if you want to save a mill, let it run and make money. I told him they should get on to the Co-op at Balloon Street, get their help and form a cooperative weaving shed. Weave cloth in the shed by steam and make up in the disused units at the back and get some professional marketing people in. The union shirts they were making were superb and there was no reason why they shouldn’t make a profit. As a throw away line I told him that if they wanted an easy way out I could find them a buyer.

I suspect John shot straight back to Andrew Walker with the good news and almost immediately AW was back on to me like a ton of bricks. Robert and I had talked this right through and on March 15th 1987 I met Andrew Walker and gave him Robert’s proposal. Basically, Robert would buy the mill off them for £5 and give them the option to buy it back for the same sum five years later plus whatever he had spent on it. I was to inspect the place, draw up a plan and draft a set of articles for a company limited by guarantee, to name but a few. We did all this, met the senior officers, put the proposal and plans on the table and left it to them. I kept sending reminders but in effect they put us on the back burner. In July 1992 I got a letter saying that the mill had been sold to Lancashire County Council and that there was to be a ‘new initiative’. They thanked us for our interest and apologised for the delay!

So, QS sailed off into the future under the guiding hand of Mr Blundell the Lancs. County museum chief with Ian Gibson actually doing the work. Not surprisingly I hold the same opinion I had in 1978 at Bancroft. The only way to make something like QS work is to get it started generating money. It has to be looked at as a business problem. It shouldn’t be like this, museums like Queen Street and Helmshore should be funded to the hilt from the public purse on the grounds that they are World Heritage sites but until this happy day arrives we have to do anything we can to protect them from destruction.

My reading, as I sit here banging this story out for you in 2001 is that QS and Helmshore are on a knife edge. Nobody can guarantee that they will be there in five years. What a condemnation of our system!

I can’t remember the exact date, it would be about 1993 or 94, I had been invited by Peter White to accompany a Council of Europe jolly across northern England looking at industrial heritage sites. The excuse for me being there was the Lancashire Textile Project and all the work I had done on big artefacts. I couldn’t be with them at the start and joined the party in Durham. Put your hard hats on, there’s going to be some serious name-dropping here! I was in the crypt of either the cathedral or the castle taking wine with Lord Montague, the chair of EH and various senior members of the organisation and I decided to be naughty. I asked Lord M if I was right in thinking that the basis for the decision to fund Queen Street was that it was the ‘Last Steam Driven Weaving Shed’. He said that this was correct. As I opened my mouth I could see heads shaking in the background and eyes rolling upwards as they realised what I was going to say next.

I said, ‘Are you aware there’s another steam driven weaving shed in Rochdale?’ It was a moment to cherish, the buggers all knew there was but they weren’t interested in it so they ignored it. LM was very interested and asked me to send him details. I did, I sent him a full set of pics of the mill and received in reply the standard small ‘your communication has been received’ postcard. End of story, deep-sixed. In truth Baiting’s Mill at Norden wasn’t a very interesting building but it had all the elements of a steam driven shed. What annoyed me was the fact that they all knew about it but ignored it for their own ends, it would have been ‘untidy’ to recognise it.

Last year I got a request from Robert Aram. He asked me to get over to Baitings at Norden and photograph the loom-breaking and dismantling of the engine. I did this and it was just like the old days, blood and mud and smoke and destruction. As Robert said, It’s the last one we’ll see. When I got home I rang EH in London and got a nice young lady who knew nothing. I was very kind to her and told her that if she wanted to spread joy in the office she should go to her boss in the NW division and say ‘Stanley says you’re safe. Cudworth’s are scrapping everything at Baitings Mill’. She asked for my name and number but of course, nobody ever got back to me……… Sorry for the length of that but these matters need to be recorded as they flag up the mistakes of the past and might help us find the way into the future.]

NORMANTON AND SONS LTD. WHITWORTH
BRIDGE MILL. WHITWORTH
[This entry puzzles me. In 1941 Bridge mills was Matthew Stuttard, sizers and wouldn’t need an engine this size. Normanton and Sons are down as Vale Mill in 1941 and Brookside and Vale in 1954 in the trade directories.]
500hp tandem compound engine by J and W McNaught, 1907. 14”HP, 28”LP X 4ft stroke. 170psi, 81rpm. 16ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Airpump driven from crosshead. October 1946 (date out?)

BARCHANT MILL. ROCHDALE
BARCHANT SPINNING COMPANY
500hp tandem compound engine by Wood Brothers, here 1918. 14”HP, 26”LP, X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 104rpm. 10ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Drop valves on both cylinders, Air pump driven from crosshead.

MAYFIELD MILL. ROCHDALE
OSWALD AND DUNCAN LTD. HAMER LANE
500hp tandem compound engine by J and E Wood of Bolton, 1903. 17”HP, 32”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 81rpm. 20ft flywheel, 18 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. All valves at Bottom of cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

JOHN BRIGHT. ROCHDALE
MOSS MILL. ROCHDALE

[Entry in Petrie weigh book: “November 29th 1890. James King and Sons new mill (Moss). Pair of horizontal tandem engines 300NHP. Second engine set to work 18th March 1891. 30ft flywheel, 44 ropes, (70 ¾ tons finished) Moss Mill Co.]
1800HP TWIN TANDEM ENGINE BY j Petrie, 1890. Two 24”HP, two 45”LP X 6ft stroke. 175psi, 53rpm. 28ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Corliss HP valves and slide valve LP.

WARDLE COTTON COMPANY. ROCHDALE
RYDINGS MILL. WARDLE
500hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by J Musgrave, Bolton, no date. 24” diameter cylinder X 32” stroke. 160psi, 134rpm. 12ft flywheel. Rope drive. New tail rod and guide 1925.

EDMUND LEACH. WARDLE
LODGE AND CROSSFIELD MILLS. WARDLE
500hp double beam engine by J Petrie. Two 21”HP, two 30”LP X 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. 100psi (60psi) ?rpm. 20ft flywheel. Air pumps driven from beams. Was a twin cylinder simple at 60psi.
[I don’t think it is this engine but in the Petrie weigh book there is an entry dated January 1877, order numbers 268/269 for two 80NHP beam engines of 84” stroke and for 40psi. The customer is Isaac Hoyle and another, Summerseat, Bury. This is the only 84” stroke engine I can find in the book.]

BUTTERWORTH HALL. MILNROW
Out in 1957. 1200hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1912. 25”HP, 52”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 62rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

TIMES MILL COMPANY. MIDDLETON
AVON MILL (1919) LTD. MIDDLETON
2,500hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon, 1908. 28”HP,44”IP and two 48”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 200psi, 60rpm. 28ft flywheel, 50 ropes. Corliss valves an all cylinders. Air pumps driven from the crossheads.

DART MILL. BOLTON
?hp triple expansion vertical engine by J and W McNaught, 1905?. 180psi. Air pumps driven from crossheads.

KING SPINNING COMPANY ROYTON
KING MILL. ROYTON
[Arthur has this as Middleton but there is no such firm there.]
1750hp triple expansion vertical engine by George Saxon, 1898. 23 ½”HP, 36 ½”IP and two 40 ½”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 60rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pumps driven from crossheads.

REDCROSS MILL. ROCHDALE
JAMES NELSON LIMITED. ROCHDALE
500hp tandem compound engine by J Petrie, 1892. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 100psi, 70rpm. 12 ft open arm flywheel, 12 ropes. Piston valves with cut-off. HP cylinder at rear possibly added later. Lumb governor.
[Petrie Weigh book records: 9th May 1892, Thomas Watson and Company, Redcross Street, Rochdale. Horizontal tandem engine, 50 nominal horse power.

JOHN BRIGHT AND BROTHERS LIMITED. ROCHDALE
FIELDHOUSE MILL. ROCHDALE
Mr Hirst.
Two double beam engines by J Petrie, 1845. two 40”diameter cylinders X 7ft stroke. 40psi, 28rpm. 18ft flywheel, gear drive. Slide valves. Air pumps driven by rods from the beams.
[Petrie Weigh book records: June 1845, 0rder numbers 61 and 62. Pair of 60 nominal horse power engines for John Bright Brothers. £2,900 without flywheel.
March 1873, order numbers 244/245. Pair of beam engines to work at 40psi. Both 30 nominal horse power. Pair of horizontal engines with 28” cylinders to work at 30psi
August 28th 1893. No order number. John Bright Brothers, 30 nominal horse power. No details.]
One of the above simple double beam engines was altered by Petrie in 1900 to a 1000hp triple expansion four cylinder beam engine. 24”HP, 45”IP, two 40”LP X 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. 160psi. 18ft flywheel, gear drive. Corliss valves on HP and IP and slide valve on LPs. Air pumps driven by rods from beams.

ALSO AT FIELDHOUSE MILL.
1200hp tandem compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1910. 23”HP, 46”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 20ft flywheel, 26 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead. Tail rod support guides and between cylinders. Driving an alternator in case of power failure on mains supply.

ALSO
1000hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1905. 21”HP, 45”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 16ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven by bell crank from crosshead.

ALSO
Had a 600hp De Laval turbine two belts driving from a gearbox.

LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. ROCHDALE
ARKWRIGHT MILL, COOK STREET, HAMER
Mr Williams.
2500hp twin tandem compound engine by J Petrie, 1886. New cylinders by George Saxon in 1914. Two19 ½”HP, two 40 ½”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 180psi, 74rpm. Semi-circular supports between cylinders. Guards almost enclose the cranks. 25ft, 80 ton flywheel, 30 ropes. Cross shaft drives governor and has four eccentrics at each end. Air pump drive from each LP tailrod. Support guides to each tail rod.
[In the Petrie weigh book there is an entry dated October 30th 1886. Order number 313 from the Arkwright Spinning Company for a pair of 100nominal horse power tandem compound engines with rope drive]

[I asked Geoff Shackleton about these entries because I thought that one of them might be for Masson Mill. Here’s what Geoff said: Stanley, Forget the 1890 Petrie HTC, this was supplied to the Arkwright Spinning Company, Arkwright Mill, Hamer, Rochdale. This mill also had a double tandem engine by Petrie in 1886 and another double tandem engine by them in 1901. I've looked at the J & E Wood records again for the work at Masson in 1911 and they say 'new cylinders, compounding 17 + 32 x 42 for 75psig'.  This is sometimes written this way for the supply of replacement cylinders to an existing compound but could be the supply of two new cylinders whilst compounding an existing single cylinder engine (Marshall 100hp?). Geoff]

WHITFIELD MILL. FACIT
THOMAS HOGHTON (BACUP). WHITFIELD MILL
500hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1907. 19”HP, 38”LP X 3ft stroke. All Corliss cylinders. 160psi, 82rpm. 18ft flywheel, 17 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the HP cylinder owing to the shape of the engine room.

STANDARD MILL. ROCHDALE
2500hp twin tandem compound engine by J and W McNaught, 1890. New cylinders by McNaught in 1912. Two 26”HP, two 46”LP X 6ft stroke. 120psi, 56rpm. Old cylinders were piston valves, new had drop valves on all cylinders. 28ft Flywheel, 44 ropes. Air pump drive from each crosshead. Support guides.
[Apart from the fact it isn’t triple expansion this looks very similar to the Ellenroad engine made two years later.]

MARS MILL. ROCHDALE
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. MARS MILL. CASTLETON
Mr Gregory
1500hp cross compound engine by Urmston and Thompson of Oldham, 1908. 29”HP, 59” X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 160psi, 67rpm. 24ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Air pump driven from LP tail rod which has support guide (only) like Royton Ring Mill.

MOSS BRIDGE. ROCHDALE
RAMSBOTTOM AND HITCHON.
300hp cross compound engine by Woodhouse and Mitchell, 1892. 100psi, 85rpm. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Air pump driven from crosshead, double guide bars.

SOUDAN MILL. MIDDLETON
1200hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon, no date. 21”HP, 33”IP, two 37”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 55rpm. 28ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

THOMAS LEACH. ROCHDALE
Moss Street, photo Hanson. [Almost certainly Tim Hanson.]
350hp tandem compound engine by Earnshaw, Barlow and Hall, 1863. 15 ½”HP, 30”LP X ?ft stroke. Slide valves. 18ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Valve at top of HP cylinder, at side of LP. A forked connecting rod straddles the HP cylinder from a crosshead between the cylinders to crank. Double guide bars. HP valve worked from the rear. Right hand engine.

ERA MILL. ROCHDALE
2000hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J Petrie, 1898. 26”HP, 36”IP, two 42”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, ?rpm. 26ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and IP, slide valve LP. Air pumps driven from tail rods with support guides. HP cylinder altered in 1904.
[The Era Mill, Woodbine St, Rochdale, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. 'Victoria', built by Petrie in 1898 differed from the Brierfield Mills engine in having Corliss-valves for the high-and intermediate-cylinders (although the low-pressures still had piston-valves) and in having the air pumps at the rear of the engine. Designed to develop 1,500hp at 65rpm, the cylinders were 24, 36, 42, and 42in bore by 5ft stroke, with the drive from the 26ft flywheel by 40 ropes. Four Petrie boilers supplied steam at 160psi, and were still doing so when 60 years old. Except for the fitting of a new design of high-pressure cylinder in 1904, little was changed in its 60 years of life, which ended when, in 1958, the mill was converted to electric drive.

MARTIN MILL. BAGSLATE. ROCHDALE
MARTIN’S MILL LTD. BAGSLATE
200hp single beam engine by J Petrie, 1869. There is a horizontal single cylinder engine on the same shaft in another room by S S Stott, 1884. This engine is now a 300hp compound beam engine 18”HP, 30”LP X 5ft and 6ft stroke. 17ft beam. 125psi, 64rpm. 18ft flywheel, 13ft gear on to 5ft second motion gear. HP is Corliss valves, LP is slide valve. Air pump (original) driven from beam. Cranks set at 180 degrees on shaft. On horizontal engine a return crank drives wrist plate and governor.
[I have searched the Petrie Weigh book for an order which I could definitely tie in with this engine but can’t find one.]

COOPERATIVE LAUNDRY. ROCHDALE
75hp single cylinder engine by James Milnes of Heywood, 1905. 14” diameter cylinder X 30”? stroke. ?psi, 105rpm. Slide valve with expansion valve.

T AND C LITTLEWOOD AND COMPANY LTD. ROCHDALE
BUCKLEY MILL. ROCHDALE
300hp single beam engine by John Petrie, 1863. 22 ½”HP, 30 ½” LP X 2ft 9” and 5ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 42rpm. 14ft flywheel, gear drive. Air pump driven by rod from beam. HP cylinder added in about 1896. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP.

DISTRICT LAUNDRY. ROCHDALE
50hp single cylinder horizontal engine by A B Lord or T Robinson. 13” diameter cylinder X 24” stroke. 90psi, 140rpm. Slide valve.

VICTORIA MILL. ROCHDALE
VICTORIA SPINNING CO LTD. ROCHDALE
Mr A Walker.
1300hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and W McNaught, 1900. 21”HP, 33”IP, two 37”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 71rpm. 25ft flywheel, 29 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder All others have piston valves with twist motion. Air pump drive on each crosshead.

ECLIPSE MILL. ROCHDALE
2000hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and W McNaught, 1900. Named ‘Century’ 24 ½”HP, 38 ½”IP and two 43”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 67rpm. 24ft flywheel, 42 ropes. Corliss on HP cylinder, all others piston valves. Air pump driven from each crosshead, Lumb governor.
[Watkins records: The Eclipse Mill, Rochdale, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. Built in 1900 the Eclipse was a large mill, with 118,000 spindles. Called 'Century', the engine was made by J. & W. McNaught, to develop 1,700hp a 67rpm, using steam at 180psi from four boilers. The Corliss-valve high pressure cylinder was 24in bore, with a 38in intermediate, and two 42in bore low-pressures with piston valves, all by 5ft stroke. In later years, there was continuous trouble over smoke from poor fuel, which caused a change to electric drives in the 1950s, but the mill was closed a few years later.]

UNKNOWN MILL. ROCHDALE
[Same details as Eclipse except 32 ropes]

PILOT MILL. BURY
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. BURY
Mr Rawlinson.
2000hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and E Wood, 1906. 23 ½”HP, 36 ½”IP, two 40”LP X 5ft stroke. 200psi, 66 ½ rpm. 24ft flywheel, 46 ropes. Corliss valves to all cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Lumb governor.

ELLENROAD MILL. NEWHEY
2500hp twin tandem engine by J W McNaught, 1896. Altered from triple expansion four cylinders by Clayton Goodfellow, 1921. Two 23 ½”HP and two 44”LP x 6ft stroke. 180psi, 58 1/2rpm. 28ft flywheel, 44 ropes. Piston valves on LP cylinders, Corliss 9cam) valves on HP. Air pump driven from each crosshead. The 84 ton flywheel new in 1921.
[Basically accurate, this is the engine I spent 8 years refurbishing. I never measured the cylinder bores and can’t comment apart from saying that I always thought the HPs were 26” and the LPs 43”. Flywheel has 42 grooves and not 44. This is a low number for an engine which was capable of delivering over 2800hp (from indicator diagrams in engineer’s log book) but it should be remembered that when the engine was altered after the fire they couldn’t get a wider flywheel in and so had to settle for 42 ropes maximum. Ideally, it should have had 50/55 ropes to cope with the new design load of 2500hp. The original triple expansion had a design load of 1700hp. The date of original build is wrong, it was 1892. In winter at full load the mill used over 100 tons of coal per week. There is a 375KVA alternator in the cellar driven by a countershaft from the main flywheel. Also a Browett and Lindley enclosed engine direct coupled to a DC machine which provided pilot lights in the mill when the main engine was stopped. Before the alternator there was a large Dynamo driven by countershaft from the main engine in a room next to the engine. Feed water for the five Lancashire boilers was provided by a belt driven Frank Pearn pump which could deliver 4000 gallons per hour. There used to be a steam injector as well for emergencies but in about 1956 this was replaced by a very large three legged Weir pump bought secondhand from ICI where it had been one of a pair used for pumping sulphuric acid and this pump is different in that it has a stainless steel bucket and liner. There is also a large Mather and Platt Underwriter fire pump. The engine was run on just the left hand side for a while before the complete stoppage in 1972. There is an indicator record of that side giving over 1500hp. Whitehead governor driven by the same shaft which runs the Craig’s motion Corliss valve gear. The engine is now preserved by the Ellenroad Steam Museum and steams regularly running at the original speed.]

ROBERT STOTT’S SONS. ROCHDALE
MELLOR STREET MILL. ROCHDALE
750hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by Wood Brothers, 1907. 13”HP, 18”IP, 22”LP and 27”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 15ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Air pump driven from tail rod with guides.

GARFIELD MILL. NEWHEY
GARFIELD SPINNING COMPANY LTD. NEWHEY
Mr J Scott.
2000hp triple expansion engine by J Petrie 1883. Altered from twin tandem by J Musgrave, Bolton, 1901. 24 ¾” HP, 26”IP, two 40”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 58 ½”rpm. 30 ft flywheel, 26 ropes. Piston valves to LP cylinders Corliss valves on IP and HP cylinders. Air pumps driven from each crosshead. These two engines altered opposite way.
[Petrie weigh book says: September 1884, order no. 305, 200NHP.]

QUARRY MILL. ROCHDALE
S A HEYWOOD AND SONS (1898). ROCHDALE
120hp single cylinder engine by J Petrie, 1860. 18” diameter cylinder X 3ft stroke. 100psi, 65rpm. 15ft flywheel, 14” belt. Piston valve with internal trip gear operated by cams on a vertical shaft which also drives the governor. Air pump driven from the tail rod with guides.

ENTWISTLE. BURY
[In 1941 Worrall, J and A Entwistle are noted as being at both Brickhouse and Stanley mills.]
300hp tandem compound engine by S S Stott, Haslingden, 1904. 16”HP, 30”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi, 87rpm. 12ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve on LP. Slipper guides. Forked connecting rod. Separate rope driven air pump and condenser (vertical) in corner of the room.

TWIN MILL. HEYWOOD
COLLINS BROTHERS LTD. HEYWOOD
250hp tandem compound engine (converted from a single with a new HP cylinder by Riley of Heywood) by Mills of Heywood, 1865. 11”HP, 22”LP, X 3ft 6” stroke. 95psi, 42rpm. 18ft flywheel, bevel gears. Air pump driven by crosshead. Slide valve LP cylinder at front. Return crank drives bevel driven long side shaft to governor and a cross shaft with two eccentrics for outside drive HP Corliss valves. Double guide bars.

GE AND W WIKE (1907). BURY
CHESHAM MILLS. BURY
Engines named ‘Ethel’ and Myrtle’.
200hp tandem compound engine by W and J Yates, Blackburn, 1885. 15”HP, 25”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 80psi, 67rpm. 14ft flywheel, enclosed, 5 ropes. Slide valves on both cylinders. Double guide bars. Lumb governor. Air pump driven from the crosshead. Stopped August 1963. [Not clear whether this applies to this engine or the next at Mutual.]

MUTUAL SPINNING CO LTD. HEYWOOD.
1500hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and E Wood, 1898. 21”HP, 33”IP, two 35”LP X 6ft stroke. 160psi, 53rpm. 24ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Air pumps driven from crossheads. All Corliss cylinders. Two 26” diameter X 24” stroke air pumps. Support guides on both tail rods. (From Wood’s booklet)

UNITY RING MILL. HEYWOOD
1800hp twin tandem compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1907. Two 21”HP, two 44”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 72rpm. 24ft flywheel, 46 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Cross shaft just forward of HP cylinders with 4 eccentrics at each end. Air pumps driven from each crosshead. Porter governor. No tail rods.
[Watkins records: Unity Ring Mill, Heywood, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. Illustrating the next phase in Buckley & Taylor's design, this was built in 1909, although they were making vertical engines before then. The Corliss-valve cylinders were 20 and 41in bore by 5ft stroke, which with steam at 160ps~ developed 1,900hp at 67rpm. The high-pressure cylinders are still at the rear with the air pumps driven from the crossheads, but it was governed by cut-off of the Corliss-valves. It ran with very little trouble until the mill was closed in 1958. The 24ft flywheel weighed 53tons.]

KENYON. BURY
ROACH BANK MILLS. BURY
Hick Hargreaves cross compound running a generator.

HEALEY BROTHERS. HEYWOOD
MOSSFIELD MILL. HEYWOOD
900hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1915. 23”HP, 46”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 63rpm. 26ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

BURNS RING MILL. HEYWOOD
[Burns Ring Spinning Company in 1912 M/c Royal Exchange year book but no trace in 1941 Worrall.]
1000hp quadruple expansion engine by J Musgrave, no date. 15 ½”HP. 23” and 31 ½”Ips and 45 ½”LP X 4ft stroke. 200psi, 85rpm. 20ft flywheel, 37 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump worked from extension of one of the parallel motion levers. [Is this an inverted vertical?]

SEFTON MILL HEYWOOD
600hp vertical cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1901. 19”HP, 37”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 75rpm. 20 ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

BRIAR MILL (1920) LTD. SHAW
Mr Fisher.
1900hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon, Manchester, 1907. 35”HP, 38”IP, two 42”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 66rpm. 24ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Piston rod supports between cylinders. Air pumps driven from crossheads. No tail rods.

CLOUGH MILL. SHAW
JOSHUAH MILNE SHAW
350hp cross compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1911. 18”HP, 36”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 80rpm. 18ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Two eccentrics on a cross shaft for outside drive Corliss valves. Webbed crank for LP cylinder with Flywheel the other side of the bearing.

CORAL MILL. NEWHEY
1100hp vertical cross compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1907. 20”HP, 45”LP X 4ft stroke. 170psi, 80rpm. 22ft flywheel with 20 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from the crosshead.

RICHARD BARNES AND CO LTD. MILNROW
FIRGROVE MILL. MILNROW
Mr Hardwick.
500hp tandem compound engine by J and W McNaught, 1907. 19”HP, 31”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 77rpm. 16ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Air pump driven from crosshead. Slide valve LP cylinder at front, Corliss valves on HP.

DEE MILL. SHAW
Mr Walker.
1500hp tandem compound engine by Scott and Hodgson, Guide Bridge 1907. two 18”HP, two 42”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. 26ft flywheel, 38 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinders, Piston valve LPs. Cross shaft driving governor and eccentrics for Corliss valves on HP. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Supports to piston rods between cylinders.
[Watkins records: Dee Mill, Shaw, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. One of the few twin tandem mill engines built by Scott & Hodgson, this was made in 1907. The Corliss-valve high-pressure cylinders were 21in bore, and the piston-valve low pressures were 44in bore, all by 5ft stroke. Running at 65rpm, they were designed to develop 1,500hp, steam being supplied by four boilers by Joseph Adamson of Hyde, which, designed for 200psi in 1907, were still insured for that 60 years later. The mill was gradually changed over to electric drive, and when this was completed in 1968, the owners gracefully permitted the engine to remain in position, under the care of The Northern Mill Engines Society of Rochdale, a worthy end for a good servant.]
[Unfortunately George was being a bit premature. NMES ran the engine occasionally for a few years but then there was some trouble and shortly afterwards the mill was demolished. The engine house was scheduled in May 1982 as County Monument 28 under the 1979 Act.

Here is the back story: Dee Mill was built, and first started on the 20th April 1907, by the Dee Mill Company. The engine was built and installed by Scott and Hodgson of Guide Bridge near Manchester. It was a twin tandem compound designed for 1500hp at 65 ½ rpm and was a lovely example of a typical textile steam engine which ran overloaded at times up to 1900hp. The ownership of the mill passed to the Lancashire Cotton Corporation and later to Courtaulds Limited. By 1967 most of the machinery had been electrified and the engine was only driving an alternator and the Blowing Room, a total of about 350hp. The engine was stopped in September 1967 and the ropes cut down. In February 1968 the Northern Mill Engine Society intervened and ran the engine in steam occasionally from 1976 onwards. This arrangement was terminated by Courtaulds and from then on the engine was left idle. The mill eventually closed completely in 1982 and, with the exception of the engine house and chimney, was demolished in 1984. Though protected in theory by Scheduling, the engine started a rapid decline accelerated by neglect and vandalism.

In 1986 I got word from one of my moles that Dee Mill chimney was going to be felled. I went down there and introduced myself to Mervyn Simpson of Simpson Brothers (Explosives) Ltd from Heywood who had the job of dropping the stack and watched it come down. Ownership of the site passed through several hands and plans were made for re-development but the presence of the engine house blighted every attempt at improvement and it was never in the interests of the owners to protect it. By 1992 the site was owned by Littlewoods Home Shopping Group who had a large operation on the adjoining Lily Mill site and wished to build a new facility over the road on the Dee and Ash Mill sites. They had been ‘advised’ that they could never get permission to demolish the Monument as the protection was too strong. At this point, the man in charge of solving the problem did what is always a useful exercise; he sat down and read the files. He came across the name Stanley Graham and contacted me……

We have to step back a few years here. The reason why my name appeared in the files was because I had a history with the Dee Mill site. Ten years before all this happened, in the days when the Department of the Environment was in charge of all Scheduled Monuments, I was asked by Her Majesty’s Inspector of Ancient Monuments for the area to keep an eye on the site and feed him any information that emerged. I visited occasionally and got thrown off by large Irish men and let it be known to the steam mafia that I had an interest. The gist of my reports was that the owners, whilst appearing to be concerned, were actually pursuing a course of constructive neglect. At one point we foiled a projected raid on the site to scrap the engine.

Early in 1990 I was contacted by the new Inspector, by that time English Heritage had been formed, in order to get an opinion from me as to what could be done to retrieve the situation. The trigger for this was the fact that the site had changed hands and the new owner wanted to redevelop it as ‘The Eurotech Centre’. None of this could happen while the engine was on the site. We agreed that the best route to salvage something from the wreck and enable the development was to record the engine in situ and try to get funding to dismantle and remove to a place of safety. Our reasons for recommending this course were that Scheduling was not protecting the engine and there was no prospect of any improvement as long as the engine was isolated and unprotected.

I worked with the Inspector and got estimates for dismantling and removal. I also made informal approaches to Oldham MBC to find out whether there was a place for the engine in their projected scheme at Manor Mill in Oldham. The upshot of all this was that Oldham MBC hadn’t got the funding to take the engine into their care. They couldn’t even agree to providing a safe haven for the dismantled parts.

At this point the Eurotech developers threw in the towel and Littlewoods bought the site. Having read the files, Dave Biggin, the Littlewoods executive in charge of developing the site, found my telephone number and gave me a call in April 1992. We went into the engine house and had a look at the engine. I can think of few sadder sights than a wonderful piece of machinery that has been vandalised to the extent that it had. All the loose parts had been stolen for scrap, other parts damaged by ineffectual attempts at dismantling, the whole was red rust and had been sprayed all over by graffiti artists. To a bloke like me who had just spent eight years restoring Ellenroad it was a terrible sight. Worse was to come when we went in the cellar. It was obvious that someone was using it for shelter while taking drugs, it was damp, cold and absolutely filthy. A further problem was that there was septic water leaking in through the foundations. The most likely cause for this was organic matter rotting in the old mill lodge which had been filled in with demolition rubble. We came out into the fresh air and I told Dave that I could get rid of it for him but it would be a long job. I pointed out that what we were proposing to do was the legal equivalent of demolishing Stonehenge and we would have to jump through a lot of hoops but it could be done. I think it was the first time anybody had made a positive and practical proposal for the site and after a day or two to consult he came back to me and gave me a free hand. They asked me how much my hourly rate would be and I plucked what to me was an enormous figure out of mid air. They bit my hand off and I realised that I was out of touch, I’m pretty sure I could have doubled the figure! I went away a wiser man but stuck by the figure I had quoted.

At first Littlewoods’ preferred plan was to follow the original recommendation and get Oldham to take the engine off their hands, they asked me to approach Oldham again and re-run the Manor Mill proposal past them with the addition of a subsidy from Littlewoods towards the cost. The corporate view was that they did not want to be seen as the bad guys in this, if it was possible Littlewoods wanted to preserve the engine and were offering a serious amount of money. I tried but failed to convince Oldham MBC. We were back to square one and so in February 1993 Dave asked me for plan ‘B’.

Simple plans are always the best. I told Littlewoods that I could see only one way out. We should bite the bullet and apply for Scheduled Monument Consent to Demolish. My reasons were as follows:

The engine had been vandalised to the stage where any dismantling and re-erection, even if funding was available, would result in a replica and not the original artefact.

Scheduling had failed to protect the engine. Its continued presence on the site damaged the 1979 Act and was a drain on the limited resources of English Heritage.

When the decision to schedule was taken in 1982 it was not clear that two other engines would be refurbished and demonstrated regularly in steam; the Ellenroad and the Trencherfield.

When in its prime the Dee Mill Engine was a good example of the standard spinning mill prime mover. However, it had no historical or technical features which cannot be found in other engines apart from the fact that it was possibly the last Scott and Hodgson surviving.

Even if it was desirable, there could be no public access to the engine on the grounds of safety. The vandalism had released asbestos into the house and the structure was not safe.

Taking all these factors into account, my case was that it was time to resolve the question of the Dee Mill by demolishing the house and scrapping the engine. This was supported by OMBC on economical, environmental and heritage grounds. The benefits of doing this far outweighed the liability of allowing the present situation to continue.

The crux of the matter was that we would have to convince English Heritage that the scheduling process had failed and that Dee Mill was an indictment of the whole system. The best solution was to bite the bullet, demolish and accept Littlewoods’ offer to fund a textile survey in Oldham by the Museums Service to give interpretational input to the new exhibitions at Manor Mill. We had to bide our time while the committees ground their way through the proposal but in the end I got a result. Subject to our doing a measured drawing of the house and a photographic record of the demolition, we could go ahead.

I made the application to what was then the Department of National Heritage and after full consultations and assessment English Heritage advised the Department of National Heritage that the case for demolition of the Dee Mill Engine and house was sound. Scheduled Monument Consent to demolish was granted on 23 May 1994 and the demolition commenced on June 18.

Wile the mandarins were making their decision I went down to Rochdale and had a word with Peter Dawson who was my architect at Ellenroad. We arranged to go to Dee and measure the building up. Measuring a building like Dee Engine House is a two man job. Somebody has to hold the end of the tape! True, there are modern instruments which measure by bouncing a pulse off an opposing wall but methods like this were no good to us as many of the measurements we needed were obstructed by parts of the engine. Additionally, Peter needed my advice as theoretically we were measuring to a standard which would enable someone to use the drawings to reinstall the engine. This meant that the position of things like holding down bolts had to be carefully plotted.

One of the first things we discussed was which system of measurements we would use. There isn’t a lot of point measuring a building built using the old Imperial measures in metric units. As it turned out, the building was constructed in increments of three inches. Anywhere where we couldn’t get an accurate measurement because of obstruction we guessed to the nearest three inches. The acid test of any measured plan is when the draughtsman sits down at the drawing board and converts the measurements made on site into a scale drawing. Any discrepancy between the overall sizes and the cumulative totals of the individual measurements stands out like a sore thumb. Peter said that all the measurements fell together like a jigsaw puzzle, as much a commendation for the original builders as the draughtsman. The other thing that became obvious was that the building was perfectly square, quite an unusual thing in a large old building like the Dee Engine house.

One major task was that Littlewoods brought in a contractor and did a full asbestos clearance on the building, a very expensive part of the process. I gave the necessary notifications to everyone involved and we started demolition early in the morning of June 18th 1994.

It was a sunny Saturday and at half past five in the morning we were unloading a big tracked back-hoe off its transporter and getting on to the site. The engine house stood alone in the middle of a field of rubble and we could get to it all round. I knew that as soon as we were noticed the enthusiasts would come out of the woodwork and we would get a certain amount of flak. Before we even went on the site I primed the lads that were doing the job. If asked any questions they were to say they knew nothing beyond the fact that it was legal and they had a job to do. If asked about me, I was just an amateur photographer doing some pictures. I had told them exactly what I wanted doing and they started into the building after doing a thorough search to ensure that there was nobody inside.

Unless you have seen it done before, you can have no idea how quickly a big machine can destroy a building. There was nothing subtle about our approach, the machine got up to the building, reached out and simply pushed a section of wall in until it collapsed. We started by breaking the pillars between the windows on the south side and as we did the second pillar the roof fell in with a tremendous roar. We worked our way round the building collapsing the walls until we arrived at the end where the flywheel was. I told the driver to drag the rubble back into a ramp, climb the ramp until he could reach the flywheel and smash the castings on top. I knew that whatever happened, once this was done there was no going back. My worry was that we might end up with people lying down in front of the machine to stop us. It was far too late for anyone to save the engine but there were certain to be people who wouldn’t understand this and we had to very quickly reach a point where it was obvious that it was too late.

As the machine was smashing the castings on the wheel a man came running across the site in dressing gown, pyjamas and carpet slippers. He was absolutely livid and started screaming and shouting at the machine driver. Eventually he gave up and retreated but said he was going to ring the Council. We carried on levelling the house and had started to drag the rubble and wreckage back off the engine. The man who had tried to stop us returned with a Councillor who he had dragged out of bed. This bloke was evidently trying to play it as though he had not known that the demolition was going to happen. He did know of course because during the process of consultation it had been voted through in a full meeting of the Council. I suspect he was trying to keep his constituent on-side politically by pretending he knew nothing about it.

I decided it was time I came out of the closet and introduced myself to the Councillor. He took me on one side and muttered to me that he was glad to see the engine house going but was it legal? I assured him that the Consent had been granted and the necessary letters giving 14 days notice had been sent three weeks before. Thus armed he went back to his constituent and made whatever explanations were necessary. I felt sorry for the protester actually because he evidently had strong feelings about the engine. But, as I said later, they’d had twelve years to do something about it but had simply sat back and watched it decay. We had several more officials round our ears during the day and the press as well but we were legal and the bottom line was that the vast majority of local residents wanted it to go.

It took a fortnight to scrap the engine and clear the site. I made up a final report using the pictures I had done and sent it off to all concerned together with the measured drawing of the engine house. Dee Mill site was cleared and could now be re-developed by Littlewoods at their leisure.
Sorry for the length of that but it’s not often you get the full story of something like that straight from the horse’s mouth. Demolishing Dee was sad but interesting. I have no regrets about doing it, it was the only solution to what had developed into a big problem all round. It confirmed me in my long held opinion that no matter how many legal safeguards are put in place, the preservation of any large artefact like Dee Mill Engine or Ellenroad depends on the quality of care given by the people on the ground. The actions of a government department in London can do nothing to ensure survival.]

ASH MILL. SHAW
ASH SPINNING CO (1883). SHAW
Mr William Pearson.
2000hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, 1883. Altered in 1936 by George Saxon, Manchester. 24”HP, 52”LP X 6ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 190psi, 57 ½ rpm. 32 ft flywheel, 68 tons, 35 ropes. Air pump driven off each crosshead. Tail rod support guides to each cylinder. Lumb governor. This engine was built as a 1500hp twin tandem with two 24”HP and two 46”LPs X 6ft stroke. No tail rod supports. Corliss valves. 52rpm.

DAWN MILL. SHAW
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. SHAW
Engines named ‘Venus’ and ‘Mars’. Mr W Holding.
1800hp twin tandem compound engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1902. Two 20”HP, two 40”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 64rpm. 26ft flywheel, 35 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Supports to piston rods between cylinders.

HAWK MILL. SHAW
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. SHAW
Mr Halsall.
1700hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1909. 30”HP, 61”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 71 ½ rpm. 24ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Air pump driven from crosshead. No tail rods. Trunk guides. Lumb governor driven by ?
[Watkins records: The Lancashire Cotton Corporation, Hawk Mill, Shaw. Cotton Spinning. The mill was built in 1908, and the engine supplying 1,500hp was made by Yates & Thom, Blackburn. The cylinders were 27 3/ 4 and 56in bore by 5ft stroke, it ran at 70rpm, using steam at 175psi, driving by 37 ropes from the flywheel. Yates & Thom preferred a trunk-type frame which together with the valve gear and flat tail rod slides, were characteristic of the makers' design. All was scrapped about 1964.]

WYE MILL NO 2. SHAW
Engine named ‘Margaret’. Mr Shannon. 2500hp cross compound engine by Buckley and Taylor 1924. 32 ½”HP, 60”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 180psi, 68rpm. 24ft flywheel, 50 ropes. Slipper guides. Lumb governor. Tail rod supports to both cylinders but heavier on the LP. Air pump drive from LP tail rod.
[Watkins records: The Wye Mill Co, No 2 Mill, Shaw, Lancashire. Cotton Spinning (1926) Wye No 2 was significant in that not only was it the last spinning mill to be built with the traditional engine and rope drives, but it was also the last and the largest mill engine the makers, Buckley & Taylor, Oldham, built. Designed to develop 2,500hp, the cylinders were 32 and 70in bore by 5ft stroke, the low pressure cylinder being the third largest in a Lancashire spinning mill (Sun Mill low-pressure was 73in and Mons was 721/4 in bore). Running at 66rpm, it used steam at 180psi, and until 1960 all of the power was delivered to the mill floors by 48 ropes from the 24ft flywheel. Then with the introduction of motor-driven ring spinning frames, the engine was used to drive these through an alternator, but by 1964 Grid current was cheaper and the engine was then stopped.]

TRENT MILL. SHAW
Mr Fielding.
1800hp cross compound engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1907. 30”HP, 60”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 65rpm. 26ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pumps driven from each crosshead.

WYE MILL NO 1. SHAW
1800hp cross compound by Buckley and Taylor, 1910. 28”HP, 56”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 180psi, 67rpm. 24ft flywheel, ? ropes. Slipper guides. Lumb governor. Tail rod supports to both cylinders. Air pump drive from LP tail rod.

RUTLAND MILL. SHAW
Mr Brierley.
1700hp cross compound engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1908. 27 ½” HP, 58”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 67 rpm. 26ft flywheel, 35 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP tail rod which has support guides. HP has no support guide. Altered in 1913, 2” larger HP and 5” larger LP. Raised to 68rpm.

CAPE SPINNING CO. SHAW
700hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1901. 23”HP, 36”IP, two 40”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. 26ft flywheel, > ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

SHAW SPINNING CO. SHAW
1200hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1905. 24”HP, 32”IP, 50”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Airpump driven from LP crosshead.

LILY MILL b. SHAW
1800hp cross compound engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1915. 29”HP, 60”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 65rpm. 26ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

LILY MILL. SHAW
No details beyond that it was a vertical triple expansion engine. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

DAISYFIELD MILL. BURY
W AND J HUTCHINSON LTD (1837). BURY
1000hp single beam triple expansion beam engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1903. 28”HP x3ft stroke, 32”IP x 4ft stroke, 44”LP x 6ft stroke. 120psi, 41 ½” rpm. 28ft flywheel, 26 ropes. 33ft 6” beam. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valves on IP and LP. Air pump driven by rod from beam. Slide valves driven from below. Eccentrics on bevel-driven cross shaft. Large cross girders for beam bearing supported by two circular columns.

NILE MILL. HOLLINWOOD
2500hp double beam triple expansion engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1898. 32”HP x 3ft 6” stroke, 38” IP x 4ft 9” stroke. 52”LP x 7ft stroke. One set on each beam. 160psi, 50rpm. 23ft very heavy built-up flywheel with 160 tooth gear driving an 8ft 6” pinion with 59 teeth. Corliss valves on HP cylinders. Slide valves on all others. 34” diameter X 3ft 6” stroke air pumps driven by rods from each beam. 19” diameter crankshaft with 30” long bearings. Eccentrics on bevel-driven cross shaft. Large cross girder for beam supported by circular columns.
[Watkins records: Nile Mill, Hollinwood, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. When projected in 1898, the Nile with 104,000 spindles was the largest ring spinning mill in the world, and was historically significant since it was the last cotton mill to be built with the traditional beam engine, gear and vertical shaft drive. Designed by J. H. Tattersall, it was a double engine with a complete triple-expansion engine on each beam and cost over £ 10,000. The Corliss-valve high-pressure cylinders were 32in bore by 4ft 9in stroke, and the slide-valve intermediate and low pressures were 38in by 4ft 9in and 52in by 7ft stroke. Running at 38rpm, it developed 2,400hp using steam at 160psi from four of the five boilers. The pressure was later allowed up to 170psi, and was still so in 1960 when after a very successful life, the mill closed and all was scrapped.

TAY MILL. HIGGINSHAW, OLDHAM
As Nile Mill engine. Designed by John Tattersall of Preston. Drawings in Birmingham Museum. Winsor Mill[sic]

FOX MILLS. OLDHAM
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION
Mr Enoch Booth.
1800hp single Manhattan engine by George Saxon, 1909. 28”HP (vertical), 57”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 78 ½ rpm. 22ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Webbed crank and four bearing crankshaft with flanged coupling. Air pump driven by bell crank from LP tail rod which has Support guides. Two eccentrics for vertical HP cylinder are outside of the bearing.

SADDLEWORTH WOOLLEN CO. DELPH
350hp tandem compound engine by Broadbent of Huddersfield, 1899. 15”HP, 29”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. Right hand engine. 180psi, 75rpm. 13ft flywheel, 8 ropes. Corliss valves on front HP cylinder, slide valve on LP. Air pump driven from LP tail rod bell crank. [Is this Oak Dale Mill, Delph?]

IRIS MILL. HATHERSHAW. OLDHAM
Mr Tetlow. 1876[?]
2000hp double beam twin compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1898 compounded. Tow 34”HP x 3ft stroke. Two 54”LP x 6ft stroke. 180psi, 38 ½ rpm. 19ft built-up flywheel. 22”wide gear teeth driving 7ft pinion. Corliss inlet and piston exhaust valves on HP cylinders. Slide valves on LP cylinders driven from below. 34” diameter x 3ft 6” stroke air pumps driven by rods from the beams. Bevel driven cross shafts with eccentrics for the HP valves. Beams 30ft centres. Four fluted columns with turned bases support cross girders. This engine made by Wood Brothers originally? With two simple cylinders at 75psi. Three new Adamson boilers in 1957.

DURBAN MILL. OLDHAM
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION
Mr Fletcher.
1800hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by Yates and Thom, 1906. 24”HP, 29”IP, two 38”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 65rpm. 27ft, 67 ton flywheel, 38 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Guide under block between cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

KENT MILL. OLDHAM
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION
Mr Durham.
1500hp cross compound engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1909. 25”HP, 52”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 64rpm. 26ft flywheel, 28 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Hollow, turned extension support for each tailrod.

BELL MILL. OLDHAM
1500hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1905. 25”HP, 36”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 62rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

HERON MILL. OLDHAM
HERON MILL. HOLLINWOOD
1400hp vertical cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1902. 26”HP, 50”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 80rpm. 16ft flywheel, 32 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pumps driven from LP crosshead.

CAIRO MILL. OLDHAM [Ferranti in 2008]
1000hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon of Manchester, 1904. 18 ½”HP. 29”IP and 47”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. I

DEVON MILL. OLDHAM
1200hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1910. 25”HP, 52”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 62rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

SUMMERVALE MILL. OLDHAM
1650hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1919. 31”HP, 61”LP X 6ft stroke. 160psi, 55rpm. 16 ½ ft flywheel, gear drive. Corliss valves on both cylinders. 144 teeth driving 67 teeth.

GLEN MILL. OLDHAM
1700hp twin tandem compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1904. Two 20” HP and two 44”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

MAPLE MILL. OLDHAM
1000hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1904. 18 ½” HGP, 29”” IP, 47”LP X 4ft stroke. 185psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

MARLBOROUGH 1&2. OLDHAM
Two 1700hp vertical triple expansion engines by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1907. 25”HP, 38”IP and 60”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

ARGYLL MILL. FAILSWORTH
Mr Cunane[sic].
2000hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1908. 26”HP, 53”LP X 5ft stroke. 195psi, 67 ½”rpm. 26ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Circular tail rod support on each cylinder. Air pump drive from each crosshead.

MANOR MILL. OLDHAM
1500hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1907. 25”HP, 52”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 64 ½ rpm. 26ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Hollow turned extension support for each tail rod.

ROYTON RING MILL. OLDHAM
[LCC]
Mr Wilson.
1700hp cross compound engine by Urmston and Thompson, 1908. 29”HP, 59”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 67rpm. 24ft flywheel, 36rpm. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP tail rod with support guides on LP only. This engine is like Mars Mill.

WARWICK MILL. MIDDLETON
Mr Halsall.
1500hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1909. 25”HP, 52”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 65rpm. 26ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Turned supports on pedestals to both tail rods.

GRAPE MILL. OLDHAM
2500hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, 1906. 29 ½” HP and 60”LP X 5ft stroke. 185psi, 68rpm. 26ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Drop valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Hollow turned support guides to tail rods. Trunk guides.

ACE MILL. OLDHAM
Mr Garlick.
2500hp cross compound engine by Urmston and Thompson, 1920. 31”HP, 65”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 64rpm. 26ft flywheel, 42 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pumps driven from LP tail rod which has large double support guides. Single support to HP rod. Trip gear in valve rods.

A B STOTT. ROYTON
OSBORNE MILLS ABRAHAM STOTT. BUSK
Mr Southest.
1500hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1913. 28”HP, 54”LP, X 4ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 160psi, 75rpm. 20ft flywheel, 34 ropes. Air pump driven from LP tail rod with support guides. Single support for HP tail rod guide. Trunk guides.

ALSO
1200hp steam turbine by Parsons Ltd. 5000rpm geared down to 330rpm. Three Lancashire boilers, oil-fired.

DELTA MILL. OLDHAM
DELTA MILL. ROYTON
1500hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, Bolton, 1902. 29”HP, 56”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 140psi, 61rpm. 26ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Support guides to each tail rod.

ELK MILL. ROYTON
SHILOH SPINNERS. ROYTON
[Arthur has this down as LCC but he is wrong. Owned by the Gartside family firm, Shiloh Spinners right through its life. Never entered any of the amalgamations.]
2600hp two stage steam turbine by Parsons Ltd, 1926. Turbine each side of the gearbox with shaft drive at one end to a 4ft diameter 40 rope drum. Other end direct coupled to a 750KVA alternator. Trope driven air pump with surface condenser. 260psi steam at 520degrees superheat. Turbine runs at 5000rpm geared down to 330rpm. Three Lancashire boilers, oil-fired.
[Watkins records: The Elk Mill Company, Royton, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. The turbine was the most compact of all mill drives, frequently adopted to replace old power units, though some mills were specially built for turbine drive. Elk, of 1926, the last steam-driven cotton spinning mill built in the UK, was thus. The double-cylinder Parsons turbine, works No 2028, developed 2,600hp at 5,000rpm and drove through a gearbox which, reducing the speed to 333 rpm, drove the Elk mill by 50 ropes from a 5ft pulley and the Shiloh mill nearby from a 728kW alternator. Superheated steam at 260psi was supplied from four Daniel Adamson boilers in a highly economical plant, and the turbines and gearbox were only 16ft long overall.]

REGENT MILL. OLDHAM
Mr Hardman.
2000hp vertical triple expansion engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1906. 24”HP, 39”IP and 63”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 64rpm. 26ft flywheel, 26 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. 16”, built up, eight bearing crankshaft. Lumb governor.

MALTA MILL. MIDDLETON
1200hp vertical triple expansion engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1904. 20”HP, 32”IP, 52”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 72rpm. 22ft flywheel, 32 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Eight bearing crankshaft. Stopped 1963.

SUN MILL. OLDHAM
3000hp vertical triple expansion engine by Scott and Hodgson, Guide Bridge, 1908. 29”HP, 42”IP, 73”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 70rpm. 26ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

CROMER MILL. MIDDLETON
Mr Booth.
2000hp vertical triple expansion engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1904. 25”HP, 38”IP, 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 200psi, 80rpm. 22 ft flywheel, 34 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Built-up crankshaft as Malta engine. Stopped 1963.

WHITELANDS. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
1100hp twin tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, 1883. Two 24”HP, two 46”LP X 6ft stroke. 90psi, 50rpm. 20 ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pumps driven from each crosshead.

CURZON MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
1200hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon, no date. 20”HP, 32”IP and two 37”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

ROCK MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
Mr George Gee.
1250hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon, 1892. 22”HP, 36”IP, two 40”LP X 6ft stroke. 120psi, ?rpm. 16ft geared flywheel, 18” wide. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pumps driven by crossheads. Gearing is 120 teeth on to 54 teeth, 4 7/8” pitch.

HURST MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
LANCS. ASBESTOS COMPANY
2300hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon, no date. 25”HP, 38”IP and 62”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 77rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven by LP crosshead. (130,000 spindles, 1600 looms)

TEXAS MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
Mr G Gee.
1500hp vertical three cylinder compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, altered in 1921. 28”HP (centre), 33”IP and 51”LP X 4ft stroke. 170psi, 78rpm. 22ft flywheel mounted at end of shaft driving 28 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pumps driven from LP and IP crossheads. Built as a triple expansion in 1907 at 1200hp. New 51”LP cylinder, old 21”HP removed and IP used for HP.

TUDOR MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
Mr P Taylor.
1800hp triple expansion vertical engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1906. 22 ½”HP, 34”IP and 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 18ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves to all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Saxon governor at the HP end of the bed.

GROSVENOR MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
Second-hand inverted [vertical] cross compound.

DIAMOND ROPE WORKS. ROYTON
Engine named ‘Lily’,
350hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by Scott and Hodgson, 1900. 18”HP, 33”LP X 2ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 100rpm. 14ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on HP, Piston slide valve on LP. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Two web crank. Four bearings with the flywheel outside the bed.
[Now in preservation at Bolton Steam Museum. (NMES) An inverted vertical compound engine with Corliss valve gear built by Scott & Hodgson Ltd of Guide Bridge in 1914 for Hardman and Ingham’s Diamond Rope Works, Royton, Lancs.]

CEDAR MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
Mr Briggs.
1500hp triple expansion vertical engine by George Saxon, 1905. 20”HP, 32”IP, 50”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 75rpm. 22 ft flywheel, 28 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Saxon governor at the HP end of the bed.

MONARCH MILL. OLDHAM
Engine named: ‘Alexandra’ and Edward VII’. Mr Catlin
2500hp twin tandem compound engine by George Saxon, 1903. Two 22”HP and two 45”LP (front) X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 200psi, 63rpm. 26ft flywheel, 35 ropes. Lumb governor, no tail rods but semi-circular supports to piston rods between each pair of cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

RIDGEFIELD SPINNING COMPANY. FAILSWORTH
1200hp Manhattan compound engine by George Saxon, 1911. 25”HP, 51”LP, X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 22 ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves.

MAGNET MILL. OLDHAM
Mr Leng.[?]
2200hp twin tandem compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1903. Two 20”HP and two 44”LP 9front) X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 160psi, 64 ½ rpm. 27ft flywheel, 35 ropes. No tail rods but semi-circular supports to piston rods between each pair of cylinders. Air pumps driven from each crosshead.

ROY MILL. OLDHAM
2000hp twin tandem engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1906. Two 20”HP and two 38”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 70rpm. 28ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves to HP cylinders, Slide valve LP. Air pumps drive from both crossheads. Tailrod supports to both LP cylinders. New crankshaft in 1945?.

HAWTHORN MILL. OLDHAM
HAWTHORN. CHADDERTON
Mr Thorp. Mr Rainford. Left hand HP named ‘Samuel’, right hand named ‘Esther’.
1250hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon, 1878 and altered in 1910. 31”HP, 32”IP, two 36”LP X 5ft stroke. Lumb governor. 180psi, 55rpm. 26ft flywheel, 28 ropes. LP slide valve cylinders at the front (original) with valves at outside driven by eccentrics on return crank drive shafts. HP and IP Corliss cylinders are driven by bevel geared cross shaft near cylinders which drives the governor as well and has 2 eccentrics for the Corliss motion at either end. No tail rods. Air pump drive from each crosshead. Double guide bars. Lovely engine.

PALM MILL COMPANY LTD. OLDHAM
1200hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1884. 27”HP, 51”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. Slide valves. 90psi, 70rpm. 20ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

WILTON MILL. RADCLIFFE
LCC. Mr Ted Sugden.
1500hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by Galloway, Manchester, 1908. 23”HP, 36”IP, two 40”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 63rpm. 26ft flywheel, 37 ropes. HP is rear left cylinder. Direct drive to Corliss valves on all cylinders. Very massive bed with double cast iron guide bars. LP cylinders at the front, no name on engine. No tailrod supports but semi-circular support guides between each pair of cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

ROBERT HYDE. MILLBROOK
SPRING GROVE MILLS. MILLBROOK, STALEYBRIDGE
500hp tandem compound engine by Benjamin Goodfellow Ltd, 1897. 11”HP, 24”LP X 30” stroke. Slide valves. 160psi, 94rpm. 16ft flywheel with 8 grooves. Bevel gear. HP cylinder in front with expansion valve controlled by the governor. No air pump, running water condenser.

PETER CROOK LTD. FARNWORTH
DRAKE MILL. FARNWORTH
1400hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, Blackburn, 1906. 27”HP, 56”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 165psi, 69 ½ rpm. 24ft flywheel, 37 ropes. Forked connecting rod, trunk guides. Tail rod support guides to both cylinders with an air pump driven from each.

MOSTON MILL. MANCHESTER
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION.
1600hp right handed, tandem compound engine by Carel Freres, Ghent, order number 875, 1909. 30”HP, 53”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 90rpm. 21ft flywheel, 62 tons, ? ropes. Drop valves on both cylinders. Airpump driven from crank pin. Tail rod support guide. This engine was originally going to be a twin tandem. Crank and trunk guide casting on the left.
[Watkins records: Moston Mill, Moston, Nr Manchester. Cotton Spinning. Intended to be a double mill eventually, Moston was built with the crankshaft, and flywheel for the full power, and provided with the bed for the other half the engine upon which the outer end of the crankshaft ran. Built by Carels Brothers, Ghent, Belgium in 1909, it was their works no 875, with cylinders 30 and 53 bore by 3ft 11 ¼ in stroke. Developing 1,200hp at 90rpm, superheated steam 200psi was supplied by Tetlow boilers. The flywheel, 19ft in diameter, was provided with the sixty rope grooves that the full power would have require The second half of the mill, however, was never completed, and in 1958 electric drives were installed, and the engine was scrapped. Typical of Continent design, six or more of Carels' engines were installed in Lancashire mills in the early 1900s.]

CENTURY MILL. FARNWORTH
LCC.
1500hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1902. 26”HP, 54”LP X 5ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 190psi, 59rpm. 27ft flywheel, 45 ropes. Trip gear in valve rods. Single support guide to each cylinder with the air pump driven from the LP tail rod.

SAXON. DROYLSDEN
Mr J Taylor.
1500hp cross compound engine by Daniel Adamson, 1907. 27”HP, 56”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 65 ½ rpm. 24 ft flywheel, (bored) [plug fit?] 36 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from the LP tail rod. Single support guides to each tail rod. Whitehead governor. New Cylinders by George Saxon, in 1915.

RUGBY MILL. OLDHAM
RUGBY MILL. CHADDERTON
1200hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1910. 25”HP, 52”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 62rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

RAM MILL. OLDHAM
1800hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1909. 30”HP, 60”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 65rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

ROLLING MILL. OLDHAM
Inverted vertical cross compound engine by Buckley and Taylor.

MERSEY MILL. OLDHAM
MERSEY MILL. FAILSWORTH
1600hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1909. 26”HP, 53”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 65rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

VINE MILL. OLDHAM
VINE MILL. ROYTON
2400hp twin tandem compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1898. Two22”HP, two 44”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 62rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

GORDON MILL. OLDHAM
Buckley and Taylor engine.

BEE SPINNING CO (ROYTON) LTD. ROYTON
1400hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1901. 23 ½”HP 36 ½”IP and two 40 ½”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 60rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

HOPE SPINNING CO. FAILSWORTH
[No trace in 1941 directory but definitely in business in 1912]
1200hp vertical cross compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1908. 25”HP, 51”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP condenser.

LARK SPINNING CO. HOLLINWOOD
2500hp twin tandem compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1901. Two 20”HP, two 45”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 60rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

LEES BROOK MILL. OLDHAM
1200hp cross compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1886. 21”HP (rear), 48”LP X 6ft stroke. Originally slide valves. 120psi, 35rpm. ?ft plain flywheel. Spur gear drive and vertical bevels. HP Corliss cylinders added and valves worked from cross shaft in 1906. New cylinders at same time.

CROAL SPINNING CO. BOLTON
Engine named ‘Shelagh’. Mr Vickers.
1300hp vertical triple expansion engine by Yates and Thom of Blackburn, 1908. 21 ½”HP, 34”IP, 55”LP X 4ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 180psi, 81rpm. 22ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Overhung cranks, flywheel central. Light return crank from HP drives Lumb governor. Tail rods on all cylinders and six bearing crank shaft.
[Watkins records: The Croal Spinning Co, Bolton. Cotton Spinning. 'Shelagh' was built by Yates & Thom in 1908, to develop 1,300hp at 82rpm. The cylinders were 21.5, 34, and 55in bore by 4ft stroke, and were supplied with superheated steam at 160psi by three Yates & Thom boilers which retained the original working pressure fifty years later. Originally the mill was driven from the 22ft 6in flywheel by 36 ropes, but by 1957 the load consisted of three alternators driving the mill by motors; however, some years later the current was taken from the Grid, and the engine was scrapped. Interesting features were: that there was no entablature connecting the tops of the columns, but the cylinders were made monobloc by flange connections. The high-pressure cylinder drove by a half or overhung crank, but was fitted with a box type of big end, whilst, most rare for vertical mill engines, each piston was fitted with a 2.5in diameter tail rod projecting through the top covers, working in tubular cases.]

NORTH END SPINNING CO LTD. BOLTON
BLACKBURN ROAD. BOLTON
Arthur notes this as Hesketh’s, Astley Bridge. Mr Johnson.
1600hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, Bolton, 1903. 28”HP, 58”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 62rpm. 26ft, 62 ton, flywheel, 48 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Twin air pumps driven from LP crosshead. Support guides to both tail rods.
[Entries like this intrigue me. The figure for horse power looks about right given the engine details but looking at 48 ropes one wonders whether it was originally installed to be capable of enlarging, perhaps to twin tandem. A good rule of thumb is to regard each rope as being capable of transmitting 50hp. In which case the designer was looking for an eventual output of about 2400hp. The big problem that they had at Ellenroad when it was raised from 1700hp to 2500hp was that they couldn’t get a wider flywheel between the beds and so had to use 42 ropes pressed at times to 2800hp.]

FLASH STREET MILL. BOLTON
ORMROD, HARDCASTLE CO. BOLTON
[I have seen three different spellings for the name of this firm but this spelling ‘Ormrod’ is the one used in both the Manchester Roy. Exch. and Worrall directories and so is probably the most likely.]
1000hp vertical triple expansion engine by Victor Coates, Belfast, 1900. 18”HP, 28”IP, 48”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 82rpm. 22ft flywheel, 26 ropes(?). Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Out in 1956 (GW).
[Watkins records: Ormerod, Hardcastle & Co, Flash St Mill, Bolton. Cotton Spinning. One of the few Irish engines fitted in Lancashire spinning mills, this was built by Victor Coates & Co, Belfast, in 1900. Designed to develop 1,000hp at about 85rpm, it was never fully loaded as the projected mill extension was not completed. The cylinders were 18, 28, and 48in bore by 3ft 6in stroke, all coupled together, and with the Corliss-valves all across the crankshaft centre line. The flywheel, fitted with the 'H' section arms used by Irish and Scottish builders, (see also early Yates engines like Jubilee which had ‘H’ section arms) was 22ft diameter, grooved for 39 ropes to drive the mill floors. At Flash St the centre cylinder was supported by two massive forged steel columns. It was scrapped when the mill was converted to electric drive in the late 1950s.]

ORMROD, HARDCASTLE CO. BOLTON
COLUMBIA STREET MILL. BOLTON
J and E Wood engine, 1906. 700hp. 18”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 18ft flywheel. 160psi.

EAGLEY MILL. BOLTON
UNITED THREAD MILLS. BOLTON
[BRANCH OF J AND P COATS IN 1941]
800hp single cylinder engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1884. 52” diameter cylinder X 6ft stroke. 65psi, 60rpm. 24ft flywheel, 11ft 6” wide. Corliss valves. Three driving belts. Air pump driven from crosshead. Support guide to tail rod. [See entry for Crosses and Winkworth, Rose hill number 3 mill, Bolton, where there was a similar engine.]

GREAT LEVER SPINNING CO LTD. BOLTON
Mr Sharrocks.
1500hp vertical cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1905. 28”HP, 57”LP X 4ft stroke. 165psi, 75.6rpm[sic]. 22ft flywheel, 42 ropes. 1 ¾” diameter ropes 238ft long. Lumb governor. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

WILLIAM WALKER. BOLTON
ROSE HILL TANNERY. BOLTON
Mr Riley. Engine named ‘Elizabeth’.
800hp right hand tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, Bolton, 1926. 27”HP, 32”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 136rpm. 14ft massive plain flywheel. Drop valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from enclosed crank at the end of the crank shaft. Three bearing main shaft. Enclosed engine with steam jacketed LP cylinder (front). Mather and Platt 600KVA alternator on engine shaft with 10ft rotor and exciter. David Pimblot, engineer.

BARLOW AND JONES. BOLTON
1600hp single cylinder Uniflow engine by J Musgrave, Bolton, 1925. 40” diameter cylinder X 4ft stroke. Left hand engine. 160psi, 124rpm. 15ft flywheel, ? ropes. Drop valves. Tail rod. Air pump driven from crank at end of crankshaft.
[Watkins records: Barlow &Jones, Prospect Mill, Bolton. Cotton Spinning and Weaving. Made in 1925, this was the largest and almost the last Uniflow made by Musgraves. Designed to develop 1,600hp at 120rpm, the cylinder was 40in bore by 3ft 8in stroke, driving by 40 ropes to the mill and a 525kW alternator for the weaving shed. No air pump was fitted for the condenser, the vacuum being maintained by a Musgrave Radojet air ejector. This engine in later years was fitted with a lightweight piston and tail rod, all being scrapped when electric driving was installed.]

BARLOW AND JONES. BOLTON
See also Eagley Mill, Bolton which had a similar engine.
2000hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1913. 26”HP, 52”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 24ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves.

WILLIAM HEATON. BOLTON
DELPH HILL MILL. BOLTON
LOSTOCK BRIDGE.
1000HP CROSS COMPOUND ENGINE BY j Musgrave, Bolton, 1903. 21 ½”HP, 43”LP X 4 ft stroke. 170psi, 73rpm. 28ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. All power on to alternator.

ALSO
1500hp triple expansion horizontal engine by J Musgrave, Bolton, 1901. 21”HP, 32”IP, 50”LP X 5ft stroke. 170psi, 62rpm. 28ft, 90 ton, flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from the LP crosshead. Tail rod support guides to LP Cylinder. Support guides between HP and IP cylinders. (Sam Mellor and Tom Yates, Musgrave’s men)

SWAN LANE (1&2). BOLTON
Mr Booth.
Two 1500hp cross compound engines by George Saxon of Openshaw, 1903 and 1906. 26”HP, 52”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 64rpm. 26ft flywheel, 35 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pumps driven from the crossheads.

ALSO
SWAN LANE NO. 3 MILL. BOLTON
2000hp triple expansion vertical engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1915. 27”HP, 42”IP, 62”LP x 4ft stroke. 150psi, 80rpm. 25ft, 60 ton, flywheel, 44ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Two air pumps driven from IP and LP crossheads. Eight bearing crankshaft in sections coupled together.
[Watkins records: Swan Lane Mill Co, Bolton, Nos 1 and 2 mills. Cotton Spinning. A fine example of management at its best, Swan Lane not only completed the original twin mill plan, but in 1914 built the No 3 mill. No 1 was built in 1903, and driven by a cross compound by Geo Saxon of Manchester, works No 352. Developing 1,300hp at 62rpm, the cylinders were 26 and 52in bore by 5ft stroke, which, using steam at 160psi, drove the mill by 35 ropes from the 26ft flywheel. No 2 mill was completed in 1906 ' when the engine room was extended, and No 2 engine, identical with No 1, but running at 65rpm to develop 1,400hp, was installed. The two thus drove the No 1 mill to the left, and No 2 to the right, retaining the brick wall between the two rope races to reduce the fire risk. Ten boilers in one row continued to steam the mill and the three engines until, in 1959, motor-driven ring frames were installed, but one of the engines continued to drive the lower floor of No 1 and No 2 mills for some time after.]

MUSGRAVE SPINNING COMPANY. BOLTON
ATLAS MILLS. BOLTON
Mr T Stanley, chief engineer. Mr Holt.
2500hp twin tandem engine by J Musgrave, 1888. Two 24 ½”HP and two 46”LP X 6ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 120psi, 61rpm. 32ft, 90ton, flywheel, 60 ropes. Air pump driven from each crosshead. HP inlet valves at top are inside drive. HP exhaust valves at bottom are outside drive. LP exhaust valves at bottom are outside drive. LP inlet valves at bottom(?) are inside drive.

BEEHIVE MILL. BOLTON
2000hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1905/06. 22”HP, 34”IP, two 42”LP X 6ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 140psi, 61rpm. 28ft, 90ton flywheel, 42 ropes. Air pump drive from each crosshead. Inlet valves (top) are inside drive. Exhaust valves (bottom) are outside drive. Cross shaft with two eccentrics on each end between each pair of cylinders. Two engines in separate rooms.

CROSS AND WINKWORTH. BOLTON
Mr Nightingale.
1250hp tandem engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1877. 22”HP, 40”LP X 8ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 160psi, 52rpm. 30ft, 85 ton flywheel, 8ft wide. Air pump driven from crosshead. Built as a single cylinder. In 1925 an HP cylinder was added at the rear by Yates and Thom with a trunk guide between the cylinders and also a tail rod support. 36” and 45” wide belt drives.
[Watkins records: Crosses & Winkworth, Rose Hill, no 3 Mill, Bolton. Cotton Spinning. Built by Hick Hargreaves & Co, Bolton in 1877, this remarkable engine ran as a single cylinder for 50 years. The cylinder was 39 ¾ in by 8ft stroke, with Corliss-valves, steam being supplied by four boilers at 90psi. When the boilers were worn out in 1925 it was decided to convert it to a tandem compound, and this was done by Yates & Thom of Blackburn, who fitted the rear cylinder, of 22in bore, together with three boilers for 160psi. It then developed 1,000hp at 57rpm until the mill was closed, all being scrapped in 1960. The single cylinder and massive belt drives were examples of the American influence sometimes met in the 1870s, the main belts being 45in and 38in wide, each driving to a countershaft and by belts to the several floors. The flywheel was 3oft diameter, and as a tandem, the engine was 89ft long.]

JOSEPH JOHNSON. BOLTON
DEANE SHED. BOLTON
350hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, 1900. 17”HP, 34”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 78rpm. 17ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Valves at bottom. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

DOVE SPINNING CO LTD. BOLTON
EGYPTIAN MILLS. FARNWORTH. BOLTON
1400hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1905. 26”HP, 53”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 65rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. This company also operated Deane Church Lane mill.

HORROCKS AND CREWDSON. BOLTON
MOSES GATE WEAVING SHED. BOLTON
1600hp cross compound engine by Hick Hargreaves, no date. 25”HP,50”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 80 rpm. 22ft flywheel, 35 ropes. All Corliss valves. Air pump driven from the crosshead.

OCEAN MILL. BOLTON
OCEAN SPINNING CO LTD. GREAT LEVER
1400hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1905. 26”HP, 53”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 65rpm. 26ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

HORROCKS AND CREWDSON. BOLTON
LORNE STREET MILLS. MOSES GATE
2400hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1914. 33”HP, 66”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 80rpm. 24ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven by bell crank from tail rod.

THIS ENGINE NOT RECORDED BY ARTHUR.
Watkins records: Horrocks, Crewdson & Co, Preston
. [Is this Fishwick Street Mill?] Cotton Spinning. [According to 1941 Worrall, 320,000 spindles and 7,500 looms]
Watkins records: 'King' and 'Queen' was built by Hick Hargreaves, Bolton, in 1915, and was works No 715. Designed to develop 2,000hp, the cylinders were 30 and 60in bore by 5ft stroke, running at 65rpm, and using steam at 180psi. The 46-rope drive from the 25ft flywheel was split; most of the ropes went forward to the mill shaft, those driving to the rear were for an alternator supplying motors in another section. Widespread use of Grid current, and motor drives in later years led to the scrapping of the several engines, but the concern stopped producing in the early 1960s after 150 years in business.

JUBILEE ROOM AND POWER CO. PADIHAM
PROGRESS MILL. PADIHAM
[Not recorded by Arthur]
[George Watkins records: The jubilee Room & Power Co, Padiham, Lancs. Cotton Weaving. Built as Progress Mill for J. Roberts in 1888 with a single shed, sufficient power was provided to drive two. The engine was made by W. & J. Yates of Blackburn, fitted with cylinders of 21 and 42in bore by 5ft stroke, with cross cut-off valves on the high-pressure cylinder, but with the overspeed control combined in a single governor. The drive was by a gear ring on the flywheel arms, and when the new shed was added in 1906, it was driven by bevel gears from the original second motion shaft. The full 600hp was then required, and the engine ran at 56rpm, the steam being supplied at 140psi, at first by two three-flued boilers by W. &J. Yates, which were replaced by three twin-flue boilers by Yates & Thom in 1906. It still ran perfectly at eighty years old, well kept and most attractive with its original wooden lagging. In its last days the engine suffered from problems in the main bearings, particularly the left hand (LP) side overheating. H Brown and Pickles did a temporary repair, relieving the shoulders of the brasses, which kept the engine going. When Gissing and Lonsdale dismantled the engine in preparation for its relocation at Masson Mill we found that the bottom brasses were completely worn out and cracked in several places. I had new bottom brasses cast at the Lily Injector Works (Richard Bonser) at Rochdale and these were machined and fitted by Gissing and Lonsdale. See the entry on Baitings Mill for SCG notes on ‘The Last Weaving Shed in Lancashire’.]

COPPULL RING MILL. COPPULL
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. COPPULL
1600hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and E Wood, 1906. 19 ½”HP, 31”IP, two 34”LP X 5ft stroke. 200psi, 68rpm. Corliss valves on all cylinders. All valves at bottom and no trip gear on LP cylinders. Normal arrangement on HP and IP cylinders. Twin air pumps driven from each crosshead. 26ft flywheel, 36 ropes.

JAMES FLETCHER. CHORLEY
BROOK STREET MILL. CHORLEY
Mr Tom Pearce.
150hp single beam engine by J Musgrave, 1850. HP added 1880. 18”HP X 24”stroke. 26”LP X 42” stroke. 100psi (70), 46rpm. 14ft flywheel, gear drive. All slide valves but trip expansion on HP. Air pump driven from beam.

MAVIS MILL. COPPULL
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. COPPULL
2000hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and E Wood, 1909. 21”HP, 33”IP and two 37”LP X 6ft stroke. 200psi, 69rpm. Corliss valves on all cylinders. All valves at bottom and no trip on LP cylinder, normal gear on HP and IP. Twin air pumps driven from each crosshead. 26ft flywheel, 36 ropes.

TALBOT MILL. CHORLEY
TALBOT SPINNING AND WEAVING COMPANY. CHORLEY
1600hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and E Wood, 1907. 20”HP, 31”IP, two 34”LP X 5ft stroke. 200psi, 36 ropes. Corliss valves, all at bottom of cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Tail rod supports to each cylinder.

UNION SPINNING CO LTD. BOLTON
1200hp tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. 28”HP, 52”LP X 6ft stroke. 100psi, 50rpm. 32ft flywheel, 28 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

PROSPECT MILL NO 2. BOLTON
100hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. 26”HP, 48”LP X 6ft stroke. 100psi, 50rpm. 32ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

JOHN GILLETT. CHORLEY
CROSSE HALL WORKS (WEAVING). CHORLEY
This Ferranti vertical compound engine was originally installed at Deptford electricity generating station, London. In 1900 it was moved to Gillett’s and worked here until 1962 when it was moved again to the Ferranti Works at Hollinwood, near Oldham. See the Ferranti entry below for more details.

PERSIAN MILL. BOLTON
1200hp tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. 30”HP, 50”LP X 6ft stroke. 80psi, 56 ½ rpm. 32 ft flywheel, 28 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from the crosshead.

HOWE BRIDGE SPINNING MILL. BOLTON
HOWE BRIDGE. ATHERTON
Number 3. 1500hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. 32”HP, 60”LP X 7ft stroke. 100psi, 47rpm. 24ft flywheel, 34 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

BEDFORD. LEIGH
[THIS LOOKS LIKE COURTAULDS, BEDFORD NEW MILL]
Mr J Barnes.
1500hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1913. 23”HP, 50”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 67rpm. 24ft flywheel, 33 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Trunk guides on both cylinders. Air pump drive from LP tail rod. Tail rod supports to each cylinder.

ALSO UNDER SAME HEADING
Mr J Barnes.
1400hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, 1910. 25”HP, 48”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 67rpm. 24ft flywheel, 33 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. All valves at bottom. Air pump drive from each crosshead.

BROOKLANDS MILL. LEIGH
Mr Waterworth.
1600hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, Bolton. 1893. 26”HP, 50”LP X 6ft stroke. 140psi, 52rpm. 30ft flywheel, 27 ropes. Corliss valves at bottom of all cylinders. Air pump drive from LP crosshead. Tail rod supports to both cylinders. All power on to alternator.

BUTTS MILL. LEIGH
1500hp cross compound engine by Carel Freres, Ghent, 191?. Very few details; 66rpm, 66 ropes, drop valves.

LEIGH SPINNING CO. LEIGH
Mr Fitton.
1800hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, Blackburn, 1912. 24”HP, 48”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 67 ½ rpm. 26ft flywheel, 45 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Double air pump driven from LP tail rod. Support guides to each tail rod and trunk guides.

ALSO
1600hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1912. 23”HP, 46”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 67 ½”LP X 5ft stroke. 26ft flywheel, 33 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders, double air pumps driven from LP tail rod. Support guides on both tail rods and trunk guides.
[The last I heard of these engines is that the surviving one I saw in the 1980s is still there. I do not know which of the two it is. The thing that struck me about the engine was the Yates and Thom practice of making everything on the lathe if they could. Trunk guides are bored of course and the tail rod guides were an arc of a circle, evidently machined on the lathe.]

ALDER MILL. LEIGH
Mr Lord.
1850hp triple expansion vertical engine by Browett and Lindley, 1907. 24”HP, 36”IP and 50”LP X 4ft stroke. 200psi, 80rpm. 24ft flywheel, 45 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Airpump driven from the LP crosshead. Rope-driven governor at the corner of the bed. Stopped July, 1960.

ALSO
250hp compound vertical engine by Browett and Lindley. 180psi, 400rpm.

[Watkins records: The English Combined Mills Co, Alder Mill, Leigh. Cotton Spinning. Notable for being made by a concern better known for high-speed engines, the Alder was one of the three mill engines made by Browett & Lindley, Patricroft. The three cylinders, each fitted with Corliss-valves in line with the crankshaft, and separate from each other, were 22.08, 34, and 56in bore, all by 4ft stroke, and developed 1,800hp at 82rpm. Driving from the 22ft 6in flywheel by 45 ropes, the plant ran unaltered until scrapped when superseded by electric drives in the early 1960s. The four Tinker Shenton's boilers retained the original 200psi working pressure until the end.]

CARRINGTON MILLS CO. LEIGH
KIRKHALL LANE MILLS. LEIGH
450hp tandem compound engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1907. 17 ½”HP, 34”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 85rpm. 18ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

HALL LANE MILL. LEIGH
1600hp Manhattan engine by George Saxon, 1914. 27”HP, 54”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 78rpm. 22 ½ Ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Drop valves on the horizontal HP cylinder and Corliss valves on the vertical LP. Tailrod support on the HP cylinder and a bell crank driving the sir pump. The two cylinders on to one crank (as Fox Mill). Out in 1955.
[Watkins reports: The Hall Lane Spinning Company, Leigh. Cotton Spinning (1914). The vertical-horizontal design, although built many years before, really came into its own with the wonderful Manhattan generating plant in New York in 1904, and Hall Lane was one of several which George Saxon built to this design in the early 1900s. Developing 1,400hp at 75rpm, the horizontal drop-valve high-pressure cylinder was 27in bore and the Corliss-valve low-pressure was 54in bore by 4ft 6in stroke. Both cylinders drove on to one single-web counterbalanced crank, the power being distributed to the mill from the 22ft 6in flywheel, originally by 40 ropes, but after an accident the upper floors, and eventually the whole mill, was converted to motor drives, the mill closing a few years later. The engine and engine-room were Lancashire practice at its best, and no mill engine had a finer entry to the rope race.]

VICTORIA MILL. MILES PLATTING
Two ?hp single crank compound engines by J Musgrave, right and left hand, 1900. 200psi. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from parallel motion lever. Triangulated connecting rod.

ECKERSLEY. WIGAN
SWAN MEADOW AND WESTERN MILLS. WIGAN
Mr Andrews.
1250hp tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, Bolton, 1884. 27”HP, 50”LP X 6ft stroke. 175psi, 52 ½ rpm. 26ft flywheel, 26 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

ALSO
1450hp cross compound engine by J and E Woods, 1888. 28”HP, 54”LP X 6ft stroke. 175psi, 53rpm. 30ft flywheel, 32 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. All valves at the bottom of the cylinders. Pump driven from LP crosshead.

ALSO
1100hp tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, 1882. 26”HP, 46”LP X 6ft stroke. 175psi, 47rpm. 28ft flywheel, 26 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump drive from the crosshead.

ALSO
900hp quadruple expansion vertical engine by J Musgrave, 1894. 17”HP, 24” and 33” IP, 46”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 175psi, 95rpm. 14ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Cylinders at the top. Two on to one triangular connecting rod each side with parallel motion, one lever extended to drive the air pump. These connecting rods have a most peculiar motion, piston rods connected through short links. See engine at Spring Bank Mills, Nelson.

MAY MILL. WIGAN
MAY NUMBER 1 MILL. WIGAN
Lancashire Cotton Corporation. Mr Parkinson.
800hp cross compound engine by B Goodfellow, 1892. 22”HP, 42”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 62rpm. 20ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

MAY NUMBER 2 MILL. WIGAN
Lancashire Cotton Corporation. Mr Robinson.
1500hp cross compound engine by Ashton Frost, 1901. 23 ½”HP, 50”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 62rpm. 28ft flywheel, 34 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Single support tail guides to each tail rod. Polished CI covers over cylinder ends. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

TRENCHERFIELD MILL. WIGAN
Lancashire Cotton Corporation. Mr Moore. Engines named ‘Rina’ and Helen’. 2,500hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J and E Wood of Bolton, 1907. 25”HP, 40”IP, two 44”LP X 5ft stroke. 200psi, 68rpm. 26ft flywheel, 54 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. [Dobson block motion on HP and IP] Air pump driven from each crosshead. Lumb governor. Valves at bottom No tail rod supports.
[I had the dubious distinction of being the bloke who shut this engine down for a time. The engine was built to power a double mill but only one half was built. It was preserved as part of the Wigan Pier complex by Wigan MBC. I was called in to advise on the barring engine and in the course of the visit noticed that the right hand half of the flywheel was loose on its stakes and had moved. This meant that the engine had to be stopped and repairs made. As far as I know these matters have been addressed and the engine is still steamed for the public. One other thing I noted was that the front die block on the left hand HP cylinder Dobson block was loose. I assume they addressed that problem as well. The engine is run at a very slow speed and the two wheels are mounted very close together. I pointed out that this was what was loosening the stakes due to flexing of the shaft but I doubt if this was addressed.]

RYLANDS AND SONS LTD. WIGAN
GIDLOW WORKS. WIGAN
Two 460hp twin cylinder engines by J Musgrave, 186?, altered by Sharples in 1900. 40” diameter cylinders X 6ft stroke. Slide valves. 80psi, 42rpm. 19ft flywheel with gear drive, 6ft pinion. Converted to triple expansion, 17”HP, 32”IP and 40”LP X 5ft stroke. 140psi. Using 40” cylinder as LP. HP and IP in tandem replacing the other 40” cylinder. Corliss valves on HP and IP cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead 9on double side?).

QUEEN MILL. DUKINFIELD
1800hp inverted vertical triple expansion engine by Scott and Hodgson, 1902. 21”HP, 35”IP and 57”LP. 150psi, 70rpm. 26ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss HP and Slide valves on IP and LP. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.
[I like the idea that this engine drove the mill where my mother worked as a beamer in her younger days.]

VICTOR MILL. STALYBRIDGE
1500hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon, 1904. 22 ½”HP, 34”IP, 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 78rpm. 20ft flywheel, ? ropes. Air pump drive from LP crosshead. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

ASTLEY MILL. DUKINFIELD
1500 cross compound engine by Goodfellow and Matthews, 1880. 32”HP, 60”LP X 7ft stroke. 100psi, 50rpm. 34ft flywheel (78 tons) 32 ropes. Corliss valves at the bottom of the cylinders. Airpump driven from the LP crosshead, 46” diameter X 24” stroke. Ramsbottom’s Corliss gear operated by eccentrics on cross shaft.
[Watkins records: Astley Mill, Dukinfield. Cotton Spinning. Surely, in 'Constance', Astley had one of the most delightful mill engines. Built in 1885 by Goodfellows & Matthews, Hyde, she was designed to develop 1,300hp at 50rpm, using steam at 100psi. The cylinders were 32 and 60in bore by 7ft stroke, with the valves below, operated by Ramsbottom's trip gear, driving by a 32ft flywheel 6ftwide, grooved for 34 ropes. This flywheel weighed 80 tons. The crankshaft bearings were 17in diameter by 3ft 4in total length. She ran the successful mill, frequently overloaded, until despite every effort, the depression of the-1930s compelled closure. The open-work cast-iron floor plates, massive trunk frames, very neat lagging, and the marine-type starting platform were all the maker's design features at the period. The total weight was 215 tons, and the low-pressure exhaust valves, 19in diameter, were probably as large as any fitted to a mill engine.]

WELLINGTON MILL. DUKINFIELD
GARTSIDE AND CO. DUKINFIELD
Calico Printers Association.
2000hp inverted vertical triple expansion engine by Scott and Hodgson, no date. 22”HP, 36” IP and 60” LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 72rpm. 26ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

STALYBRIDGE MILL. STALYBRIDGE
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. STALYBRIDGE
Worthington Street. Mr J Fairbrother.
1600hp twin tandem compound engine by Goodfellow and Matthews, 1868. Two 22”HP and two 42”LP X 6ft stroke. 120psi, 55rpm. Air pumps driven by lever from crossheads with guides between HP and LP cylinders. 30ft flywheel, 27 ropes. Built as a 1000hp engine with all Corliss cylinders at 80psi. HP cylinders at front. Rebuilt in 1925(?) by Scott and Hodgson as a 1600hp engine on 120psi. LP cylinders at front with slide valves, Corliss HP cylinders. Marine type connecting rods and trunk guides.

CRESCENT MILL. DUKINFIELD
BOWKER AND BALL. DUKINFIELD
850hp vertical cross compound engine by Scott and Hodgson, 1912. 24”HP, 41”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 175psi, 88rpm. 19ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss valves on HP and piston slide valve on LP. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Two eccentrics and one narrow one for the Corliss valves. (As Silsden) One eccentric with circular guide near piston valve. Double CI columns, slipper guides on one edge of each. Whitehead governor. Twin cylinder inverted vertical barring engine.

BRISTOL COTTON COMPANY. BRISTOL
1800 hp twin tandem compound engine by W and J Yates, 1885. Slide valves on all cylinders which are close together in tandem pairs.

GREENWICH POWER STATION
Two 4,500hp twin Manhattan engines by J Musgrave, May 1906. Two 33 ½”HP, two 66” LP X 4ft stroke. HP cylinders vertical. 180psi, 94rpm. 20 ft flywheel, ? ropes. Generators on engine shaft. Corliss valves on LP and drop valves on HP cylinders. Air pumps driven from vertical crossheads. Manhattan Allis Chambers, out in 1925. [?]

SOUTHAMPTON ELECTRICITY WORKS
Two 900hp cross compound engines by Pollitt and Wigzell, no date. 21”HP, 45”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 100rpm. 14ft plain flywheels. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Generator on engine shaft. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

PEAR NEW MILL. BREDBURY
Out in 1962. Mr Jim Price.
5000hp twin Manhattan engine by George Saxon, 1912. Two 30”HP, two 60” LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 80 ½ rpm. 23ft flywheel, 76 ropes. Drop valves on horizontal HP cylinders, Corliss valves on vertical LP cylinders. Tail rod support guides on HP cylinders. Air pumps driven from LP crossheads.

GORSEY BANK. STOCKPORT
CHEADLE HEATH CONDENSER MILL
500hp tandem compound engine by J and E Wood, Bolton, 1908. Left hand engine. 17 ½” HP, 31”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 60rpm. 18ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves on all, at bottom. Lumb governor. Air pump driven from bell crank on LP tail rod. Single cylinder inverted barring engine. Very well finished engine. January 1964.[Date of viewing or closure?]

J OPENSHAW. GARGRAVE
[Problem here because it was Johnson and Johnson since 1930s]
AIRE BANK MILL. GARGRAVE
JOHNSON AND JOHNSON. GARGRAVE
Mr Alan Reader, 6 Aire Bank Terrace.
800hp double beam compound engine by Bracewell and Griffiths, Burnley, 1862. Two 30” HP and two 56”LP X 7ft and 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 31 ½” rpm. 24ft flywheel, gear drive. Air pumps driven from beams. McNaughted by the makers in 1904. Originally had two simple 56” cylinders on 80psi. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Teeth on flywheel rim drive two 5ft pinions. Brought in by canal. Out in 1936.

ALSO
400hp tandem compound engine probably by Pollitt and Wigzell. No date. 12”HP, 26”LP X 4ft stroke. 120psi, 72 rpm. 16ft flywheel. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Out in 1935.
[I think the tandem engine may have been a Burnley Ironworks because in June 1904 BI ordered metallic packings from United Metallic Packing Co for the LP cylinder of an engine at Aire Bank Mill and the owner then was W and J Slingsby. Johnson and Johnson bought the mill in 1933/34 and it looks as though they immediately electrified the mill. Mains electricity was available in Skipton at that time, generated in Keighley. George Ingle in ‘Yorkshire Cotton’ says that the mill was built in 1791, possibly by Thomas Mason Senior. Another Thomas Mason, possibly his son, carried on water-powered cotton spinning and in 1833 the mill had a twenty hp water wheel and employed 33 people.]

ELDER MILL. ROMILEY
Lancashire Cotton Corporation. Mr Crossley
600hp vertical cross compound engine by Daniel Adamson, brought here in 1937. 10”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. Corliss valves. 180psi, 106rpm. 16ft flywheel, 19 ropes. Air pump driven by crank pin set in sheave of feed pump eccentric. Overhung crank at LP end. Web crank for HP flywheel at end. All LP valves operate from wrist plate and no trip gear. HP inlets operated by cams on exhaust valve levers with trip gear and dashpots. Open type engine, two CI iron columns with guides and three steel supports. Seven bearings. Light return shaft at LP end drives shaft with LP and feed pump eccentrics.

J RICHARDSON. 1909/15. AIRTON
John and Isaac Dewhurst, 1785-1882. [George Ingle in ‘Yorkshire Cotton’ gives a full history of the mill which was originally water-powered corn and after 1786 for cotton by various owners until 1825 when it was bought by John and Isaac Dewhirst from Skipton. In 1836 a new mill was added with steam power and gas lighting. In 1837 James Garforth had taken the mill. In 2008 it had been converted into flats.]
90hp compound single beam engine by ?, 1840, taken out in 1909. 18”hp X 27” stroke. 30”LP X 54” stroke. 16ft plain flywheel. 60psi, 42rpm. Slide valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from the beam. Coupled to a 21ft diameter X 12ft 6” wide waterwheel by Lund of Eastburn, 19ft head, 5-7rpm, reputed to give 100hp.

E MATTHEWS. EASTBURN
Mr S Barsby.
150hp single beam engine by Burnley Ironworks, no date. [Bracewell engine?] 17”HP, 21”LP X 2ft and 4ft stroke. 15ft beam. 85psi, 52rpm. 14ft encased flywheel with gear drive outside. Corliss valve HP added, original cylinder became slide valve LP. Steel forked connecting rod. Two fluted columns support two cross girders in walls. Whitehead governor. Parallel motion on both cylinders. Cast Iron crank. Stopped 1954.

FORD AYRTON. LOWER BENTHAM
150hp vertical single cylinder engine by Hick Hargreaves, 1886. 20”diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. 12ft plain flywheel. 80psi, 90rpm. Corliss valve gear. Airpump driven by lever from crosshead. Also a 30hp and a 50hp water turbine, each or both used via clutch.

BREMNER MANUFACTURING CO LTD. OTLEY
150hp single cylinder engine by Robey, 1900. 18” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. 100psi, 96rpm. 10ft flywheel, belt drive, two 12” belts, one on top of the other, the inner one running slack. Drop valves and trunk guides.

BIRMINGHAM MUSEUM
100hp tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1909. 7 ½”HP, 15”LP X 2ft stroke. 200psi, 70rpm. 8ft and 10ft plain flywheels for rope brake tests. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Corliss valves. Whitehead governor. This engine was at Manchester University and was built as a test engine.

LEEDS UNIVERSITY
10hp side by side compound engine by Marshall of Gainsborough, 1924. 5 ½”hp, 9”LP X 12” stroke. 150psi (LP 60psi maximum), 150rpm. Two 4ft flywheels with water channels. Steam jacketed cylinder. Rope brake. Separate condenser or non-condensing. Drop valve HP, Slide valve LP with Meyer expansion gear. Side shaft (lh), D valves, two eccentrics S valve. Double web cranks (Half disc) three bearings. Flywheel at each end of shaft.

Also
Inverted compound engine by J Howden with central piston valve. 25hp 650 rpm, 150psi. Steam jackets. Direct coupled to Hulme DC dynamometer test rig. Also: Belliss and Morcom 50hp turbine.

LEIGH MILL. COVENTRY
Mr James.
500hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1910. 16”HP, 32”LP X 3ft stroke. 100psi, 88rpm. 14ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Corliss valves on both cylinders with two wrist plates on each cylinder. Inverted vertical single barring engine.

OLIVER’S MILL. BAMFORD
Mr Bramwell. Left hand engine.
500hp tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, 1907. 16”HP, 38”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 102rpm. 14ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Drop valves on both cylinders. Trunk guides. LP cylinder at front. Air pump driven from crosshead. 50hp and 20hp water turbines. Used to have a large water wheel and a beam engine before Ladybower reservoir was opened.

ALFRED HERBERT. COVENTRY
EDGEWICK WORKS. COVENTRY
Three 550hpvertical cross compound engines by Allen, 1946. 14”HP, 25”LP X 12” stroke. 200psi (run at 150psi), 375 rpm. 6ft flywheel direct coupled to alternator. Exhaust steam at 10psi used for heating shops and used in winter only. A Herbert coal pulveriser feeds five Lancashire boilers. Alternators are 450KVA, 440volts three phase.

ALNE BRICKWORKS. HEMINGBROUGH
80hp single cylinder engine by Thomas Metcalfe, 1880. 18” diameter cylinder X 48” stroke. Slide valve. 100psi, 35/90rpm. 14ft narrow flywheel. Narrow slipper guides to crosshead. Pickering governor. No condenser. Four ft belt pulleys. Exhaust steam goes to brick drying.

BROADSTONE SPINNING MILL. REDDISH
Two 1500hp vertical triple expansion engines by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1906/1907. 22”HP, 35”IP, 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 200psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pumps driven from LP crosshead.
Another as above 78 1’2 rpm, 1908.
[Watkins records: Broadstone Mills, Reddish, Stockport. Cotton Spinning. Broadstone, like Swan Lane, was planned for an extension which was completed, but the plan was quite different, since although the rope race was central, and divided by a brick wall, the power plants were entirely separate, as Nos 1 and 2 mill each had its own boiler house with four boilers and separate chimney. Built in 1906 and 1907, with the mills, the engines, identical but of opposite hand, were made by Geo Saxons with Corliss-valve cylinders 22, 35, and 54in bore by 4ft stroke, developing 1,500hp at 75rpm when supplied with steam at 200psi. Typical Saxons' plain design, with the intermediate-pressure valves across the engine centre line, they gave exemplary service until the mills were closed in 1959, when with other usage the whole plant was scrapped.]

ECCLES SPINNING CO. PATRICROFT
Eccles Spinning and Manufacturing Company Ltd. (1905). Canal Bank, Patricroft.
1500hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon, 1906. 23”HP, 34”IP, 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 70rpm. 20ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

CHADWICK AND TAYLOR. SALFORD
[ORDSALL HALL PAPER WORKS?]
700hp Manhattan engine by George Saxon, 1909. 23”HP, 46”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 16ft flywheel, ? ropes.

JOHN KNOWLES. PENDLEBURY
NEWTOWN MILLS. PENDLEBURY
1200hp twin tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. Two 24”HP, two 42”LP X 5ft stroke. 85psi, 57rpm. 28ft flywheel, 28 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Airpump driven from each crosshead.

WINTERBURN. SALFORD
500hp cross compound engine.

WARDSEND STEEL WORKS. SHEFFIELD
2000hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1870?. 34”HP, 57”LP X 5ft stroke. 120psi, 60rpm. 28ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Corliss valves and double slide bars. Tail rod supports to each cylinder with bell crank driving air pump.

ALSO
350hp cross compound engine by Davy Brothers, Sheffield, 1870?. 19”HP, 36”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 60rpm. 16ft flanged flywheel with 26” rim belt (not used). Slide valve cylinders originally but new Corliss cylinders by Ashton Frost in 1924. 6ft double helical gear driving 9ft gear(?). LH (LP) side of flywheel. Double slide bars. No barring engine. Whitehead governor. Mr Shaliker, engineer.
[Last run in 1964. See the very comprehensive article by Arnold Throp in the Model Engineer of 15/01/65 entitled ‘LUBRICATED WITH SUET AND WATER’. The engine drove two stands of rolls.]

RIVER DON WORKS. SHEFFIELD
12,000hp inverted vertical engine by Davy Brothers, 1898. three 40”diameter cylinders X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 0/120rpm. Reversing engine. Davy’s reversing valve gear. 4ft pinion on to 16 ft gear. Non-condensing. Piston valves.
[Watkins records: The English Steel Corporation, River Don Works, 48in Plate Mill. 1961. Davy Brothers, Sheffield, 1905. Three cylinders 40in x 4ft 6in. Piston valves, non-condensing. 160psi . Up to 120rpm. This was Davy's late design with each cylinder and motion line separate, couplings between the cranks, and with stays from the centre to the two outer standards passing through holes cast in the inner frames. joy's valve gear, although light in structure, was adequate for the valve drives. It was geared down 4 to 1, and could roll an ingot down to a plate 40ft long 13ft wide and 3in thick. Rolling a slab 24in thick to 3 ¼ in thick took fifty passes through the rolls in 16 minutes, each pass needing up to ten revolutions of the engine.]

ALSO
8000hp horizontal engine by Davy Brothers, 1897. Two 40” diameter cylinders X 3ft stroke. 80psi.

PORTWOOD SPINNING CO. STOCKPORT
PORTWOOD MILLS. STOCKPORT
500hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1901. 19”HP, 36”LP X 5ft stroke. 100psi, 60rpm. 18ft flywheel, gear at side. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

MAYALL AND MASSEY. WOODLEY
600hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1910. 19”HP, 38”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Airpump driven from crosshead.

THOMAS WRAGG. LOXLEY
WRAGG, FIRECLAY MINERS. LOXLEY. SHEFFIELD
Mr Rowett.
12ohp single cylinder engine by Thornewill and Warham, Burton on Trent, 1919. 22” diameter cylinder X 3ft stroke. Runs wrong way. 80psi, 75rpm. 10ft plain flywheel, direct drive. Drop valve on inlet and Corliss exhaust. Two wrist plates. Drop valves worked by shafts on cylinder top with a trip on lever from wrist plate. Trunk guide. Proell type governor.

J RIVETT. SOUTH REDDISH
MILL. SOUTH REDDISH
350hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1910. 17”HP, 32”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 75rpm. 18ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from the crosshead.

BESSBROOK SPINNING CO. NEWRY, IRELAND
1200hp cross compound engine by J and E Wood, 1902. 25”HP, 52”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 68rpm. 26ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves, all at the bottom. Air pump drive from crosshead. Tail rods supports on both cylinders.

CROMFORD AND HIGH PEAK RAILWAY
MIDDLETON TOP.INCLINE ENGINE
100hp double beam engine by Butterley, 1829. Two 25” X 5ft stroke cylinders. 5psi, 0 to 80 rpm. 14ft plain flywheel. Air pumps driven from beam. Gear drive to haulage shaft. Two Cornish boilers. Stopped in 1963. Incline is 1 in 8.5 and approximately 850 yards long.
[This engine was used to wind trucks up and down the Middleton Incline, on the High Peak Railway which has a gradient of 1 in 8, and is a beam engine built by the Butterley Company in 1829 - these are the original engines for the railway which began operation in 1830. Each engine cost £2000, a very large sum in those days, and the incline was in use until 1963. The engine is in preservation and is workable by compressed air. The date given in the ISSES handbook is 1825. At the time of writing the engine house is closed until further notice.]

RICHARD HILL. MIDDLESBOROUGH
WIRE WORKS. MIDDLESBOROUGH
400hp vertical single crank compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. 15”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. 140psi, 100rpm. 11ft plain flywheel, 6 x 2 ½” diameter ropes. Corliss valves. Non-condensing. Gear drive but also rope drive.

MONTON MILL. NEAR ECCLES
LCC.
1400hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1906. 27”HP, 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel. ? ropes. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

J BIBBY, OIL AND CAKE MILLS. LIVERPOOL?
650hp quadruplex engine by J Musgrave, no date. 12”HP, 17” and 24” IP, 35”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 200psi, 100rpm. 15ft flywheel, 17 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven by lever connected to triangular connecting rod. Two cylinders on each crankpin.

RANKS. BIRKENHEAD
OCEAN FLOUR MILL. BIRKENHEAD
2000hp inverted vertical engine by Wood Brothers, Sowerby Bridge. No details apart from 180psi and Corliss valves.

BUCHANAN’S FLOUR MILL. BIRKENHEAD
800hp inverted vertical compound engine by Fairbairn, Lawson, Combe and Barbour, Leeds, no details.

ALSO
1600hp horizontal triple expansion four cylinder engine by Wood Brothers, Sowerby Bridge. No details.

J AND P COATS. PAISLEY
FERGUSLIE THREAD WORKS. PAISLEY
850hp double beam engine by J Musgrave, 1855. Two 45”HP, two 50”LP X 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. Slide valves. 75psi, 26rpm. 24ft geared flywheel, 16” wide. 38tons, 200 teeth. Another engine in 1876. 43”HPs, 51”LPs X 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. Air pumps driven from parallel motion.

CANAL MILL. CHORLEY
W AND C WIDDOWS. CHORLEY
?hp beam engine by Knight and Wood, Bolton, 1855. HP cylinder by Wood Brothers in 1896.

HEBDEN AND SONS. BOLTON
250hp single beam engine by J Musgrave, 1855. 30”HP, 39”LP X 3ft 6” and 7ft stroke. 80psi, 25rpm. 25ft flywheel 21 ½” gear X 10” face. Compounded in 1888 by the makers. Air pump driven from beam.

GREENHALGH AND SHAW. BOLTON
SHARPLES MILL. BOLTON
350hp single cylinder engine, no maker or date. 30” diameter cylinder X 5ft stroke. 85psi, ?rpm. 25ft flywheel, 15 ropes. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from crosshead.

Also a Musgrave engine at Halliwell Mill, Bolton

BOMBAY UNITED SPINNING AND WEAVING COMPANY
1800hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave. 35”HP, 60”LP X 7ft stroke. Corliss valves. 110psi, 44rpm. 22 ½ foot flywheel, 17 ¼ ft gear, 128 teeth, 5”(?) pitch driving 49 teeth pinion. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Tail rod supports and trunk guides.
[From Jamieson’s Steam Engines]

ALSO
2500hp cross compound engine by Douglas and Grant, Kirkcaldy, no date. 34”HP, 70”LP X 6ft stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. 30ft flywheel, 38 ropes. Corliss valves. Air pump driven by lever from the tail rod of the LP cylinder. Tail rod supports to both cylinders.
[From Jamieson’s Steam Engines]

ORIENTAL SPINNING AND WEAVING COMPANY. BOMBAY
2200hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. 42”HP, 72”LP X 6ft stroke. 125psi, 49rpm. Corliss valves. 21ft flywheel, 14ft gear. 88 teeth driving 55teeth. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Tail rod supports. Trunk guides.

LEAN’S MILL. GLASGOW
1000hp twin McNaughted beam engine by Turnbull, Grant and Jock, 1859 and 1870. Two 24”HP and two 48”LP X 6ft stroke. 100psi, 45rpm. 18ft flywheel. Air pump driven from each beam.

ACTON HALL COLLIERY. FEATHERSTONE
1200hp twin cylinder engine by Hathorn Davey, Leeds, 1892. Two 36” diameter cylinders, X 6ft stroke. 120psi, 65rpm. 20ft drum. The only Davey winder. Equilibrium drop valves. Double slide bars.

ALSO
1000hp twin cylinder engine by Bradley and Craven, Wakefield, 1893. Two 30” diameter cylinders X 5ft stroke. 20ft drum. 120psi, 60rpm. Equilibrium drop valves. Three shafts, 540 yards deep.

ALSO
800hp twin cylinder engine by J D Leigh, Patricroft, 1872. Two 31” diameter cylinder X 4ft 6” stroke. Equilibrium drop valves. No tail rods. Barclay’s Kilmarnock valve motion. All the above have link motion reversing gear.

OLD ROUNDWOOD COLLIERY. WAKEFIELD
1000hp twin cylinder engine by Bradley and Craven, 1910. Two 34”cylinders X 5ft 6” stroke. 100psi, 0-90rpm. 16ft drum, 440 yard shaft. Corliss valves from wrist plate driven by link motion reverse. Return crank each side drives shaft with two eccentrics for outside motion. Proell governor and overspeed governor.

ALSO
700hp single cylinder engine at other shaft.

ALSO
300hp McNaughted single beam engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1904. 18”HP, 24”LP X 3ft and 6ft stroke. Gear drive from flywheel and Whitehead governor.

PRINCE OF WALES COLLIERY. CASTLEFORD
640 yards shaft.
2500hp twin cylinder engine by Bradley and Craven, 1912. Two 48” diameter cylinders, 50psi. New cylinders by Markham, 1938. Two 38” cylinders X 7ft stroke. 150psi, 60rpm. 28ft double conical drum, 120 tons. Drop valve inlet valves and large diameter piston exhaust valves all worked from wrist plates operating from steam reversed link motion. Trunk guides. Tail rods. Valve gear at outside of the engine. Eccentrics on shafts worked by return crank.

ALSO
Mr Norman Mitchell.
2500hp twin cylinder engine by Bradley and Craven, 1893. Two 40” diameter cylinders X 7ft stroke. 80psi, 80rpm. 10ft drum with clutch for 720yard and 230 yard levels. Vertical equilibrium valves. Two at each end of cylinder. Link motion, steam reverse, double guide bars and tail rods.

ALSO
1500hp twin cylinder engine by Walker Brothers, Wigan, 1912. Two 36” diameter cylinders X 6ft stroke. 80psi, 80rpm. 12ft drum (originally 18ft). Drop valve inlets and Corliss exhausts worked from wrist plates operated by steam reverse link motion. Trunk guides and tail rod supports.

WROTHAM. HERTS
Top beam grasshopper engine with cylinder at end. Connecting rod 2ft from the end. Beam fulcrumed on long swinging link. Air pump and feed pump driven from beam.

ASKERN COLLIERY
ASKERN COLLIERY. DONCASTER
Shaft sunk in 1911.
Two 3000hp twin tandem compound engines by Yates and Thom, 1910. Two36”HP, Two 60”HP X 6ft stroke. 150psi, 0-65rpm. 20ft drum. Corliss valves worked by wrist plates worked from the steam reversing link motion. Return cranks for the Corliss eccentrics. Trunk guides. Proell type governor. Single tail rod guides. Slipper type support guides between HP and LP (rear) cylinders. Trip gear on valve spindles with angular rods to dashpots at Bottom. Most impressive engines. Working on 580 yard level in 1000 yard shafts. 16 Lancashire boilers, 11 in use.

HEMSWORTH COLLIERY. PONTEFRACT
680 yards.
2000hp twin cylinder engine by S A Ward, Sheffield, 1907. Two 36” diameter cylinders X 6ft stroke. 90psi, 50rpm. 32ft conical drum. Equilibrium drop valves, two at each end of the cylinders. Double guide bars. Tail rod supports.

ALSO
2500hp twin cylinder engine by Markham of Chesterfield, 190?. Two 36” diameter cylinders X 7ft stroke. 33ft double conical drum. 90psi, 60rpm. Drop valve inlet and Corliss exhausts. Trunk guides. Trunk tailrod supports. Steam operated link motion to both the above engines.

ALSO
500hp inverted vertical compound engine by Browett and Lindley. Totally enclosed. Piston valves, drives a large fan.

800hp 11,000volt direct coupled to two Belliss and Morcom inverted vertical air compressors. Eleven 9ft X 30ft Lancashire boilers.

HUCKNALL COLLIERY NO. ONE
[The Hucknall Colliery Company in 1861/2 originally sank Hucknall No1 and No2 collieries. The Sherwood Colliery Company then owned them from 1911 to 1947. No 1 colliery which was situated on Watnall Road ceased winding coal in 1943 and mining was transferred to No2 colliery sited on Portland Road. Number 1 site, however, continued to be used for ventilation, manriding and materials.]
800hp steam winding engine by ?, 1860. Two 28” diameter cylinders X 4ft 6” stroke. 70psi, ?rpm. 17ft Drum. Double guide bars. Link motion with steam reverse. Two vertical equilibrium valves at each end of the cylinders. Return crank driven shaft at each side with two eccentrics.

HUCKNALL NUMBER TWO COLLIERY
1000hp steam winding engine by Yates and Thom, 1917. Two 20” diameter cylinders X 4ft stroke. 200psi, ?rpm. 18ft drum. Trunk guides. Corliss valves operate from wrist plates and link motion with steam reversing gear. Link moves up half way as radius rod moves down the same distance.

ALSO
1400hp electric winding gear by Associated Electrical Company, Rugby, 1962. EEC motor on 800volts DC. 294rpm with 1:10 reduction gearbox. 18ft drum and 2” rope. Currently supplied by mercury arc rectifiers from mains transformer.

ASTLEY AND TYLDESLEY COAL COMPANY
800hp tandem compound winding engine by J Musgrave, no date. Two 32” diameter cylinders X 5ft stroke. 80psi, 0 to 65 rpm. 15ft drum. Link motion, hand operated. Two vertical equilibrium valves at each end of the cylinders.

BESTWOOD COLLIERY. NOTTINGHAM
[Confusing information about dates. Best I can find is Shaft sunk 1872, winder commissioned in 1876. Closure 1967 or 1971.]
?hp vertical steam winding engine by ? 1865. Two 36” cylinders X 6ft stroke. Overhead cranks. 90psi, ?rpm. 24ft drum. Two vertical equilibrium valves at top and bottom of each cylinder. Steam reverse. Believed to be the only vertical winder in Britain?
[The engine is a twin cylinder vertical winding engine built by R. J. & E. Coupe, Worsley Mesnes Ironworks, Wigan in 1876. The two cylinders are of 36 inch bore and the stroke is 6 feet. Drop valves control the steam admission. Steam was supplied at 80 lbs/sq. inch and the engine operated at 1500 horsepower. The 18 foot diameter rope drum wound three tons of coal from 220 yards at 15 rpm originally although in later years all coal was extracted via a drift and the winders only used as standby and for men and materials. Photographed by George Watkins in 1951 (and probably his details)]

ALSO
?hp horizontal winding engine by Nasmyth, Wilson, 1880. Two 33” diameter cylinders X 6ft stroke. 90psi, ?rpm. 16ft drum, steel rim X 8ft wide. Hand operated link motion. Was slide valve but castings with piston valves bolted on to same cylinders in 1922. Also had a 17ft drum with wood rim turned in situ.

ALSO
500hp horizontal cross compound fan engine. 34”HP, 62”LP X 5ft stroke. 28 rpm. Fan about 48ft diameter.

LINBY COLLIERY. NOTTINGHAM
1500hp steam winding engine by George Robey, Lincoln, 1922. Two 33” diameter cylinders X 4ft stroke. 100psi, ?rpm. 16ft drum. Trunk guides. Drop valves operated by eccentrics. Two sets of eccentrics on side shafts. Steam reverse. Eccentrics with clutch.

[Arthur records another engine with broadly similar details but other sources say that the two engines were identical. Here is what I found on the web:
From Papplewick web site: This engine came from the nearby Linby Colliery. The Winder was manufactured by Robey & Co. of Lincoln in 1922 and was erected on Linby Colliery No. 2 Shaft to lift coal. It was used until December 1982, when it was replaced by an electrical driven winder. The winder consists two steam engines, Nos. 40542 and 40543. They each have a cylinder bore of 24" and a stroke of 40", working on a steam pressure of 120 lbs. sq. in., and exhausting to the atmosphere. Producing about 900 horse power when winding coal. Steam is admitted and exhausted via Robey Patent Drop Valves. The two engines are connected to the winding drum that is 6' wide and 9' diameter. This acts as a combined Crankshaft and Flywheel with a total weight of 24 tons. The engine could operate up to a maximum rope speed of 32' per second, raising 4 tons of coal per wind in an automatically operated skip giving a maximum capacity of 300 tons of coal per hour, from a depth of nearly 450 ft. During its working life the Winder raised over 40,000,000 tons of coal. After being rebuilt and housed at Papplewick with the generous assistance of British Coal, the engine was restarted by Mr. Ken Moses, Deputy Chairman of British Coal, at a ceremony held on 21st August 1990. It is believed to be the only steam winding engine that is in use and powered by steam in the UK at the moment. It looks as though eventual complete closure was in 1988 and that the remaining engine worked up to that date.]

ROALL PUMPING STATION
165hp compound beam engine by Easton and Anderson, 1891. 12”HP X 4ft stroke, 22”LP X 5ft stroke. 100psi, 23rpm. 14ft flywheel. Pump driven from tail rod of the LP cylinder. Slide valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven by rod from beam to condenser under the engine.

BRAYTON PUMPING STATION
[Foul water pumping?]
110(?)hp inverted vertical triple expansion engine by James Watt, 1906. 13”HP, 20”IP, 30”LP X 2ft stroke. All Corliss valves. 150psi, 47rpm. Vertical shaft drives horizontal shaft at cylinder base level with eccentrics. Four rods from crossheads to ram pumps below engine. Connecting rod on an end crank drives lift pump by rocking lever. Marshall vertical barring engine.

STONEFERRY PUMPING STATION
60hp Cornish beam engine by Jackson, 1844. 50” diameter cylinder X 10 ft stroke. Two more in 1863/64.

Two 130hp Cornish beam pumps by Chapman and Gresham, 1845. 52” diameter cylinder X 10ft stroke.

Thompson’s erect a large 160hp Cornish beam pump in 1850.

HENSALL PUMPING STATION
Two 500hp vertical inverted triple expansion engines by Hathorn Davy, 1934. 15”HP, 24”IP, 30”LP X 3ft stroke. Drop valves. 200psi, 23rpm. Vertical shaft drives governor and a horizontal shaft at cylinder level with eccentrics. Four rods down to ram pumps from each crosshead. Connecting rod on a crank at the end of the shaft drives lift pump by rocking lever. Right hand and left hand engines by Marshall Brothers engineers(?).

SPRINGHEAD PUMPING STATION. WILLERBY, HULL
One out of use 300hp Cornish beam pump by Bells, Lightfoot of Newcastle, 1876. 90” diameter, single acting cylinder X 10ft 6” stroke. 30psi, 10 strokes per minute. 36” diameter ram pump X 10ft 6” stroke. Two 27” diameter bucket lift pumps. Two 3” force pumps from beam also. Beam is 40ft centres, 40 tons. 430 gallons per lift. Four fluted columns support arched girder for the beam. An enormous engine in a well lit engine room.

Present plant all vertical electric bore pumps driven by three Ruston diesel engines direct coupled to alternators and YEB supply.

BESTWOOD PUMPING STATION
Two single cylinder beam pumps, right and left, by Jos. Witham and Son, Leeds, 1873. 60” diameter cylinder X 8ft 6” stroke. 40psi, 9 ½ rpm. 24ft flywheel, (12” w x 16” d (?). 19 rpm Watt governor gear driven. Equilibrium vertical valves operated from horizontal camshaft under floor. Air pump driven from beam. Lift pump and steam cylinder at end. Cast iron beam. Parallel motion. 10” steel rod down to 30” diameter ram in 200ft well. 75ft borehole. Two steel rods down to cross? And pump rod of bucket, 24” diameter. Very ornate circular columns support fine cross girders. Beam bearings 15” diameter. Six Lancashire boilers 7Ft 62 X 30ft long. Station built by Thomas Hawksley.
[From Papplewick web site: The Nottingham Waterworks company built three Pumping Stations on the sandstone: Park Works (1850) using a 60 HP Cornish Beam engine to pump from two 240 ft deep wells; Bagthorpe (Basford) opened with two 60 HP compound Beam Engines in 1857 and was enlarged in 1868 by the addition of a 80hp single cylinder and finally Bestwood was opened in 1871 and equipped with two 125hp rotative beam engines built by J. Witham and Sons, Leeds. Park Works closed in 1895 although the Engine House still stands at the Derby Road end of the Ropewalk. The Basford, Bestwood and all subsequent sandstone sources remain in use today. An auxiliary engine was installed at Bestwood to feed the Kimberley and Greasley areas by pumping over a Standpipe built alongside Papplewick reservoir. This engine, together with the Davy that later replaced it were removed to Papplewick in 1885 to carry out the same purpose and installed in the small building adjoining to the Boiler House.]

CLAYMILLS. BURTON ON TRENT
Mr Manders.
Four compound beam pumping engines by Gimson, Leicester 1885. 24”HP, 38”LP X 6ft and 8ft stroke. 40psi, 10rpm. 25ft flywheel, 11” wide. Air pump driven by rod from beam. Steam-jacketed cylinders. Vertical equilibrium valves operated by cams, two at top and bottom of each cylinder. Pendulum governor, 40rpm. For 12” diameter CI columns with octagonal bases support horizontal girders on each side. Two engines, Right and left hand in each engine room. Parallel motion at each end of beams. Two 4” diameter rods from beam to ram. 21” ram X 6ft stroke, 90 gallons per stroke. Two engines run three to six months. Single cylinder 4” diameter X 6” stroke, 24” flywheel, horizontal barring engine on each pair of engines. 5 Lancashire boilers, 7ft 6” diameter X 28ft long.
[found on the web: Clay Mills sewage pumping station in Burton on Trent contains four rotative Woolf compound Beam engines made by Gimson & Co. of Leicester in 1885 which are being restored after a long period of dereliction. With riveted wrought iron box section beams 28 feet long, 24 foot diameter flywheel, two cylinders 24 inch diameter x 6 feet stroke and 38 inch diameter x 8 ft stroke, each engine ran at between 6 and 12 rpm and drove two sewage pumps (one from either side of the beam pivot) each of 21 inch by 6 ft stroke. Taking steam at 80 psig from a rank of five Lancashire boilers, the engines exhausted into a jet condenser, the airpump of which was operated off the parallel motion guiding the piston rod crossheads. The valves admitting steam into and out of the cylinders are opened by shafts driven by under floor rotating cam shafts, operated via bevel gearing from the crankshaft, the valves are forced closed again by gravity acting on large weights known as 'top hats'.]

MARHAM PUMPING STATION
[Norfolk. Drainage pumps?]
Two twin triple expansion tandem engines by Worthington Simpson, 1940. 12”HP, 18”IP, 30”LP X 24” stroke. 180psi, 10-50 strokes per minute. Direct, non rotary double acting pumps. Vertical double air pump worked from rocker shaft operated by link from guided crosshead. Corliss non-trip valves operated from rocker shaft. Two pairs of double acting pumps with vertical valve chambers. Very quiet in action.

ALSO
A 25hp and a 50hp vertical single cylinder and one 100hp compound high speed engine by Hindley. All direct coupled to DC generators for standby lighting and auxiliary motors. Normally driven by mercury arc rectifiers from mains supply. 4,500,000 gallons daily. Two Lancashire boilers 7ft 6” X 30 ft long.

SUDBROOKE PUMPING STATION
SEVERN TUNNEL
1964. Mr T C Stevens.
Six Cornish beam pumping engines by Harvey and Company, Hayle, 1886. 70” diameter cylinder X 10ft stroke. 60psi, 8 or 9 strokes a minute. Vertical equilibrium valves, 35ft beam. 3 x 34” bucket pumps, 3 x 35” plunger pumps. All 9ft stroke (two + 12”) 336 and 356 gauge (?).

One engine in 12ft shaft, as above but 70” steam cylinder, 37” plunger and 10ft stroke.

Bull vertical direct acting engines at Iron Pit, 1880/1886. Two 50” cylinders, 26” plungers X 10ft stroke,

At Five miles and Four Chains: Two Harvey Cornish beam engines. One 65” cylinder and 34” bucket X 9ft stroke and one similar but 35” plunger.

Also in Iron Pit, One Cornish beam. 75” diameter cylinder X 10ft stroke with 35” bucket X 9ft stroke.

Also two Cornish beam pumps by Harvey and Company, 1886, at Sea Wall. 41” diameter cylinder X 9ft stroke. One 29” bucket and one 29” plunger. All ran at 80psi and there were 40 boilers.
[See the various histories of the Great Western Railway and the Severn Tunnel. All these engines at Sudbrooke were installed to deal with water coming into the workings from the Great Spring.]

SEVERN TUNNEL. GWR
Mr Carter (electrician).
400hp tandem compound engine by Walker Brothers, Wigan, 1924. 21”HP, 42”LP X 3ft stroke. 150psi (gives 300hp), 60 rpm. 27ft diameter X 9ft wide flywheel. Drop valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crank pin. Whitehead governor.

Original Guibal fan 40ft diameter x 12ft wide. 18ft shaft North, 15ft shaft South. Driven my ?hp horizontal single cylinder engine built by Walker Brothers, Wigan, 1886. 33” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. 180psi(?), 30rpm. Slide valve.

At Benacre; two bull pumps, 22” steam cylinders, 20” plungers X 6ft stroke. Three boilers for fan engine, 150psi replaced By Lancashire boilers. 15 Cornish boilers, 7ft diameter X 30ft long by J Thompson, 1886. As many boilers in use as are needed by engines running.

[Illegible note suggests that pumps are now electric submersibles.]

ABBEY PUMPING STATION. LEICESTER
Sewage pumping station.
Four ?hp beam pumping engines by Gimson of Leicester, 1887/1890. 28”HP X 6ft stroke. 46”Lp X 8ft 6” stroke. 80psi, 10-16 rpm. Slide valves. 21ft flywheel, 21 tons. 26ft 6” X 5ft beam. Single acting pump drives off each side of beam, 26 ¾” diameter pumping against 173 ft rise through 30” diameter pipe 1 ¾ miles long. At 12 rpm each engine pumps 200,000 gallons per hour. Air pumps driven from beam. Eight Lancashire boilers.

N WORSLEY. BAXENDEN
VICTORIA MILL. BAXENDEN
450hp cross compound engine by C Whitaker, 1896. 19”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 76rpm. 18ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Single slipper guides.

J AND J BIRLEY. BURNLEY
LODGE MILL?. BURNLEY
1000hp twin tandem compound engine by Bracewell, no date. Two 22”HP and two 40”LP X 6ft stroke. 80psi, 47rpm. 30ft flywheel, 7ft wide, belt drive, two 17” belts, one 32” belt and one 15” belt. Slide valves on both cylinders. Hp had expansion gear. Air pump 34” diameter X 21” stroke.

ARTHUR EDMONDSON. BURNLEY
EMPIRE MILL(?). BURNLEY
600hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1915. 19”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 18ft flywheel, 17 ropes. Corliss valves. Whitehead governor. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Left hand LP named ‘Mabel’ and right hand HP named ‘Sarah’.

HAYTHORNTHWAITE. BURNLEY
MOUNT PLEASANT MILL. BURNLEY
500hp tandem compound engine by ? 116”HP, 32”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 52 rpm. 20ft flywheel, 30” belt. Corliss valves on HP cylinder and slide valve low. Horizontal condenser behind LP cylinder. Cast iron disc crank. Double slide bars.

J E ELLIOTT. BLACKO
SPRINGFIELD MILL. BLACKO
150hp tandem compound engine by C Whitaker, no date. 11”HP, 23”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. Right hand engine. 120psi, 75rpm. 12 ft flywheel. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. Air pump driven from the crosshead. Return crank drives the shaft carrying eccentrics for the Corliss valves.
[Shackleton records: Springfield Mill was built by the Blacko Weaving Shed Company around 1860. The weaving shed contained 218 looms made by Messrs. Harling and Todd of Burnley and was tenanted by Messrs. Horsfield and Pomfret. By 1882 the mill was owned by William Hartley and Sons but was taken over by Messrs. Trafford and Brown in 1885. Trafford and Brown took the space in the mill and increased the number of looms to 305. The mill comprised a single-storey weaving shed, a warehouse, engine house, boiler house and tape sizing room. The mill was set back from Gisburn Road and was accessed by a lane. The mill had a reservoir and its own gas-making plant and gas holder. In May 1891 a new boiler was installed and a weaving shed extension was built in the direction of Gisburn Road. The extension held 120 looms and was designed by Samuel Keighley of Burnley. In 1894 a further weaving shed was built which filled the vacant land between the shed built in 1891 and Gisburn Road. In 1896 a storeroom and dressing shed were added to the eastern end of this shed. The shed nearest Gisburn Road was known as 'Top Shed', the 1891 extension was called 'Middle Shed' and the shed associated with the early mill, 'Bottom Shed'. Following the extension there were 500 looms running. A new company was formed in 1897 in which the workpeople bought shares. Richard Trafford, who had owned the mill, took one third of the shares. The new company was registered on 29 April with a capital of £12,000 in £5 shares. One of the sheds was fitted up with 250 new looms. In 1920 additional space was created by adding a room over the boiler house as a second storey. In 1938 the mill was taken over by Messrs. J. E. Elliot who moved from Holme Mill, Nelson. Messrs. J. E. Elliot became part of the Slumberland Group in 1947 and made outer covers for mattresses. Elliot’s closed under the Government reorganisation scheme in 1959 and the steam engine was scrapped. Slumberland Ltd. continued to use the premises as a store for bed mattresses. In 1962 the mill was leased by Messrs. J. W. Barritt of Ulverston for weaving. In 1967 Peter Reed Textiles, who had been renting space at Fernbank Mill, Barnoldswick, moved to the mill. Peter Reed Textiles closed Springfield Mill in 1986. Walter Smith (Nelson) Ltd. had space at the mill in 1991. In 2000 a plan was put forward to demolish the mill and develop the site of the mill and the mill reservoir for housing. The plan came to fruition in 2003.

POWER PLANT
The original steam engine was a single cylinder condensing beam engine, maker unknown. In 1907 Chas. Whittaker of Accrington supplied a new steam engine and the beam engine was retired. The engine was Messrs. C. Whittaker order number 39/195 of 1907 and was a right-hand horizontal tandem-compound engine with low-pressure cylinder behind the high-pressure. The Corliss valve gear was on the outside of the cylinder driven by a drag crank. The engine had single slipper crosshead guide. There was no barring engine. In the early 1950s there was a single Lancashire boiler made by Messrs. Anderton and Company of Accrington which supplied superheated steam and worked in conjunction with a Green' economiser with motorised scrapers.

Chas Whittaker, Accrington, 240hp horizontal Cross-Compound Engine 1907
14 ½” HP, 28”LP X 30” stroke. 125psi, 85rpm. Corliss valves on HP and slide valve LP. 12ft flywheel, 9 ropes. 20” diam X 15” stroke air pump driven from the crosshead.]

J DUCKETT. BURNLEY
SANITARY WORKS. BURNLEY
400hp single cylinder horizontal engine by Marshall, 1928. 26” diameter cylinder X 3ft stroke. 180psi, 88rpm. 14ft flywheel, 6 ropes. Drop valves.

ALSO
200hp single cylinder engine by Robey. 20” diameter cylinder X 30” stroke. Drop valves.

JOHN WARBURTON. HASLINGDEN
SYKESIDE MILL. HASLINGDEN
600hp right hand tandem compound engine by C Whitaker, Accrington, no date. 19”HP, 36”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 76rpm. 20ft flywheel, 14 ropes. Corliss valves. Tail rod support.

ANDERTON AND HALSTEAD. HASLINGDEN
ALBERT AND BRITANNIA MILLS. HASLINGDEN
1000hp tandem compound engine by S S Stott, Haslingden, 1926. 24”HP, 48”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, ?rpm. 20ft flywheel, 17 ropes. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from tailrod by bell crank. Support guides.

NUTTALL AND CROOK. BURNLEY
ROSEGROVE MILLS. BURNLEY
750hp inverted triple expansion engine by Yates and Thom, no date. 3ft stroke. 180psi, 84rpm. 12ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Corliss valves. Lumb governor. Air pump driven from crosshead.

NEWHALL SPINNING COMPANY. BURNLEY
900hp triple expansion by Burnley Ironworks. No details beyond 120psi.

SAMUEL HOLDEN. HOLMFIELD MILL. BARROWFORD.
HOLMFIELD MILL. BARROWFORD
No details but Shackleton records:
The steam engine was a horizontal cross-compound type with the high-pressure cylinder on the right-hand side. Cole, Marchent and Morley designed engines for a high degree of superheat in the steam and were ahead of the development of available cylinder lubricants. It could be argued that this was false economy since a lot of their engines suffered from cylinder wear and this engine was no exception. The high-pressure cylinder was re-bored three times and replaced twice. On the second change in the 1940s a piston rod tail slide was fitted by Brown, Sons and Pickles of Barnoldswick in order to reduce wear. This steam engine was Cole, Marchent and Motley order number 7516/1907. Both cylinders had piston drop valves and trunk slides. A vertical air pump 34ins. diameter and 17ins. stroke was driven by the low-pressure piston tail rod. The flywheel weighed 20 tons, was not boarded and was fitted with sixteen 2ins. diameter ropes. There was a single cylinder barring engine. The engine was originally fitted with United States metallic packings but these were changed to Universal metallic packings in the 1940s. The engine was fitted with a Lumb No.5 governor and No.3 regulator (left-hand) in 1944. There were originally two Lancashire boilers made by Yates and Thom of Blackburn which operated at a pressure of 160 psi. A third boiler was added around 1948.

GEORGE STREET MANUFACTURING CO. BURNLEY
CORONATION MILL. BURNLEY
450hp tandem compound engine by ?, 1899 (1915). 120psi, 78rpm. 18ft flywheel. Corliss valve HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Air pump driven from crosshead.

ROBERT EMMOTT. BURNLEY
STANLEY AND FERNDALE MILLS. BURNLEY
750hp cross compound engine by Burnley Ironworks, 1913. No details.

LEES AND WRIGLEY. OLDHAM
GREENBANK MILLS. OLDHAM
Number one mill.
1200hp twin beam McNaughted engine by Buckley and Taylor (Both made and modified by), No date. Two 29”HP X 3ft 9 ¾” stroke. Two 45 ½”LP X 7ft stroke. 160psi, ? rpm. 20ft flywheel, gear drive. Corliss valves on HP and slide valves on LP. Air pump driven from beams. Very heavy built-up flywheel with 20” wide teeth on the rim.

Number two mill.
1000 hp cross compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1870-1880. 24”HP, 32 5/16” LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 62rpm. ? ft flywheel, gear drive. Corliss valves. Eccentrics on return crank driven shaft. Tail rod support on LP only. Airpump driven by bell crank from LP tail rod. Altered from a single cylinder engine.

Number three mill.
1000hp single beam triple expansion engine by Buckley and Taylor, no date. 27ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on HP, slide valves on IP and LP. Air pump driven from the beam.

300hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, 1816. Coupled to the above. 16”HP, 35”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. Corliss valves on HP cylinder and slide valve LP.

Number four mill.
1400hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, 1916. 24”HP, 48”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 64rpm. 25ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves. Balanced cranks. Tail rod supports to both cylinders. Air pump driven by bell crank from LP tail rod.

JAMES KERSHAW. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
GUIDE MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE
800hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by Scott and Hodgson, 1887? 20”HP, 45”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 84 rpm. 18ft flywheel, 22 ropes. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

J J ASHTON. NEWTON, HYDE?
NEWTON MOOR MILLS. NEWTON
750hp triple expansion engine by J and E Wood, 1912. 140psi. No other details.

HOLLINS MILL CO. MARPLE
1400hp cross compound engine by Scott and Hodgson, 1922. 26”HP, 52”LP X 5ft stroke. 180psi, 67 ½ rpm. 24ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Drop valves. Tail rod supports to both cylinders.

GOYT MILL. MARPLE
GOYT SPINNING CO LTD. HAWK GREEN
2000HP CROSS COMPOUND ENGINE BY Carel Frere, Ghent, no date. 160psi, 80rpm. 24ft flywheel, 50 ropes. Drop valves. Enclosed governor. Air pump driven from LP crank. Diagonal twin cylinder barring engine.

STEWART AND LLOYD. NEWPORT
Mannesman Tube Works.
Two 2500hp twin tandem compound engines by Cole Marchant and Morley, 1917. Two 23”HP, two44”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi and 600F superheat. 64-85rpm. 18 ½ ft flywheel, 50 tons, 42 x 2” diameter ropes x 170ft long. Drop valves. Air pumps were originally Edwards, driven separately by motors but now converted to Delas condensers with M&M steam jet exhauster. 21ft flywheel on mill shaft weighs 120 tons.

J J HADFIELD, BLEACHWORKS. CHINLEY
Mr Marsland.
450hp cross compound engine by George Saxon (reputed to be last Saxon engine) 1928. 16 ½”HP, 31”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 120psi, 100rpm. 16ft flywheel, 12 ropes. Corliss valves. Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder.

ALSO
Richardson turbo-generator installed in 1938. Saxon engine used little since. 200Kw dynamo chain driven by engine as stand-by to a motor generator driven off mains supply. [Using a motor driven DC machine driven by AC was a cheap way of getting a DC supply for older machines and special needs.]

BLISS TWEED MILL. CHIPPING NORTON
(GW) 400hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1918. 16 ½”HP, 30”LP X 3ft stroke. Driving generators. 100psi, 90rpm. Corliss valves. Electrified mill.

ALSO
Very old mill, Had fire and rebuilt in 1873. Beam engine 1873-1907. Two Crossley Brothers gas engines. Pollitt and Wigzell engine in 1918.

BATHFORD PAPER MILL
(GW) 350hp tandem compound engine by Wood Brothers, 1912. 15”HP, 30”LP X 30” stroke. 150psi, 90rpm. Corliss valves.

GEM SPINNING COMPANY. HOLLINWOOD1700hp twin tandem compound engine by George Saxon, 1902. Two 20”HP, two 45”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. 26ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

JAMES GREAVES. OLDHAM
DERKER MILL. OLDHAM
900hp twin tandem compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1897. Two 17”HP, two 38”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 140psi, 67rpm. 18ft flywheel, 22 ropes. Corliss valves. Airpump driven from each crosshead.

CENTRAL MILL. OLDHAM
1200hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1910. 25”HP, 52”LP X 5ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 51 rpm. 26ft flywheel, 26 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders.

GRANGE VALE SPINNING CO. OLDHAM
500hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, no date. 17”HP, 36”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 55rpm. 18ft flywheel. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

SUMMERVALE MILL. OLDHAM
1650hp cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1919. 31”HP, 61”LP X 6ft stroke. 160psi, 55rpm. 16 ½ ft flywheel, gear drive, 144 teeth – 67 teeth. Corliss valves.

THORNHAM SPINNING CO. OLDHAM
1600hp twin tandem compound engine by J and W McNaught, 1876. Two 18”HP, two36”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 39 ¾ rpm. 22ft flywheel, gear drive, 150teeth x 16” wide x 5” pitch. Corliss valves on HP cylinders, slide valves on LPs. Air pump driven from each crosshead. (The second McNaught engine had new Corliss HP cylinders.)

GLADSTONE SPINNING CO LTD. OLDHAM
1200hp vertical cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1902. 26”HP, 50”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 18ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on Hp cylinder, piston slide valves on LP. Air pump driven from crosshead.

HOLYROOD MILL. OLDHAM
?hp twin tandem compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, no date. All cylinders have slide valves. New HP piston valve cylinders with internal trip gear by J Petrie. Originally a bevel drive to a vertical shaft from second motion shaft. Later the fear was taken out and steel belts from second motion took drive. Later still, rope drive from second motion shaft retaining gear drive on engine shaft.

RAVEN MILL. OLDHAM
RAVEN MILL. CHADDERTON
1500hp inverted triple expansion engine by Buckley and Taylor, no date. 22”HP, 34”IP, 55”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 20ft Flywheel, 32 ropes. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

FERNHURST MILL. CHADDERTON
1600hp inverted triple expansion engine by Browett and Lindley, no date. 24”HP, 36”IP, 50”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, ? rpm. 22 ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from LP crosshead. (One of three large mill engines made by this firm.)

ORME MILL. WATERHEAD
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. OLDHAM
1250hp vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon, Openshaw, 1911. 21”HP, 33”IP, 51”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, 35 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from the LP crosshead.

FERRANTI. HOLLINWOOD.
Mr Ridding, historian. [Arthur Ridding published at least two books on Ferranti.]
350hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by Ferranti. 1881, works number 381. 13”HP, 26”Lp X 24” stroke. Slide valves. 150psi, 110 rpm. 7ft, very heavy flywheel with 10 ropes.

ALSO
Old electric light engine by Ferranti (AC) used at Gillett’s Chorley to drive a weaving mill, 1900-1960. Reputed to be first installed at Deptford power station. Bought back by Ferranti and installed at Hollinwood. Driving dynamo, (really a rotary converter) used as a standby for DC supply which was normally supplied by Mercury arc rectifiers running on mains AC current. Engine under steam for demonstration.
[I saw this engine after it had been dismantled and stored outside in a yard near Chorley(?). The flywheel was the rotor for an integral dynamo and from memory was about 12ft diameter. In about 1987 I was called in to advise on the engine by the Lancs County Museum Service who were considering re-erecting it. My advice was to get it under cover as soon as possible. I do not know what happened to it after that.]

LAIDLAW’S MILL. DUNS
Blanket and tweed manufacturers.
500hp tandem compound engine by Douglas and Grant, Kirkcaldy, 1916. 21”HP, 40”LP X 4ft stroke. 100rpm. 12 ft flywheel, gear drive outside,. Air pump driven from crank on shaft driven by return crank.

MARKFIELD SEWAGE PUMPING STATION. TOTTENHAM
Horizontal triple expansion Worthington engine. 8”HP, 12”IP and 20”LP X 18” stroke. Air pump on tail rod.

ALSO
Wood Brothers McNaughted beam. 21”HP x 44” stroke, 36”LP x 6ft stroke. 27ft flywheel.
[Extract from The Markfield Beam Engine and Museum website.
This remarkable engine was built by Wood Brothers, of Sowerby Bridge, Yorkshire, between 1886 and 1888. It was commissioned on the 12th July 1888. It saw continuous duty from that time to around 1905, when it was relegated to standby duty for storm water pumping. It is a free-standing engine of the compound rotative type and is believed to be the last engine produced by Wood Bros. and the only surviving eight column engine in situ. The engine has two cylinders arranged to be double acting and compound. The engine is rated at one-hundred horsepower and drives two pumps, of the plunger type. Each pump is capable of moving two million gallons-per-day, when the engine is running at sixteen revolutions per minute. The pumps are each twenty-six inches diameter and fifty-one inch stroke. Neither pump can be isolated from the other. The engine is constructed within its own base and eight column framework to make it independent of the building structure, except at the point where the end of the flywheel axle bearing is supported within a cast iron frame, built into the wall of the engine house. The base casting is supported on a solid brickwork structure independent of the walls of the building. The flywheel is twenty-seven feet in diameter and weighs approximately seventeen tons. The spokes are of solid cast iron and the rim is of hollow section, also of cast-iron. It is believed that the intention was to fill the rim sections with concrete to increase the weight and potential momentum. The eight supporting columns are of the Doric style, in hollow cast-iron, and the general design of decoration to the structure, notably the use of the acanthus leaf motif, follows the "only the best" attitude of the Local Councils of the day. The beam itself stands seventeen feet above floor level and is almost twenty one feet in length. It pivots on two huge bearings that are lubricated by small oil reservoirs above, as are all the bearings attached to the beam. The flywheel bearings and those driving the valve timing gear shafts are lubricated by the small self-feeding glass reservoirs. When used to pump sewage, the engine consumed some four hundredweight (200 kilos) of coal per hour. There were two driver/mechanics to operate the engine who lived in two cottages on the site, tied to their employment. The engine has a speed governor of the centrifugal type, developed by James Watt around 1788, to control the running speed. Each cylinder piston rod, and the water/air pump are joined by a series of rods, forming a parallel motion to the beam. This parallel motion linkage, also invented by James Watt in 1784, converts the curvilinear motion of the beam into straight-line motion for the piston rods. The engine uses the double-expansion compound system, developed by Arthur Woolf around 1804, whereby the steam is first let into a high-pressure cylinder, where it is allowed to expend half its pressure before being let into the low pressure cylinder, to do further work before being condensed. This system allows for smooth running at minimal fuel consumption. The flywheel bearings and the bearings for the valve timing gear shafts are lubricated by small self feeding glass reservoirs.]

[Watkins records: Tottenham Borough, Markfield Road Station. One engine BY Wood Bros, Sowerby Bridge, 1886. 3.7mgd. 20ft head. 80psi. Cylinders abt 21in x 4ft and 45in x 6ft. Piston valves. 16rpm. 100hp. 2 ram pumps, 26in x 4ft 3in.

Nineteen engine builders tendered for these engines, and the contract was awarded to Wood Bros at £2,450. The design with eight fluted columns was very attractive, and all of the decorative work was in cast-iron. One pump was driven directly from the beam, and the other by a piston tail-rod below the high-pressure cylinder, which left little balancing to be done by the 28 ton flywheel. The piston valves were of Wood's rotating variable cut-off type for the HP, and simple rotation for the LP cylinders, with manual cut-off adjustment. The beam again was built up from plates, but the engine was entirely independent of the house. The valve chests on the left of the cylinders were attractively ornate, and again the cylinder lagging timbers had no brass retaining strips. When added capacity was needed in 1905, three Worthington engines each with cylinders of 8, 12 and 20in diameter were installed, with 27in pumps, running at 38 double strokes per minute.]


SOUTH STAFFORD WATER BOARD
SANDFORD. LICHFIELD
Two 500hp Sulzer Uniflow engines.

ALSO
Two similar tandem compound Corliss engines, one by Ashton Frost and one by Hathorn, Davy. 25 ft flywheels and 20rpm.

PEEL MILL NO 1. BURY
1200hp cross compound engine by J Musgrave, 1886. 32”HP, 56”LP X 6ft stroke. 85psi, 50 ½ rpm. 32ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead. (GW says LP was slide valve.)

PEEL MILL NO 2. BURY
1600hp quadruplex engine by J Musgrave, 1892. 18”HP, 26” and 27” IPs , 54”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 200psi, 80rpm. 21ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from end of one of the parallel motion levers. (Fleming, Fergusson and Dixon patent)

J R AND A SMITH. PRESTON
MANCHESTER MILL. PRESTON
[Also at Peel mill Preston.]
650hp cross compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, no date. 19”HP, 38”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 160psi, 76rpm. 20ft flywheel, 24 ropes. Corliss (?). Horizontal condenser behind the LP cylinder. Tail rod supports to HP cylinder.

G WHITTLES. LONGRIDGE
STONEBRIDGE MILL. LONGRIDGE
400hp cross compound engine by J Clayton, Preston, 1876. 18”HP, 32”LP X 4ft 6” stroke. 150psi, 48rpm. ?ft flywheel, gear drive. Slide valves on both cylinders with cross cut off on HP cylinder.

BRITISH OIL AND CAKE MILLS. AVONMOUTH
600hp cross compound engine by G&B [Greenwood and Batley of Leeds(?)], 1904. Frickhart valve gear, trunk guides. HP is right hand.

ARKWRIGHT MILL. PRESTON
G AND R DEWHURST LTD. PRESTON
1500hp inverted vertical triple expansion engine by Cole, Marchant and Morley. No date. 24”HP, 36”IP, 56”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 78rpm. 20ft flywheel, 36 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

MOORBROOK SPINNING CO, PRESTON
MOORBROOK MILL. PRESTON
400hp inverted vertical triple expansion engine by George Saxon, 1904. 12”HP, 18”IP, 29”LP X 3ft stroke. 160psi, 100rpm. 12ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders.

EAST LANCS PAPER WORKS. RADCLIFFE
Mr J Yates.
2500hp tandem Uniflow engine by J Musgrave, 1926. 37”HP, 53”LP X 44” stroke. 180psi, 540F superheat, 112 rpm. 21 foot plain flywheel. 800Kw, 120volt dynamo on left. Flywheel on right of web crank. Drop valves. Tail rod support to tail rod and between cylinders to piston rod. All enclosed engine. Galloway governor. Rope driven Musgrave condenser and air pump. Also a Radojet can exhaust at 15psi for processing. Can drive by coupling to 400feet of shafting, now in two sections and driven by an 800hp, 3000volt motor on each. Can be clutched together when engine is running but engine is now stand-by. Plant now driven by a Hick Hargreaves alternator. 1949.

ATLAS MILL NUMBER 6. BOLTON
MUSGRAVE SPINNING CO. PRESTON
1500hp twin tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, no date. Two 24”HP, two 46”LP X 6ft stroke. 100psi, 50rpm. 32ft flywheel, 22 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead. Valves at bottom.

VANTONA TEXTILES. BOLTON
MOOR MILL. BOLTON
500hp tandem compound engine by J Musgrave, 1895. 18”HP, 34”LP X 4ft stroke. 100psi, 7(?)rpm. 18ft flywheel, 16 ropes. Corliss valves, rocking lever drive. Air pump driven from crosshead. Double guide bars. Built-up flywheel, boarded over but level with spokes, showing them. Left hand engine with HP at the front.

LION MILL. ROYTON
2500hp twin tandem three rod type engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1890. Two 26”HP and two 50”LP X 5ft stroke. ?ft flywheel, 44 ropes. Corliss valves on HPs and slide valves on LPs. Whitehead governor. This engine was built with piston valve cylinders but was altered by P&W to the above description in 14 days. Included new bed and cylinders. Information from Mr Trevor Lees. Was probably too large for this mill. (GW says all Corliss valves)
[Watkins records: Lion Mill, Royton, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. Lion was built in 1890 with 109,000 spindles, then the largest number in a single mill and the engine was sized accordingly. Built by Pollitt & Wigzell, Sowerby Bridge, Yorks, it developed 2,000hp, from piston-valve cylinders of 27 and 46in bore by 5ft 6in stroke on each side, but these proved uneconomical. In 1900, therefore, Pollitts replaced them by Corliss-valve cylinders, which were very satisfactory. The replacement was made in 14 days, a record for a job of such magnitude even then. The original six boilers for 100psi were retained, but when these were condemned in 1952, the mill was converted to electric drive by fitting large motors in the rope race, replacing the 40-rope drive from the 22ft 6in flywheel.]

? MILL. MIDDLETON
1150hp vertical inverted cross compound engine by George Saxon, 1905. 26”HP, 53”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 75rpm. 22ft flywheel, 35 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.

MILTON SPINNING COMPANY. MOSSLEY
1200hp triple expansion four cylinder engine by J Musgrave, no date. 22”HP, 35”IP, two 39”LPs X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 60rpm. 30ft flywheel, 44 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

FIR MILL. ROYTON
[Was part of the Cheetham Group]
1600hp inverted vertical cross compound engine by Scott and Hodgson, 1907. 26”HP, 54”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 80rpm. 20ft flywheel, 36rpm. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Air pump driven from crosshead.
[Watkins records; The Fir Mill, Royton, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. Made by Scott & Hodgson in 1906, the 'Fir' engine developed 1,700hp at 81rpm. The Corliss-valve high-pressure cylinder was 21in bore, with the valves in line with the crankshaft, the intermediate-was 38in bore, with a single piston valve, and the 59in bore-low pressure was fitted with twin piston valves. With the higher speed, the flywheel was smaller, ie 22ft diameter, and 36 tons weight driving by 36 ropes. Steam was supplied at 160psi, without reduction for fifty years, by four Yates & Thom boilers until the mill closed. The raised part of the upper platform, to clear the exhaust pipe flange, and the twin piston valves for the low-pressure cylinder were Scott & Hodgson features.]

ROYD MILL. HOLLINWOOD
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. HOLLINWOOD
900hp inverted vertical triple expansion engine by J and E Wood, 1907. 18 ½”HP, 28 ½”IP, 43”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 180psi, 94rpm. 16ft flywheel, ? ropes. Air pump driven from crosshead. Corliss valves.
[Watkins records: The Lancashire Cotton Corporation, Royd Mill, Hollinwood. Cotton Spinning. Royd, built in 1907, was one of the smaller mills, the engine built by J. & E. Wood of Bolton developing 900hp. The cylinders, of 18.5, 28.5, and 43in bore by 3ft 6in stroke, were all fitted with Corliss-valves, which in contrast to the maker's usual practice were fitted at the opposite sides of the cylinders. It ran at 94rpm, driving by 20 ropes from a 14ft flywheel. The original three Tetlow boilers still supplied steam at 180psi, when by 1961 electric drives were installed, and the engine was scrapped. The frame was unusual since there were only two columns in front, with twin feet to the single casting bed, the intermediate cylinder being supported by a massive cross casting.]

BUCKLEY. OLDHAM
NORMAN MILL. OLDHAM
1500hp twin tandem compound engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1893. Two 19”HP, two 36”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 55rpm. 26ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, Slide valve LP. Air pump driven from each crosshead.

HARTFORD MILL. WERNETH OLDHAM
1800hp twin tandem compound engine by Urmson and Thompson, no date. Two 30”HP (rear), two 60”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 68rpm. 24ft flywheel, 40 ropes. Corliss valves on all cylinders. Air pump driven from each crosshead. No tailrod supports, Whitehead governor.
[G Watkins records: Hartford Mill, Werneth, Oldham, Lancs. Cotton Spinning. Hartford was the mill in which Platt Bros of Oldham tried out the various new designs of plant they introduced, and the engine was almost certainly the only twin tandem that Urmson & Thompson constructed. Built in 1907, and named 'Oldham', the Corliss-valve cylinders were 21in and 44in bore by 5ft stroke, and it developed 1,500hp at 65rpm, using steam at 170psi. The drive was by 34 ropes from the 24ft flywheel, but all was scrapped when, in 1957 electric drives were installed. It seems incredible that such an engine was built for £5,400, and its three boilers for £1,900. That, however, was the cost of this very good plant.]

UNITED MILL. OLDHAM
UNITED SPINNING CO LTD. WERNETH
Engines named ‘Lancashire’ and ‘Yorkshire’.
1800hp three rod type twin tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1875. 77 ½ rpm. Gear drive from gear next to flywheel. Out in 1959.

THOMAS MELLODEW AND CO LTD. OLDHAM
PARKFIELD MILL. OLDHAM
1200hp cross compound engine by Wolstenholme and Rye, Oldham, 1874. 20”HP, 40”LP X 6ft stroke. 140psi, 52rpm, 18ft flywheel, gear drive. Corliss valve HP and slide valve LP. Wrist plate with trips in angle rods. LP tail rod has support guides and drives the air pump via a bell crank. Double slide bars. Barring engine geared to second motion shaft.

OLD MILL. DUKINFIELD
OLD MILL CO (1894), PARK ROAD. DUKINFIELD
600hp tandem compound engine by Buckley and Taylor. No date. 20”HP, 40”LP X 5ft stroke. 160psi, 68rpm. 20ft flywheel. Corliss valves.

THOMAS MELLODEW. OLDHAM
MOORSIDE MILL. OLDHAM
1000hp inverted triple expansion engine by Buckley and Taylor, 1907. 16”HP, 30”IP, 58”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, ? rpm. 19ft flywheel, 30 ropes. Corliss valves. Air pump driven from LP crosshead.

BOUGHTON PUMPING STATION. NEWARK
Mr Webb.
Two triple expansion pumping engines by Ashton Frost, 1907. All Corliss valves. 25”HP, 41”IP and 66”LP X 4ft stroke. 150psi, 16 rpm. 19ft flywheel, 17”w x 18”d, 23 tons. LP and IP cylinders vertical, HP cylinder horizontal and between IP and LP cylinders. Cranks set at 180 degrees. Crank same angle as HP. Extension of the piston rod drives lift pumps. Two steel rods from each vertical crosshead go down to drive 22 ½” diameter ram pumps. Air pump driven from one lever of the lift pumps. Right and left hand engines. One running, one at rest. Inverted vertical barring engines. Gear driven shaft at each end of the engine with eccentrics for Corliss valves and governor. Two 23” diameter lift pumps. Six 7ft 6” diameter x 30ft long Lancashire boilers by Yates and Thom. 3 boilers in use.
[From Papplewick web site: The last station to be built to pump from large diameter wells, rather than boreholes was established at Boughton, 19 miles north of Nottingham, in 1901. The main plant was driven by two Manhattan type triple expansion steam engines built by Ashton Frost of Blackburn. The standby plant consisted of the 130 HP Davy horizontal engine, used as the pilot well engine at Papplewick until 1898, together with a triple expansion engine by Fairburn, Lawson, Combe and Barbour.]
[Watkins records: Nottingham Waterworks, Boughton Station. One engine by Hathorn Davey and Co, Leeds, Wks No 3440, 1881. 1 ½ mgd. 400ft. 45psi. 24in and 44in x 6ft slide valves. 8-10spm. 2 x 201n bucket pumps in well.
This was almost certainly the sinking pump for the Papplewick engines, and removed for similar service at Boughton. It was retained as the well pump for the first Boughton plant, to serve the high lift triple-expansion Fairbairn Lawson Combe and Barbour engine. Originally supplied with a condenser and quadrants, the latter were altered for the Boughton wells by substituting 'T' bobs for the original ‘U’ type. It was 65ft long over the pump railings to the end of the condenser, and pumped up to 2mgd. It was Davey's standard design of the period, with domed cylinder covers and twin low pressure piston rods passing beside the high-pressure cylinder to the crosshead
.
ALSO
Nottingham Waterworks, Boughton Station. Two engines by Ashton, Frost and Co, Blackburn, 1907. 3 mgd. 342ft. 150psi + 100F. 25, 41 and 65in x 4ft stroke. Corliss valves. 250hp? 16rpm. 2 well and 2 force pumps. These engines maintained the Nottingham tradition for fine engines, with a design combining a horizontal HP with vertical IP and LP cylinders. The horizontal HP was coupled to the centre crank and drove the well pumps behind it by a piston tail-rod, to wooden sweep rods and quadrants. The vertical cylinders each drove a force pump below the cranks by side rods. The short stroke reduced the length of the engine, but it was over 60ft long, and the width was reduced by placing the layshafts for the eccentrics in the front, so that the width was little more than that of the crankshaft and its bearings. They were nearly 28ft high. The four steel front columns and cast-iron back ones with extended feet, made the whole rigid. It was a credit to all concerned, the designers and builders, those who ran them, and the Nottingham Authority. The starting platform with two levers in a frame added to the attraction of the design.


PAPPLEWICK PUMPING STATION
Two right and left hand single cylinder beam pumps by James Watt, Birmingham, 1884. 46” diameter cylinders, double acting X 7 1’2 ft stroke. 150hp. 50psi, 11 ½ rpm. 20ft flywheel, 14” wide x 16” deep rim. Gear driven Watt governor. Vertical equilibrium valves operated by camshaft at cylinder centre level. Air pump driven from the beam. 7” steel rod down to 27 ½” diameter ram pump. Cast iron beam, parallel motion. 200ft well and 75ft bore hole. Two steel rods down to Lift bucket pump. Very ornate vertical columns support fine CI girders for beam bearings. 96 gallons per revolution, 56psi water pressure. Six 7ft 6” x 30ft Lancashire boilers.
[From Papplewick web site: Engine Type. Beam Type. Low Pressure, Double acting rotative and Condensing House Engine. Built by James Watt & Co. Birmingham and London, 1884. Costs £ 5,525 for each beam engine, including installation, Total cost of the whole pumping station site was £ 55,000. Steam Pressure when Pumping 50 lbs. per sq. in. Now about 25 lbs. per sq. in. Power Generated. Approx. 140 hp at 11 1/2 rpm. Cylinder Bore, 46”, Stroke 7 ½ ft. Crank, 3 ¼ ft. throw. Flywheel, 20 ft. Diameter. Weight 24 tons. Beam 25 ft Long. Weight 13 tons. Valve Gear Double Beat Cornish type, housed in upper and lower Steam Chests and driven by a single Cam Shaft. Governing System, Watt's Centrifugal Governor acting on Main Steam Valve via Rod Linkage. Condensing System, Watt's Patent Separate Condenser with spray injection. Fed and cooled with water from the Cooling Pond. Rod Linkage. Watt's Patent 'Three Link Parallel Motion' applied to all Rods except the Connecting Rod and Boiler Feed Pump Rod. Boiler Type, 6 - Hand Fired Horizontal Galloway Boiler. ( Lancashire variant ). Method of Working, Three Boilers operational when pumping. Boiler Size, 7' 2" dia. x 28' 7" long. 3,200 gallons of water. Steaming Capacity, Approx. 8,000 lbs. per hour. Coal Consumption, about 5 ¼ tons per day, when pumping. Daily Pumping Capacity, 1,500,000 Gallons per engine per day. Cooling Pond Capacity, 1,250,000 Gallons.]

ELKSLEY PUMPING STATION. LINCOLN
Two engines, left and right hand, Inverted vertical triple expansion engines by Ashton Frost, 1911. 26”HP, 45”IP and 68”LP X 4ft stroke. 180psi, 24rpm. 17 ft flywheels, two to each engine, rims 13” wide and 18” deep. Corliss valves on all cylinders. 6 eccentrics. Air pump driven from ram yoke. Three 16 ¼” ram pumps driven by two rods from crossheads. Two lift pumps 18” diameter and five foot stroke driven from cranks, one on each end of the crankshaft. 315 feet deep well, 3.6 million gallons a day. Four Ruston Lancashire boilers, two in use. Connecting rod down to guide each end and then rod to wood spear. 100-1220psi water pressure. Internal teeth on one flywheel driven by inverted vertical twin cylinder barring engine. Mr Evans, Superintendent. Mr Peet.

COTTINGHAM PUMPING STATION
Mr Renshaw.
Three engines. 350hp inverted vertical triple expansion engines by Worthington. 1932. 18”HP, 31”IP, 50”LP, X 4ft stroke. 18-psi, 520 degrees F superheat, 25 rpm. 13 ½ ft flywheel, 17 tons. Piston drop valves on HP cylinder, equilibrium valves on other cylinders. Surface condenser but steam through pipe (?). Three 12” ram pumps driven by rods from the crossheads. LP ram pump has crosshead near the ram which drives two air pumps. HP is similar but driving two feed pumps. Horizontal shaft at cylinder level has small cranks which operate the valves.

WEST RIDING COLLIERY. ALTOFTS
Mr Johnson.
?hp twin cylinder engine by Bradley and Craven, 1862. Two 17” diameter cylinders X 3ft stroke. 120psi, 85rpm. 16ft drum. Equilibrium drop valves. Before 1920 this engine had 24” cylinders running on 60psi.

ALSO
?hp vertical twin cylinder engine by Bradley and Craven, 18??. Two 30” diameter cylinders X 6ft stroke. Overhead crank. 60psi, 50rpm. 20 ft drum and equilibrium drop valves.

ALSO
?hp horizontal twin cylinder engine by Worley Mesnes Co, 1909. Two 28” diameter cylinders X 6ft stroke. 18ft drum. 120psi, 60rpm. Drop valve inlets, Corliss exhausts. Originally had 32” diameter cylinders running on 60psi. Valves worked by wrist plates.

All the above engines have Link motion reverse, trunk guides. Eight Lancashire boilers, six in use.

WEST RIDING COLLIERY. WAKEFIELD
750hp cross compound engine by Walker Brothers, Wigan, 1914. 23”HP, 41”LP X 4ft stroke. Corliss valves. 120psi, 32rpm. 20ft heavy built-up flywheel, 13 ropes driving 5ft 6” pulley for a 20ft fan. The fan shaft has a coupling on each end for engine drive or electric motor. Air pump driven from LP crank pin. Engine is said to have come from a mill.

ALSO
Two150hp Belliss and Morcom, vertical compound engines coupled directly to dynamos.

ALSO
?hp twin cylinder engine by Bradley and Craven, 1930. Two 10” diameter cylinders X 24” stroke. 5ft flywheel, 0-90rpm. Corliss valves, wrist plates, disc cranks. Trunk guides. Link reverse. Single spur and double helical drive to drum for haulage rope drive for tubs at pit bottom.

ALSO
Robey vertical compound driving an air compressor.

BANKHALL COLLIERY. BURNLEY
470 yards deep. Cost £5000.
1750hp cross compound engine by Yates and Thom, 1914. 38”HP, 60”LP X 6ft stroke. 100psi, 80rpm. 18ft drum, 2” rope, 9ft wide. Drop valve inlet, Corliss exhaust valves worked from wrist plate operated by link motion with steam reverse. Trunk guides. Tail rod supports.

ALSO
520 yard shaft. 1000hp twin cylinder engine by Worsley Mesnes Co, Wigan, 1912. Two 26” diameter cylinders X 6ft stroke. 100psi, 80rpm. 18ft drum, 9ft wide. Piston valves, link motion. Trunk guides and no tail rods. Lifted coal in 45 seconds.

Five Lancashire boilers fired by natural gas from the pit.

ALSO
500hp cross compound engine by Walker Brothers, 1912. 20”FP, 34”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 100psi, 60rpm. 18ft flywheel, 10 ropes. Corliss valves on both cylinders. Exhaust steam to LP turbo alternator. Trunk guides. Direct Corliss gear. Driving ventilator fan.

ALSO
1000hp inverted vertical gas engine using gas from pit direct coup[led to alternator.

RYHOPE PUMPING STATION. SUNDERLAND
SUNDERLAND AND SOUTH SHIELDS WATER COMPANY
Mr J Weston Adamson, director.
Mr Todd, died in 1965.
Two compound beam engines by R and C Hawthorne, 1868. 27 ½”HP X 5ft stroke, 45”LP X 8ft stroke. 24ft flywheel, 18 tons. 33ft centres beams (double type) 22 tons. First stage and second stage bucket pumps. One at each end of beam. Vertical equilibrium valves operated by cam shaft under valve chests. Connecting rod next to first stage pump and LP cylinder next to second stage. 243ft lift out of well257ft deep (9ft of water). 15”diameter pump x 10ft stroke gives 87 gallons, both pumps alike. One pumps half way to separate shaft and the other from there to the surface. Three Cornish boilers originally. Replaced by Lancashire boilers by Galloway’s in 1908.
[From the Ryhope Museum web site. During the first half of the nineteenth century repeated cholera outbreaks, both nationally and locally led to a much greater concern for water supplies. The creation of the Sunderland and South Shields Water Company in 1852 was one local result of this.
The construction
At the time the Company received the Royal Assent there were several pumping stations in districts around Sunderland but the urgency of water demands pressed heavily upon the Company. In 1864 four acres of land at Ryhope were acquired and in May of the following year Thomas Hawksley, in his position as Engineer to the Company, was asked to provide designs and specifications for the 'new works'. Construction of the engine house was not without its problems. The beam engines and their house form an integrated structure. Not only did the foundations have to serve as foundations for most of the engine components, as well as provide support for the well heads, but also the massive rocking beams had to be supported at some twenty-two feet above ground level. Therefore engine and engine house construction had to proceed together, but not in such a manner that they would interfere with the sinking of the wells. The station cost the Company £58,416 compared with an estimated cost of £50,000. It is a tribute to engineers like Thomas Hawksley, who was responsible for many such installations all over England, that we retain an admiration for the 'Waterworks' style and standard of architecture which produced such structures as those at Ryhope. The engines were built by R & W Hawthorn and cost £9,000. The two engines at Ryhope are identical, apart from one being a mirror image of the other. They are described as double-acting, compound rotative beam engines. 'Compound' means that the engine has more than one cylinder; high pressure steam from the boiler enters the high pressure cylinder then passes via any intermediate cylinders to the low pressure cylinder, so as to get as much energy from the steam as possible - there are two stages in the Ryhope engines. 'Double-acting' means that steam acts alternately on the top then the bottom of the piston - in other words steam pushes the piston down, then pushes it up. High pressure cylinder: 27½ inches diameter by 5 feet 4 inches stroke. Low pressure cylinder: 45 inches diameter by 8 feet stroke. Stop valve working pressure: 35 lbf/in². HP cylinder inlet pressure: 30 lbf/in². Condenser vacuum: 26 inches Hg. Weight of beam: 22 tons. Length of beam between pump rod centres: 33 feet. Weight of flywheel: 18 tons. Diameter of flywheel: 24 feet. Design working speed: 10 strokes/minute. Pump stroke: 10 feet 8 inches. Delivery: 40,000 gallons/hour against 243 feet head. Main well shaft: 15 feet diameter by 257 feet deep (approx). Staple well shaft (elliptical): 14 feet major axis, 10 feet minor axis, by 140 feet deep (approx). Coal consumption: 1¼ cwt/hour for steady steaming of one boiler. The pumping of water was performed in two stages. In the main well an iron barrel extended from the water table at some 250 feet below ground to a tunnel about half way up, whence the water ran into the 'staple well' 33 feet away, where the other end of the pump raised it to the surface, or rather to the reservoir outside the main building, via another iron barrel. This meant that an equal quantity of water was being raised by each end of the beam, helping to ensure smooth operation. There were various reasons for the discontinuance of the use of the station in 1967. Ryhope is very close to the North Sea and the persistent abstraction of water by a few fairly local pumping stations led to the water table dropping below sea level, with the risk of salt ('brackish') water entering the system. Since water from Ryhope was untreated there would have been major problems. Another reason for the demise of Ryhope as a water source was that the water from such a supply was very 'hard since the water, as it filtered through the Magnesian limestone, collected various unpopular salts, such as calcium carbonate. Impounding reservoirs such as Derwent and Kielder were coming 'on line', with lower running costs than local pumping stations, and producing quite 'soft' water - reckoned to be better for the heart than hard water, and better for laundry, but not as good for making tea.]

NORTH DALTON PUMPING STATION
Mr Tom Foster.
Two engines. Horizontal compound non-rotative engines by Hathorn, Davey, Leeds. 191?. 23”HP, 54”LP (rear) X 8ft stroke. 120psi (20psi max. on LP), 6-10 strokes per minute. Slide and expansion valves. 18” diameter x 24” stroke air pump driven from lever on pump fulcrum shaft. Two bucket lift pumps operate from triangular rocking lever. 17” diameter pumps x 10ft stroke. 20ft diameter shaft x 250ft deep and 150ft bore. Steam jacketed cylinders with steam re-heater.

THORPE PUMPING STATION
Two engines as above, 29”HP, 58”LP X 8ft stroke. 100psi, 6-10 strokes per minute. Piston drop valves. Pumps as above but a pair of bell crank rocking levers. Sunderland and South Shields Water Company. Three Lancashire boilers.

PRENTON PUMPING STATION. BIRKENHEAD
Mr Coey.
Two engines. 500hp horizontal tandem engines by Lilleshall [The Lilleshall Company began in a partnership formed in 1764 between Granville Earl Gower and Thomas and John Gilbert. In 1880 it became a limited company and in 1888 took over the Snedshill Bar Iron Company, which had existed since 1836. It was engaged in a multitude of industries including coal-mining, ironstone, limestone and Clay mining; in the manufacture of clay products; in iron and steel making and finishing; and in light and heavy engineering.]
26”HP, 52”LP X 4ft stroke. 160psi, 20rpm. Drop valves. Bee governor. Air pump driven from rear crosshead. 20ft flywheel. 248 teeth for barring engine. Trunk guides. Web type balanced crank. Edwards air pump driven by rocking lever from crosshead behind ? which also drives two horizontal rams and a long wooden connecting rod to levers outside which drive two lift pumps. Steam jacketed cylinders. Surface condenser, steam through tubes. Water from mains supply for cooling. 18 ¼” diameter x 4ft stroke lift pumps, 88 gallons per stroke. 11 ¾” ram pump x 4ft stroke to Heswall, 375psi. 14 ¼” diameter x 4ft stroke ram to Prenton, 210psi. Two main bearings 13 ½” diameter and one 12” diameter. Piston rod 8”-6 ½” and 5” diameter. Opened in 1860. Two 8ft X 30ft Lancashire boilers.

DEPTFORD POWER STATION
[These two engines were designed by Ferranti 1895-1900 but never built as turbo alternators were successfully being used at the time.]
10,000hp twin tandem vertical engines by Ferranti. 44”HP, 88”Lp X 6ft 3” stroke. 200psi, 60rpm. 46ft diameter rotor of 10,000V alternator used as flywheel. HP cylinders at top. Corliss valves to all cylinders. Rotor and shaft to weigh, 225tons.

SOUTHPORT ELECTRICITY WORKS.
Three 500hp cross compound engines by John Musgrave, Bolton, 1887. 17”HP, 33”LP X 3ft 6” stroke. 130psi, 96rpm. 14ft flywheel Ferranti generator. Corliss valves. Disc cranks. 25” diameter x 12” stroke air pumps. Two 7ft x 28ft Lancashire boilers with Roberts economisers.

JESSE ROBINSON. THONGS BRIDGE. HUDDERSFIELD
250hp three rod type tandem compound engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1895. 12”HP, 22”LP X 3ft stroke. Left hand engine. 100psi, 85rpm. 13ft flywheel, 18” belt. Corliss valves on HP cylinder, slide valve LP. Whitehead governor.

TITANIC MILL. HUDDERSFIELD
TITANIC MILL. LINTHWAITE
Mr H Wood. Engine named ‘Lady Nannie’.
850hp tandem compound engine by Mark Shaw, 1911. 18”HP, 36”LP X 5ft stroke. 150psi, 72rpm. 18ft flywheel, 20 ropes. Corliss valves, all at bottom. Air pump driven from crosshead.

JOB BEAUMONT. HUDDERSFIELD
MILNSBRIDGE
500hp tandem compound engine by J and E Wood, Bolton, 1903. 16”HP, 29”LP X 4ft stroke. 140psi, 67rpm. 20ft flywheel, ? ropes. Corliss valves at bottom of cylinders. No trip to LP inlet valves. Air pump driven from crosshead.

A T WOODHEAD. HUDDERSFIELD
MELTHAM, WOODHEAD, UPPER SUNNYBANK
120hp single cylinder engine by Pollitt and Wigzell, 1906. 12” diameter cylinder X 3ft stroke. Left hand engine. 100psi, 70rpm. ? ft flywheel, belt drive and gear off engine. Slide valve. Horizontal condenser at crank end, air pump driven by rod from left hand slide block.

WILLIAM GREENWOOD. EARLSHEATON
PROVIDENCE MILL. EARLSHEATON
250h- tandem compound engine by Wood and Baldwin, 1885. 15”HP, 24”LP X 3ft stroke. Right hand engine with LP at front. 120psi, 85rpm. 12ft flywheel, direct drive on to shaft. Corliss Hp (added), slide valve LP. (HP was added at rear on an extension to the original bed.) Corliss gear for new cylinder is on the outside and driven by two eccentrics on drag link shaft.

WILLIAM HOLLAND. MANCHESTER
VICTORIA MILL. MANCHESTER
Two 1000hp vertical compound non dead centre engines by J Musgrave, 1902. 24 ½”HP, 50”LP, X 4ft stroke. 95-160psi, 78rpm. 20 ft flywheel, 26 1 ¾” ropes.

HINCHCLIFFE WRIGHT. DYERS. HOLMFIRTH
?hp single cylinder engine by Calvert, Huddersfield, no date. 92 diameter X 20” (estimated). Left hand engine. 120psi, 60rpm. 6Ft flywheel, 3ft belt pulley. Slide valve. Pickering governor. Non-condensing. Disc crank. Running.

ROBERT HOWARTH. NEWHEY
JUBILEE MILL. NEWHEY
Fullers and finishers.
80hp single cylinder engine by Ebor Engineering Company, 1891. 18” diameter cylinder X 3ft stroke. Left hand engine. 100psi, 84rpm. 8ft flywheel, 10” belt. Slide valve. Pickering governor. Non-condensing, exhaust goes to water heating. Double twin guides. Runs the wrong way round. Running.


[This is the end of the engine details in the Black Book. There are more odd pages of notes etc. but little of interest except for some letters which have always amused me because of the clear picture they give of the relationship between these men and their mild obsession. I shall transcribe them here:]

[undated, unsigned letter]
I’ve just found another engine at a mill out in the country at Linton Mill, Grassington.
300hp Uniflow by Newton, Bean and Mitchell, 1923. Could not get to see it but saw the owner and he told me about it. Mill closed in 1960 or so, silk mill, all locked, didn’t seem to want to sell it or care. I always thought it would be an old beam. See if it is in you’re your/my notebook and alter it if it says beam engine.
[Here’s an excerpt from Newton Pickles LTP tape 78/AG/10 where Newton is talking about the mill at Linton on which he had worked.
SG: Lowcocks, what are they, are they still a mill?

Newton: They were manufacturers. Grand mill is Linton, make best museum in the country would Linton Mills if the silly old feller ‘ud let somebody go in and talk to him and do it. There’s everything in that mill. There’s a Newton, Bean and Mitchell engine, it’d be the last engine they ever made with drop valves, you know, a drop valve one with a tail end air pump. It ran a great big DC generator about ten feet tall. There’s two Paxman Diesels, I don’t know whether they’re six cylinder or eight now. I forget, one’s partially in pieces and t’others all together with great big DC generators on the ends. There’s a forty horse power turbine that runs a DC generator which used to light his house and heat it. It did that for fifty years, never cost them a penny and when we went to repair it when the bearings conked out he wouldn’t pay for it so I wouldn’t go any more. But it’s a marvellous set up. Then there’s that great big thing down in that concrete cellar, that’d run all the blinking lot with a DC generator on it as well as being coupled to all the shafting in the mill. They ran everything off that water, when there were plenty of water coming down the river, everything, mill, houses, looms, the lot. They even pumped water out of the river for people to drink. It’s a shame. In fact I think it’s ridiculous, I think someone wants to go along there and plonk an order on it before the scrap chaps get in there. There’s shafting up and everything.]

[Another letter]
Pep Letter From, 15 Pasture Crescent, Leeds, LS7 4QS. [arrow points to post code and says ‘it’s come’]
Dear Edgar, Sorry to hear that you are ‘bowed down with grief’ but cheer up, summer will come and we will have a day out.

This is an SOS. Look in the Black Book and find FARNLEY IRON COMPANY, FARNLEY, LEEDS and see if there is an engine Vertical plate mill engine by John Fowler and send me partics. Also an engine at CROWTREES/RAISTRICK/BRIGHOUSE> LAUNDRY. And send me partics written so that an old buffer like me can read them. I hope things will get better for you so that you can enjoy all these interesting engines. I saw one running last week in Otley. Must have passed it hundreds of times. William Barker (Tannery), 100hp single cylinder horizontal by Marsden, 1895. 17” X 3ft, 100rpm, 55psi. Corliss. Non-condensing. Exhaust to drying etc. Filthy but running nice and quiet. 8ft x 24ft Lancashire boiler. Hand fired. Yours, Arthur. [Then some drawings of Edgar bowed with grief and after reading ?.]

[undated letter from Arthur Roberts to Edgar Brook]
Dear Edgar Brook,
Sorry I didn’t get to Magnet last Saturday. I got to Rochdale but on the way to Oldham I got entangled with a 10 ton Green’s Road Roller belonging to a Rochdale contractor going to Oldham to go on a job. Not been used for two years and could not keep up steam. Only got 50lbs instead of 150. Had to keep stopping going up that long hill to Royton. I got so interested talking to the two men with it that time got really late and when I got to Broadway I did not notice and got on a Manchester limited bus and he took me right away. So weighing things up I decided to keep away as it would have been 12 by the time I got there and should have felt such a fool. I suppose you went. One day I took my courage in both hands and went to Orgreave and Swanwick. I can’t find Moreland or Morgreave or Firbeck on your map but it is a very interesting map, I’ll look after it and let you have it back safe. Many thanks for all those visits you took me. Have you used up all your holiday now? See if you can get over to B Winnings and get a FULL report on the engines before they go. Some terrible weather about now or is it still. All for now I think, so all the best, yours, Arthur.

[Undated letter from Arthur to Edgar Brook.]
FRIDAY
Dear Edgar,
According to the fifth and sixth chapters of the ‘Books of Hedgah’, 13 pages of which you sent me, thank you very much, I see you made a visit to the Huddersfield engine. It appears to be very much like the one at William Greenwood’s, Earlsheaton. Kindly complete the details. I am so glad you went to Fisher, Firths, they both welcome visitors (or it is no use preserving the engine). I knew you would like this. Did you notice those gears on the engine crank shaft in the back room? Hardly worn at all. Little used. Did you see the lodge just outside the mill. I’m so glad you have got to know the two cross compounds. So much more interesting now. There is only now to make certain about the Hathorn and Davey. I’m so sorry to let you down on your visits. I very much enjoyed them.

Transcribed and edited by SCG/28 May 2008
Copyright
No copyright is claimed for this transcription by Stanley Challenger Graham beyond that which exists in the original works used in this amalgamation of information from several sources.































ABBEY MILL. WHALLEY 70
ABBEY PUMPING STATION. LEICESTER 140
ABRAHAM MOON. GUISELEY 12
ACE MILL. OLDHAM 106
ACKROYD (SUCCESSORS). HALIFAX 34
ACKROYD AND COMPANY. LEEDS 11
ACRE MILL. BACUP 50
Acres Mill, Keighley 32
ACTON HALL COLLIERY. FEATHERSTONE 132
ADNA BROOK. GILDERSOME 13
AIRE BANK MILL. GARGRAVE 125
ALBERT AND BRITANNIA MILLS. HASLINGDEN 142
ALBERT MILL. DEWSBURY 16
ALBERT MILL. NELSON 56
ALBION MILL COMPANY. LITTLEBOROUGH 72
ALBION MILLS. THONG BRIDGE 47
Albion Shed, Earby 40
ALBION. PADIHAM 63
ALDER MILL. LEIGH 120
ALEXANDRA MILL. HAWKSCLOUGH 35
ALFRED HERBERT. COVENTRY 128
ALLERTON COMBING COMPANY. BRADFORD 24
ALMA TANNERY 10
ALNE BRICKWORKS. HEMINGBROUGH 128
AMBLER. ARDSLEY 11
AMBLER. WILSDEN 30
ANCHOR MILL, TONG STREET. BRADFORD 26
ANDERTON AND HALSTEAD. HASLINGDEN 142
APPLEYARDS. MORLEY 15
ARGYLL MILL. FAILSWORTH 105
ARKWRIGHT MILL, COOK STREET, HAMER 88
ARKWRIGHT MILL. PRESTON 150
ARROW MILL. ROCHDALE 73
ASH MILL. SHAW 100
ASH SPINNING CO (1883). SHAW 100
ASHLEY MILLS. SHIPLEY 25
ASHTON. NEWTON, HYDE? 144
ASHWORTH. BACUP 50
ASKERN COLLIERY 134
ASKERN COLLIERY. DONCASTER 134
ASTLEY AND TYLDESLEY COAL COMPANY 135
ASTLEY MILL. DUKINFIELD 123
ATKINSON. BRIGHOUSE 39
ATLAS MILL NUMBER 6. BOLTON 150
ATLAS MILL. BRADFORD 25
ATLAS MILLS. BOLTON 116
ATLAS WORKS. ELLAND 37
AUDLEY FLOUR MILL. BLACKBURN 67
AVON MILL (1919) LTD. MIDDLETON 86
BADGER HILL MILLS. RASTRICK 40
BAILDON COMBING COMPANY. SHIPLEY 26
BAIRSTOW NO. 2 MILL. SUTTON 33
BAITINGS MILL. NORDEN. ROCHDALE 77
BALDERSTONE MILL. FRECKLETON 68
BANCROFT MILL. TODMORDEN 48
BANCROFT SHED. BARNOLDSWICK 42
BANKHALL COLLIERY. BURNLEY 157
BANKHOUSE. STAINLAND 37
BANKSFIELD DYEWORKS. YEADON 12
BANKSIDE MILL. SOUTH REDDISH 130
BARBER BROTHERS. HOLMBRIDGE 46
BARCHANT MILL. ROCHDALE 85
BARKER. MORLEY 14
BARLOW AND JONES. BOLTON 114, 115
BARNES AND CO LTD. MILNROW 94
BARRACLOUGH’S. PUDSEY 10
BATHFORD PAPER MILL 145
BAYTREE MILL. MIDDLETON 75
BAYTREE MILLS LTD (1903). MIDDLETON JUNCTION 75
BEAN INGS MILL 3
BEANLAND. CLAYTON WEST 47
BEAUMONT AND SMITH. VALLEY MILL. PUDSEY 9
BEAUMONT. HUDDERSFIELD 43
BEDFORD. LEIGH 119
BEE SPINNING CO (ROYTON) LTD. ROYTON 112
BEECH MILLS. KEIGHLEY 29
BEEHIVE MILL. BOLTON 116
BELL MILL. OLDHAM 104
BENN AND WEBSTER. MORLEY 14
BESSBROOK SPINNING CO. NEWRY, IRELAND 130
BESTWOOD COLLIERY. NOTTINGHAM 135
BESTWOOD PUMPING STATION 137
BIBBY AND SONS. FRECKLETON 68
BIBBY, OIL AND CAKE MILLS. LIVERPOOL? 131
BIRLEY. BURNLEY 140
BIRMINGHAM MUSEUM 127
BISHOP HOUSE. BURNLEY 62
BLACK CARR. TRAWDEN 51
Black Dyke Mills 30
BLACKBURN AND BRAY. HALIFAX 34
BLACKBURN ROAD. BOLTON 113
BLACKBURN. BIRSTALL 19
BLEACH WORKS. CLITHEROE 64
BLISS TWEED MILL. CHIPPING NORTON 145
BOBBIN MILL 30
BOBBIN MILL. STEETON 30
BOMBAY UNITED SPINNING AND WEAVING COMPANY 132
BOOTH AND SPEAK. EARBY 40
BOOTH BROTHERS. DRIGHLINGTON 14
BOOTH. GILDERSOME 13
BOTTOMLEY’S. BUTTERSHAW 35
BOTTOMS MILL. BIRKENSHAW 13
BOUGHTON PUMPING STATION. NEWARK 153
BOWKER AND BALL. DUKINFIELD 124
BOWLING GREEN MILLS. DARWEN 65
Bowling Iron Company 11
BOYES AND HALLAWELL, HOUCH END. BRAMLEY 6
Bracewell of Burnley 29, 52
BRADFORD COMBING CO. BRADFORD 28
BRADLEYS, TONG ROAD, LEEDS. 4
BRAYTON PUMPING STATION 136
BREARLEY. BRIGHOUSE 38
BREMNER MANUFACTURING CO LTD. OTLEY 127
BRENNAND MILL. BURNLEY 56
BRIAR MILL (1920) LTD. SHAW 94
BRICK AND PIPE WORKS 39
BRICK LANE MILL. BRADFORD 25
BRIDGE END, ELLAND 36
BRIDGE MILL. WHITWORTH 85
BRIDGEWATER MILL. BLACKBURN 67
BRIERFIELD MILL COMPANY 52
Brierfield Mills 29
Brigella Mill, Bradford. 33
BRIGGS. OSSETT 17
BRIGGS. CLAYTON. BRADFORD 27
BRIGHT AND BROTHERS LIMITED. ROCHDALE 87
BRIGHT. ROCHDALE 86
BRISTOL COTTON COMPANY. BRISTOL 124
BRITANNIA MILL. BURNLEY 58
BRITISH OIL AND CAKE MILLS. AVONMOUTH 150
BROADSTONE SPINNING MILL. REDDISH 128
BROOK STREET MILL. CHORLEY 118
BROOKHOUSE MILL. PRESTON 66
BROOKLANDS MILL. LEIGH 120
BROWHEAD MILL. BURNLEY? 60
BROWNSIDE MILL. BURNLEY 60
BUCHANAN’S FLOUR MILL. BIRKENHEAD 131
BUCKLEY MILL. ROCHDALE 90
BUCKLEY. OLDHAM 152
BUCKTON 2
Buckton. 39
Burgess and Ledward of Walkden 41
BURLINGTON MILL..WOODHALL ROAD. BRADFORD 25
BURLINGTON SHED. KEIGHLEY 32
BURNS RING MILL. HEYWOOD 93
BURROWS. BURNLEY 58
BUTT END MILLS. MIRFIELD 17
BUTTERWORTH HALL. MILNROW 86
BUTTERWORTH. WATERFOOT 50
BUTTS MILL. LEIGH 120
CAIRO MILL. BURNLEY 60
CAIRO MILL. OLDHAM 104
CALDER MILL. DEWSBURY 15
CALDER VALE MILL. BURNLEY 65
CALF HALL SHED COMPANY. BARNOLDSWICK 41
CALVERT. ILLINGWORTH 35
CAMERON MILL. BURNLEY 61
CANAL MILL. CHORLEY 131
CAPE SPINNING CO. SHAW 102
CARR PARKER AND CO LTD. HASLINGDEN 66
CARRINGTON MILLS CO. LEIGH 121
Casson 38
CASSON. ELLAND 39
CASSON. MARSHFIELD MILL. ELLAND 38
CASTLETON MILL. ARMLEY 3
CEDAR MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 109
CELLARS CLOUGH. SLAITHWAITE 43
CENTRAL MILL. OLDHAM 146
CENTURY MILL. FARNWORTH 111
CHADWICK AND TAYLOR. SALFORD 128
CHAMBERS. CHURCH 64
CHARLES LANE MILL. HASLINGDEN 66
CHARLESTOWN COMBING COMPANY 26
CHEADLE HEATH CONDENSER MILL 125
CHESHAM MILLS. BURY 93
CITY COMBING COMPANY. BRADFORD 23
CITY WASTE. BRADFORD 25
CLAY PITTS MILLS. HALIFAX 34
CLAYMILLS. BURTON ON TRENT 138
CLOUGH END MILL. HASLINGDEN 66
CLOUGH MILL. BARNOLDSWICK 41
CLOUGH MILL. SHAW 94
CLOUGH, RAMSDEN. PUDSEY 11
CLOVER MILL. ROCHDALE 75
COATS. PAISLEY 131
COBDEN MILL. SABDEN 69
COLLINGHAM AND KEIGHLEY. KEIGHLEY 31
COLLINS BROTHERS LTD. HEYWOOD 92
COLUMBIA STREET MILL. BOLTON 114
CONEY LANE MILL. KEIGHLEY 31
COOPERATIVE LAUNDRY. ROCHDALE 90
COPPULL RING MILL. COPPULL 118
Copyright 163
CORAL MILL. NEWHEY 94
CORDINGLEY. PUDSEY 7
Coronation Mill 58
CORONATION MILL. BURNLEY 62, 143
CORPORATION MILLS, SOWERBY BRIDGE 34
COTTINGHAM PUMPING STATION 155
COTTON. BLACKBURN 67
COTTON. HUDDERSFIELD 44
COURTAULDS, BEDFORD NEW MILL 119
COURTAULDS. CASTLETON 73
CRABTREE AND FARROW. TODMORDEN 49
CRABTREE. BINGLEY 28
CRABTREE. BRADFORD 24
CRAMP OAK MILL. BERRY LANE. LONGRIDGE 71
CRESCENT MILL. DUKINFIELD 124
CREST RING MILL. ROCHDALE 74
CROAL SPINNING CO. BOLTON 112
CROFT MILL. ROCHDALE 75
CROMER MILL. MIDDLETON 107
CROMFORD AND HIGH PEAK RAILWAY 130
CROSS AND WINKWORTH. BOLTON 116
CROSSE HALL WORKS (WEAVING). CHORLEY 119
CROSTON MANUFACTURING COMPANY (1887) 71
CROW NEST MILL. BARNOLDSWICK 41
CROWTHER. SLAITHWAITE 44
CUDWORTH. NORDEN 77
CURZON MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 108
DAISYFIELD MILL. BURY 102
DALE MILL. NELSON 55
DALTON MILLS. KEIGHLEY 29
DANES HOUSE MILL. BURNLEY 58
DART MILL. BOLTON 86
DARWEN COTTON MANFG CO LTD (1875). DARWEN 65
DARWEN GAS WORKS 65
DAWN MILL. SHAW 101
DEAN MILL PLUMBE STREET 60
DEAN STREET MILL. KIRKSTALL ROAD. LEEDS 6
DEANE SHED. BOLTON 117
DEE MILL. SHAW 94
DELPH HILL MILL. BOLTON 115
DELTA MILL. OLDHAM 106
DELTA MILL. ROYTON 106
DENNISON. YEADON 12
DEPTFORD POWER STATION 160
DERKER MILL. OLDHAM 145
DEVERON MILL. GREAT HARWOOD 64
DEVON MILL. OLDHAM 105
DEWHURST LTD. PRESTON 150
DIAMOND ROPE WORKS. ROYTON 109
DICKENSON. DRIGHLINGTON 14
diesel engines 21
DISTRICT LAUNDRY. ROCHDALE 90
DIXON. STEETON 30
DOBROYD. HUDDERSFIELD 42
DOVE SPINNING CO LTD. BOLTON 117
DRAKE MILL. FARNWORTH 110
DUCKETT. BURNLEY 142
Duncan Smith 44
DURBAN MILL. OLDHAM 104
DURN MILL. LITTLEBOROUGH 73
EAGLEY MILL. BOLTON 114
EBOR MILL. HAWORTH 32
ECCLES SPINNING CO. PATRICROFT 128
ECKERSLEY. WIGAN 121
ECLIPSE MILL. ROCHDALE 90
EDGEWICK WORKS. COVENTRY 128
EDMONDSON. BURNLEY 140
EDMUND HALSTEAD LTD (1903). BURNLEY 62
EDWIN SHAW. SLAITHWAITE 44
EGYPTIAN MILLS. FARNWORTH. BOLTON 117
ELDER MILL. ROMILEY 126
ELECTRICITY WORKS 34
ELK MILL. ROYTON 106
ELKSLEY PUMPING STATION. LINCOLN 155
ELLAND DYEING COMPANY 36
ELLENROAD MILL. NEWHEY 91
ELLIOTT. BLACKO 141
ELM STREET MILL. BURNLEY 61
ELMFIELD MILL. BRAMLEY 5
ELSWICK MILL? 68
EMMOTT. BURNLEY 143
EMPIRE MILL(?). BURNLEY 140
ENSOR MILL COMPANY LTD. CASTLETON 77
ENSOR MILL. ROCHDALE 77
ENTWISTLE. BURY 92
ERA MILL. ROCHDALE 89
FACIT MILL. ROCHDALE 76
FAIRLEA. LUDDENDEN FOOT 46
FARNLEY FORGE. LEEDS 11
FERGUSLIE THREAD WORKS. PAISLEY 131
FERNHURST MILL. BLACKBURN 67
FERNHURST MILL. CHADDERTON 146
FERRANTI. HOLLINWOOD. 147
FIELD MILL. MORLEY 14
FIELDEN AND RIGG. TODMORDEN 48
FIELDEN BROTHERS. TODMORDEN 47
FIELDHEAD MILL. BRADFORD 21, 26
FIELDHOUSE MILL. ROCHDALE 87
FINSLEY MILL. BURNLEY 57
FINSLEY VIEW MILL. HARLE SYKE 63
FIR MILL. ROYTON 151
FIRGROVE MILL. MILNROW 94
FIRTH BROTHERS. SHEPLEY 46
FIRTH. BRADFORD 23
FIRTH. HUDDERSFIELD 43
FISH LTD (1874). BLACKBURN 69
Fishwick Street Mill 117
FISON. BURLEY 20
FLASH STREET MILL. BOLTON 113
FLAX MILL GILDERSOME 13
FLAX MILLS. KIRKHAM 68
FLETCHER AND SON LTD. NELSON 55
Florence Mill 69
FLORENCE STREET. BRADFORD 27
FORD AYRTON. LOWER BENTHAM 126
FORRESTS. PROSPECT MILL. PUDSEY 10
FOSTER AND CUREDALE. BURNLEY 60
FOSTER. DENHOLME 30, 31
FOX MILLS. OLDHAM 103
FRANCE. DEWSBURY 16
Fraser and Chalmers 46
Furneval of Haslingden 41
GARFIELD MILL. NEWHEY 92
GARFIELD SPINNING COMPANY LTD. NEWHEY 92
GARTSIDE AND CO. DUKINFIELD 124
GEM SPINNING COMPANY. HOLLINWOOD 145
GEORGE STREET MANUFACTURING CO. BURNLEY 143
GEORGE STREET MFG CO LTD. BURNLEY 62
GIBSON. BRAMLEY 6
GIDLOW WORKS. WIGAN 123
GLADSTONE SPINNING CO LTD. OLDHAM 146
GLEN MILL. MORLEY 15
GLENFIELD MILL. NELSON 55
GLOBE MILL. LEEDS 5
GLOBE SPINNING COMPANY. SLAITHWAITE 47
GLOVER. MORLEY 15
GORDON MILL. OLDHAM 112
GORSEY BANK. STOCKPORT 125
GOYT MILL. MARPLE 144
GOYT SPINNING CO LTD. HAWK GREEN 144
GR???? MILL. BURNLEY 60
GRANE MILL. HASLINGDEN 65
GRANGE VALE SPINNING CO. OLDHAM 146
GRAPE MILL. OLDHAM 106
grasshopper 37
Grasshopper 35
GREAT LEVER SPINNING CO LTD. BOLTON 114
GREAVES. BACUP 49
GREAVES. OLDHAM 145
GREEN AND COMPANY. PADIHAM 64
GREEN BROTHERS (1903). WHALLEY 70
GREEN LANE MILL. PADIHAM 64
GREEN. BRADLEY 31
GREENBANK MILLS. OLDHAM 143
GREENFIELD MILL CO. DARWEN 65
GREENFIELD MILL CO. SPRING VALE 65
GREENFIELD MILL. SPRING VALE NEAR DARWEN 72
GREENHALGH AND SHAW. BOLTON 132
GREENHILL COMBING COMPANY. BRADFORD 27
GREENSIDE MILL PUDSEY 9
GREENWICH POWER STATION 124
GREENWOOD AND WALSH. MORLEY 15
GREENWOOD. BLACKBURN 67
GREENWOOD. DEWSBURY 16
GREY? BURNLEY 61
GREY. BURNLEY 61
GROSVENOR MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 108
GUIDE MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 144
H Brown, Sons and Pickles 40
HABERGHAM MILL. BURNLEY 60
HADFIELD, BLEACHWORKS. CHINLEY 145
Haigh and Heppenstall, Bridgefield Mill. 38
HAIGH AND HEPSTALL[SIC]. ELLAND 38
HAINSWORTH. STANNINGLEY 10
HALIFAX CORPORATION TRAMWAYS 34
HALL LANE 23
HALL LANE MILL. LEIGH 121
Halliwell Mill, Bolton 132
HARDCASTLE, LEEDS 4
HARGREAVES AND NUSSEY 3
HARGREAVES. BACUP 48
HARRIS STREET 23
HARTLEY AND COMPANY. LITTLEBOROUGH 72
HASTON LEE MILL. BLACKBURN 67
HATTERSLEY. HOWARTH 33
HAWK MILL. SHAW 101
HAWORTH HOLDENLTD (1901) HODDLESDEN 65
HAWTHORN MILL. OLDHAM 109
HAWTHORN. CHADDERTON 109
HAYFIELD WOOLS. GLUSBURN 33
HAYTHORNTHWAITE AND SON. BURNLEY 58
HAYTHORNTHWAITE. BURNLEY 140
HEALEY BROTHERS. HEYWOOD 93
HEBDEN AND SONS. BOLTON 132
HELM. SPOUT MILL. RASTRICK 39
HEMSWORTH COLLIERY. PONTEFRACT 134
HENDON MILLS. NELSON 57
HENDON ROOM AND POWER COMPANY. NELSON 57
HENSALL PUMPING STATION 137
HERON MILL. HOLLINWOOD 104
HERON MILL. OLDHAM 104
HERTFORD MILL. WERNETH OLDHAM 152
HEY. BRADFORD 25
HEYWOOD AND SONS (1898). ROCHDALE 92
HIELD BROTHERS. OXENHOPE 33
HIGHAM’S. ROCHDALE 77
HILL. MIDDLESBOROUGH 131
HINCHCLIFFE WRIGHT. DYERS. HOLMFIRTH 161
HINCHCLIFFE. DENBY DALE 45
HIRD. KEIGHLEY 32
HODGSONS. BRAMLEY 6
HOGHTON (BACUP). WHITFIELD MILL 88
HOLDEN. HOLMFIELD MILL. BARROWFORD. 143
HOLDSWORTH. HALIFAX 34
HOLLIN BANK. BRIERFIELD 57
HOLLINS MILL CO. MARPLE 144
HOLLINSHEAD MILL. BLACKBURN 67
HOLMEBANK MILL. MIRFIELD 17
HOLMES MANN. BRADFORD 23
HOLMFIELD MILL. BARROWFORD 143
HOLROYD. DEWSBURY 15
Holroyd’s 72
HOLTON. BIRSTALL 19
HOLYROOD MILL. OLDHAM 146
HOPE SPINNING CO. FAILSWORTH 112
HORROCKS AND CREWDSON. BOLTON 117
HORROCKS AND CREWDSON. PRESTON 67
Horrocks, Crewdson & Co, Preston 117
HORSFALL. WEST VALE. HALIFAX 36
Howarth, Tumbling Hill. 25
HOWARTH. BRADFORD 25
HOWE BRIDGE. ATHERTON 119
HOYLE. BACUP 48
HOYLE. COPLEY. ELLAND 37
HOYLES. WEST VALE. HALIFAX 37
HUCKNALL COLLIERY NO. ONE 134
HUCKNALL NUMBER TWO COLLIERY 135
HURST MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 108
HUTCHINSON LTD (1837). BURY 102
ILLINGWORTH AND INGHAM, LEEDS 3
ILLINGWORTH MORRISS 27
ILLINGWORTH. BRADFORD 24
IMPERIAL MILL, GREENBANK. BLACKBURN 66
IMPERIAL MILL. BURNLEY 58
IRIS MILL. HATHERSHAW. OLDHAM 104
IRK MILL. MIDDLETON 75
IRVING FIRTH. KEIGHLEY 29
IVES. YEADON 19
JACKSON BRIDGE. HUDDERSFIELD 42
JACKSON. ROCHDALE 76
JAMES FLETCHER. CHORLEY 118
JAMES NELSON LIMITED. ROCHDALE 87
JEREMIAH ROBERTSHAW 22
JESSE ROBINSON. THONGS BRIDGE. HUDDERSFIELD 160
JOB BEAUMONT. HUDDERSFIELD 160
JOHN GILLETT. CHORLEY 119
JOHNSON AND JOHNSON. GARGRAVE 125
JOSEPH JOHNSON. BOLTON 117
JUBILEE MILL. CROSTON. PRESTON 71
JUBILEE MILL. NEWHEY 161
JUBILEE ROOM AND POWER CO. PADIHAM 117
JUDGE WALMSLEY MILL. WHALLEY 69
KAY AND JAGGER. ELLAND 38
KAYE AND JAGGER. WESTBURY. ELLAND 38
KAYE. ELLAND 38
KEIGHLEY’S. BURNLEY 58
KELLET BROWN, CALVERLEY 8
KENT MILL. OLDHAM 104
KENYON. BURY 93
KENYON. DENBY DALE 44
KERSHAW. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 144
KING MILL. ROYTON 87
KING SPINNING ROYTON 87
KINGS MILL. HARLE SYKE 58
KIPPAX LIMITED. BURNLEY 60
KIRKHALL LANE MILLS. LEIGH 121
KIRKHAM AND WESHAM ROOM AND POWER COMPANY LIMITED 68
KIRKSTALL FORGE CO. LTD. LEEDS 11
KITSON. DENBY DALE 45
KNOWL[SIC] MILL. KEIGHLEY 32
KNOWLES BRICK AND PIPE WORKS. ELLAND 39
KNOWLES. PENDLEBURY 129
KRUMLIN MILL. BARKISLAND 40
LAIDLAW’S MILL. DUNS 147
LAMBERT. NELSON 56
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION 66
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. BURY 91
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. COPPULL 118
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. HOLLINWOOD 152
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. MARS MILL. CASTLETON 89
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. OLDHAM 147
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. ROCHDALE 88
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. SHAW 101
LANCASHIRE COTTON CORPORATION. STALYBRIDGE 124
LANCASTERS. BURNLEY 59
LANCS. ASBESTOS COMPANY 108
LARK SPINNING CO. HOLLINWOOD 112
last Saxon engine 145
LAW. LITTLEBOROUGH 72, 73
LCC. 131
LEACH. WARDLE 86
LEAFIELD MILL. YEADON 19
LEAN’S MILL. GLASGOW 132
LEE BANK MILL. NELSON 59
LEE BANK SHEETING COMPANY. NELSON 59
LEE. DEWSBURY 16
Leeds United Hospitals 4
LEEDS UNIVERSITY 127
LEES AND WRIGLEY. OLDHAM 143
LEES BROOK MILL. OLDHAM 112
LEES MILL. HAWORTH 32
LEGOTT. BRADFORD 27
LEIGH MILL. COVENTRY 127
LEIGH SPINNING CO. LEIGH 120
LEVER MILL. BLACKBURN 67
LILY MILL b. SHAW 102
LILY MILL. SHAW 102
LINBY COLLIERY. NOTTINGHAM 136
LINDEN MILL. CASTLETON 74
LINTHWAITE 44
LION MILL. ROYTON 151
LISTER BROTHERS. HORSFORTH 8
LISTER. PUDSEY 7
LITTLEWOOD AND COMPANY LTD. ROCHDALE 90
LIVINGSTONE MILL. BURNLEY 60
LOCKWOOD. LEEDS 4
LODGE AND CROSSFIELD MILLS. WARDLE 86
LODGE MILL?. BURNLEY 140
LODGE MILL. BURNLEY 58
LODGE, ARMLEY 4
LOMESHAYE BRIDGE MILL. NELSON 56
LONGRIDGE MANUFACTURING COMPANY 70
LONGWORTH AND SONS. WHALLY 69
LORD BROTHERS. TODMORDEN 48
LORNE STREET MILLS. MOSES GATE 117
LOSTOCK BRIDGE. 115
LOW BRIDGE MILL. KEIGHLEY 30
LOW MILL, DEWSBURY 17
LOWER HOLME MILL. SHIPLEY 26
LUPTON, LEEDS. 4
LUPTON. CLIFFE MILL 8
LYDGATE MILL. LITTLEBOROUGH 72
LYLE. MIRFIELD 18
Mackrell of Elland 39
MAGNET MILL. OLDHAM 109
MAIDEN MILL. GILDERSOME 13
MALTA MILL. MIDDLETON 107
MANCHESTER MILL. PRESTON 149
MANOR MILL. OLDHAM 105
MANOR MILL. YEADON 19
MANOR ROAD MILL 2
MAPLE MILL. OLDHAM 105
MARHAM PUMPING STATION 138
MARKFIELD SEWAGE PUMPING STATION. TOTTENHAM 147
MARLAND MILL. ROCHDALE 74
MARLBOROUGH 1&2. OLDHAM 105
MARS MILL. ROCHDALE 89
MARSDEN MILL. NELSON 54
MARSHALL 2
MARTIN MILL. BAGSLATE. ROCHDALE 89
MARTIN’S MILL LTD. BAGSLATE 89
MASON, WEST AND BATHER. HARLE SYKE 58
MASON. COLNE 51
MATHER. LEEDS 11
MATTHEW WALKER. PUDSEY 8
MATTHEWS. EASTBURN 126
MAUDE. STAINLAND 37
MAVIS MILL. COPPULL 118
MAY MILL. WIGAN 122
MAY NUMBER 1 MILL. WIGAN 122
MAY NUMBER 2 MILL. WIGAN 122
MAYALL AND MASSEY. WOODLEY 130
MAYFIELD MILL. ROCHDALE 85
MELLISH, WORTLEY 5
MELLODEW AND CO LTD. OLDHAM 153
MELLOR MILL. MELLOR 68
MELLOR STREET MILL. ROCHDALE 92
MELTHAM, WOODHEAD, UPPER SUNNYBANK 160
MERRALL. HAWORTH 32
Merralls Syke Mill, Haworth 30
MERSEY MILL. FAILSWORTH 111
MERSEY MILL. OLDHAM 111
MIDDLETON TOP.INCLINE ENGINE 130
MIDGELEY. FLEECE MILL. KEIGHLEY 42
Midland Mill, Keighley 11
MILLSTEAD MILL. TODMORDEN 47
MILNE SHAW 94
MILNSBRIDGE 160
Milnsbridge. Huddersfield 43
MILTON SPINNING COMPANY. MOSSLEY 151
MITCHELL. OLD TOWN. [HAWORTH?] 33
MOHUN AND SON, PUDSEY 10
MONARCH MILL. OLDHAM 109
MONS MILL. TODMORDEN 49
MONTON MILL. NEAR ECCLES 131
MOON. NEW MILL 45
MOOR MILL. BOLTON 151
MOORBROOK MILL. PRESTON 150
MOORBROOK SPINNING CO, PRESTON 150
MOORLANDS MILL. BIRKENSHAW 11
MOORSIDE MILL. OLDHAM 153
MORRISON. SHIPLEY 25
MOSES GATE WEAVING SHED. BOLTON 117
MOSS BRIDGE. ROCHDALE 89
MOSS MILL. ROCHDALE 86
MOSSFIELD MILL. HEYWOOD 93
Moston Mill 49
MOSTON MILL. MANCHESTER 110
MOUNT PLEASANT MILL. BURNLEY 140
MUNROE AND SON. GUIDE. BLACKBURN 71
MURGATROYD. YEADON 13
MUSGRAVE 2
MUSGRAVE SPINNING CO. PRESTON 150
MUSGRAVE SPINNING COMPANY. BOLTON 116
MUTUAL SPINNING CO LTD. HEYWOOD. 93
NAYLOR JENNINGS. YEADON 12
NELSON BROTHERS. TODMORDEN 47
NELSON COOPERATIVE SOCIETY 54, 61
NELSON LAUNDRY. NELSON 61
NELSON ROOM AND POWER COMPANY 53
NEWHALL SPINNING COMPANY. BURNLEY 143
NEWSHOLME. BATLEY 18
Newsome’s, Dewsbury 38
NEWTON MOOR MILLS. NEWTON 144
NEWTOWN MILLS. PENDLEBURY 129
NILE MILL. HOLLINWOOD 103
NORMAN MILL. OLDHAM 152
NORMANTON AND SONS LTD. WHITWORTH 85
NORTH DALTON PUMPING STATION 159
NORTH END SPINNING CO LTD. BOLTON 113
NORTON. SCISSETT 46
NUTTALL AND CROOK. BURNLEY 142
NUTTER AND SONS. BARNOLDSWICK 42
O’NEILL. ROCHDALE 74
OAK BANK MILL. NELSON 55
OAK MILL. MORLEY 15
OATS BROTHERS. HALIFAX 34
OCEAN FLOUR MILL. BIRKENHEAD 131
OCEAN MILL. BOLTON 117
OCEAN SPINNING CO LTD. GREAT LEVER 117
OLD MILL CO (1894), PARK ROAD. DUKINFIELD 153
OLD MILL. DUKINFIELD 153
OLIVER’S MILL. BAMFORD 127
OPENSHAW. GARGRAVE 125
ORCHARD MILL. PADIHAM 63
ORDSALL HALL PAPER WORKS? 128
ORIENTAL SPINNING AND WEAVING COMPANY. BOMBAY 132
ORME MILL. WATERHEAD 147
ORMROD, HARDCASTLE CO. BOLTON 113, 114
OSBORNE MILLS ABRAHAM STOTT. BUSK 106
OSWALD AND DUNCAN LTD. HAMER LANE 85
PALESIDE MILL. OSSETT 12
PALM MILL COMPANY LTD. OLDHAM 110
PAPER MILL, BINGLEY 28
PAPER MILL. RAMSBOTTOM 69
PAPER WORKS. RADCLIFFE 150
PAPPLEWICK PUMPING STATION 154
PARK PLACE MILL. BLACKBURN 70
PARK PLACE SPINNING CO. BLACKBURN 70
PARK ROAD. BINGLEY 28
PARK SHED. BURNLEY 59
PARKER’S MILL. HASLINGDEN 66
PARKFIELD MILL. OLDHAM 153
PEAR NEW MILL. BREDBURY 125
PEATE. YEADON 12
PEEL MILL NO 1. BURY 149
PEEL MILL NO 2. BURY 149
PEEL MILL. BINGLEY 28
PEEL MILL. BURNLEY 58
PENDLE STREET MILL. NELSON 55
PERSEVERANCE MILL COMPANY. PADIHAM 63
PERSIAN MILL. BOLTON 119
PETER CROOK LTD. FARNWORTH 110
Petrie, Rochdale 52
PHOENIX COMBING CO. BRADFORD 27
PICKLES. BURNLEY 60
PICKLES. COLNE 50
PILLEY BRADFORD 24
PILOT MILL. BURY 91
PLANTATION MILL. HASLINGDEN 66
PLUMBE STREET MILL. BURNLEY 57
POCSON. SLAITHWAITE 45
POMFRET. TURTON 64
PORTWOOD MILLS. STOCKPORT 130
PORTWOOD SPINNING CO. STOCKPORT 130
PRENTON PUMPING STATION. BIRKENHEAD 159
PRESTON ST COMBING CO. BRADFORD 27
PRIESTLEY. STANNINGLEY 7
PRIESTMAN. BRADFORD 20, 21
PRIMET MILL. COLNE 51
PRIMROSE MILL. BURNLEY 59
PRIMROSE MILL. HARLE SYKE 63
PRIMROSE MILLS. CHURCH 64
PRIMROSE WORKS. CLITHEROE 64
PRINCE OF WALES COLLIERY. CASTLEFORD 133
PRINCE SMITH. KEIGHLEY 32
PROGRESS MILL. KIRKHAM 68
PROGRESS MILL. PADIHAM 118
PROGRESS. PADIHAM 63
PROSPECT MILL NO 2. BOLTON 119
PROSPECT MILL. DARWEN 65
PROSPECT MILL. SOWERBY BRIDGE 34
PROSPECT MILLS. WEST VALE. HALIFAX 35
PROVIDENCE MILL. EARLSHEATON 161
PROVIDENCE MILL. HOWARTH 33
PROVIDENCE MILLS. DEWSBURY 16
PROVIDENT MILL CO LTD. DARWEN 65
PUDSEY WORSTED MILL COMPANY 9
QUARRY MILL. ROCHDALE 92
QUEEN MILL. ACCRINGTON 64
QUEEN MILL. DUKINFIELD 123
QUEEN STREET MILL. HARLE SYKE 62
QUEEN’S MILL. LONGRIDGE 70
QUEENSGATE MILL. BURNLEY 62
QUEENSWAY. ROCHDALE 74
RAM MILL. OLDHAM 111
RAMSBOTHAM. BRADFORD 27
RAMSBOTTOM AND HITCHON. 89
RAMSDEN’S LTD. SOWERBY BRIDGE 34
RANKS. BIRKENHEAD 131
RATCLIFFE, WORTLEY 5
RAVEN MILL. CHADDERTON 146
RAVEN MILL. OLDHAM 146
RAWDEN, BRIGGS. RAVENSTHORPE 18
RAWLINGS. LEEDS 5
REDCROSS MILL. ROCHDALE 87
REDMAYNE AND ISHERWOOD. KIRKHAM 68
REGENT MILL. OLDHAM 107
RENNIE, STANNINGLEY 7
Rennie’s at Stanningley 22
REX MILL (1919) LTD. OLDHAM ROAD MIDDLETON 75
REX MILL. MIDDLETON 75
Ribchester 46
RICHARD INGHAM. PUDSEY 9
RICHARDSON. 1909/15. AIRTON 126
RIDGE MILLS 11
RIDGEFIELD SPINNING COMPANY. FAILSWORTH 109
RILEY. COLNE 51
RIPLEY. BRADFORD 28
RIVER DON WORKS. SHEFFIELD 129
RIVETT. SOUTH REDDISH 130
ROACH BANK MILLS. BURY 93
ROALL PUMPING STATION 136
Robert Aram 45
ROBERT HOWARTH. NEWHEY 161
ROBERT HYDE. MILLBROOK 110
Robinson and Peel, Bradford 18
ROBINSON. HOLBECK. LEEDS 6
ROCK MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 108
ROCK MILL. BROCKHOLES. HUDDERSFIELD 43
ROGER SHACKLETON 35
ROLLING MILL. OLDHAM 111
ROSE HILL TANNERY. BOLTON 114
ROSEGROVE MILLS. BURNLEY 142
ROSS MILL. BACUP 48
ROSS MILL. BRADFORD 25
ROUNDWOOD COLLIERY. WAKEFIELD 133
ROUSE. HALIFAX 46
ROY MILL. OLDHAM 109
ROYD MILL. HOLLINWOOD 152
ROYTON RING MILL. OLDHAM 105
RUDKIN’S MILL, WORTLEY 4
RUGBY MILL. CHADDERTON 111
RUGBY MILL. OLDHAM 111
RUNTLINGS MILL. OSSETT 17
Rushtons of Colne 41
RUTLAND MILL. SHAW 102
RYDINGS MILL. WARDLE 86
RYHOPE PUMPING STATION. SUNDERLAND 157
RYLANDS AND SONS LTD. WIGAN 123
SADDLEWORTH WOOLLEN CO. DELPH 103
SANDFORD. LICHFIELD 149
SANDIFORD AND SONS LTD. WARDLE 76
SANDYGATE MILL. BURNLEY 18
SANITARY WORKS. BURNLEY 142
SAXON. DROYLSDEN 111
SCHOLES. MORLEY 15
SCOTT AND RHODES 12
SCRIM MANUFACTURING COMPANY. BLACKBURN 67
SEFTON MILL HEYWOOD 94
SEVERN TUNNEL 139
SEVERN TUNNEL. GWR 139
SHARP THORNBER LTD. BURNLEY 59
SHARPLES MILL. BOLTON 132
SHARRATT. ELLAND 39
SHAW SPINNING CO. SHAW 102
SHAW. BRADFORD 21
SHAWCLOUGH MILL (1902) LTD. ROCHDALE 77
SHEPHERD AND BLACKBURN. SOWERBY BRIDGE 35
SHILOH SPINNERS. ROYTON 106
Silentnight 59
SILK MILL. COLNE 50
SLATERS. BARNOLDSWICK 41
SLIPPER FACTORY. WATERFOOT 49
SMITH (ALLERTON) LTD. BRADFORD 22
SMITH AND HUTTON 24
SMITH AND NEPHEW TEXTILES LIMITED 52
SMITH AND SONS. LONGRIDGE 71
SMITH STREET. BRADFORD 27
SMITH. BRADFORD 21, 23, 26
SMITH. PRESTON 149
SMITH. RASTRICK 40
SMITHIES. ELLAND 36
SOUDAN MILL. MIDDLETON 89
SOUTH SHED. BRIERFIELD 52
SOUTH STAFFORD WATER BOARD 149
SOUTHAMPTON ELECTRICITY WORKS 125
SOUTHPORT ELECTRICITY WORKS. 160
SPARTH MILL COMPANY. CORPORATION ROAD 75
SPARTH MILL. ROCHDALE 75
SPEAK. WEST VALE. HALIFAX 37
SPENCER. BURNLEY 58, 59
Spencer. Imperial Mill. 59
SPINKWELL MILL. DESBURY 15
Spring Bank Mills, Nelson. 122
SPRING BANK MILLS. NELSON 54
SPRING GROVE MILLS. MILLBROOK, STALEYBRIDGE 110
SPRING MILL. EARBY 40
SPRINGFIELD MILL. BLACKO 141
SPRINGFIELD MILL. GUIDE. BLACKBURN 71
SPRINGFIELD SHED. BURNLEY 59
SPRINGFIELD. GILDERSOME 19
SPRINGHEAD PUMPING STATION. WILLERBY, HULL 137
SPRINGHEAD. GUISELEY 12
STALYBRIDGE MILL. STALYBRIDGE 124
STANDARD MILL. ROCHDALE 88
STANLEY AND FERNDALE MILLS. BURNLEY 143
STANLEY STREET MILL. BURNLEY 59
STATE MILL. ROCHDALE 75
STEWART AND LLOYD. NEWPORT 145
STOCKHILL MILLS. TODMORDEN 48
STONEBRIDGE MILL. LONGRIDGE 150
STONEFERRY PUMPING STATION 137
STOTT. ROYTON 106
STOTT’S SONS. ROCHDALE 92
STRONG CLOSE. KEIGHLEY 32
STUART BROTHERS. SHIPLEY 25
STUBLEY. BATLEY 18
STUTTARD LTD (1893). BURNLEY 59
Stuttard’s 58
SUDBROOKE PUMPING STATION 139
SUMMERVALE MILL. OLDHAM 105, 146
SUN MILL. OLDHAM 107
SUNDERLAND AND SOUTH SHIELDS WATER COMPANY 157
SUNDERLAND, SONS AND COMPANY. NELSON 55
SUNNYBANK MILL. KIRKHAM 68
SUTCLIFFE AND CLARKSON. BURNLEY 60
SWAN LANE (1&2). BOLTON 115
SWAN LANE NO. 3 MILL. BOLTON 115
SWAN MEADOW AND WESTERN MILLS. WIGAN 121
SWANSEY SHED. WHITTLE LE WOOD 62
SYDNEY MILL. BRADFORD 28
SYKE ING MILL. DEWSBURY 16
SYKES. BARKISLAND 40
SYKES. HUDDERFIELD 43
SYKESIDE MILL. HASLINGDEN 142
T Timperley and Sons, sanitary pipe makers, Sharneyford between Bacup and Todmorden 40
TALBOT MILL. CHORLEY 119
TALBOT SPINNING AND WEAVING COMPANY. CHORLEY 119
TANKARD’S MILL. BIRSTALL 19
TATTERSFIELD. DEWSBURY 16
TAY MILL. HIGGINSHAW, OLDHAM 103
TAYLOR AND CLARKSON. BURNLEY 56
TAYLOR BROTHERS. SILSDEN 31
TAYLOR. BLACKBURN 67
TEXAS MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 108
THOMAS LEACH. ROCHDALE 89
THOMAS MELLODEW. OLDHAM 153
Thomas Robinson of Rochdale 57
THORNBER. BURNLEY 58, 60
THORNHAM SPINNING CO. OLDHAM 146
THORP JOHNSON. KEIGHLEY 29
THORPE PUMPING STATION 159
TIMES MILL COMPANY. MIDDLETON 86
TITANIC LINTHWAITE 44
TITANIC MILL. HUDDERSFIELD 160
TITANIC MILL. LINTHWAITE 160
TITANIC. HUDDERSFIELD 44
TOP MILL, ALLERTON 24
TOWLER. FARSLEY 8
TRAFALGAR SHED. BURNLEY 58
TRENCHERFIELD MILL. WIGAN 122
TRENT MILL. SHAW 102
TRICKETT. WATERFOOT 49
TROY MILL, HORSFORTH 11
TRUSTEES OF J H CRAVEN 29
TUDOR MILL. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 108
TUNWELL MILL. BRADFORD 24
Turnbull 20
TWIN MILL. HEYWOOD 92
Uniflow engine 45
UNION BRIDGE. ROKER LANE. PUDSEY 10
Union Mills, Audenshaw 31
UNION MILLS. BRADFORD 24
UNION SPINNING CO LTD. BOLTON 119
UNITED MILL. OLDHAM 153
UNITED SPINNING CO LTD. WERNETH 153
UNITED THREAD MILLS. BOLTON 114
UNITY RING MILL. HEYWOOD 93
UNKNOWN MILL. ROCHDALE 91
UTTLEY LTD 55
VALE MILL. TODMORDEN 48
VALE MILL. NELSON 53
VALE ROCK MILL. HODDLESDON 65
VALLEY ROAD. PUDSEY 8, 9
VANTONA TEXTILES. BOLTON 151
Varley’s patent cut-off 26
VICTOR MILL. STALYBRIDGE 123
VICTORIA MILL. BAXENDEN 140
VICTORIA MILL. EARBY 40
VICTORIA MILL. MANCHESTER 161
VICTORIA MILL. ROCHDALE 90
VICTORIA MILL. MILES PLATTING 121
VICTORIA SPINNING CO LTD. ROCHDALE 90
VICTORIA. WEST VALE. HALIFAX 36
VINE MILL. OLDHAM 112
VINE MILL. ROYTON 112
VIVARY MILL. COLNE 51
WALK MILL. COLNE 51
WALKER. ALVERTHORPE 17
WALKER. DEWSBURY 17
WALKER. MIRFIELD 17
WALKER. OSSETT 16
WALLER BROTHERS. WEST VALE. HALIFAX 36
Walmsley Mill, Whalley 41
WALMSLEY’S. BURNLEY 58
WALSHAW MILL COMPANY (1905). HARLE SYKE 62
WALTON LTD. NELSON 56
WALTON. CALVERLEY 8
WARBURTON. HASLINGDEN 142
WARDLE COTTON COMPANY. ROCHDALE 86
WARDSEND STEEL WORKS. SHEFFIELD 129
WARWICK MILL. MIDDLETON 106
WASHPIT MILL. HOMFIRTH 46
WASP MILL. ROCHDALE 76
WATERSIDE MILL. TODMORDEN 47
WATSON. MORLEY 14
WELLHOUSE MILL. BARNOLDSWICK 41
WELLINGTON MILL. DUKINFIELD 124
WEST RIDING COLLIERY. ALTOFTS 156
WEST RIDING COLLIERY. WAKEFIELD 156
WEST. TODMORDEN 48
WESTFIELD MILL 7, 12
WHITAKER, TONG ROAD, LEEDS 6
WHITE’S TANNERY. BINGLEY 28
WHITEHEAD. BRADFORD 22, 23, 26
WHITELANDS. ASHTON UNDER LYNE 108
WHITELY. BRADFORD 23
WHITFIELD MILL. FACIT 88
WHITHAM’S WEAVING DEPT 57
WHITHAM’S. BURNLEY 57
WHITTLE AND TURNER LTD. KIRKHAM 68
WHITTLES. LONGRIDGE 150
WHITWORTHS. LUDDENDEN FOOT 37
WIDDOWS. CHORLEY 131
WIKE (1907). BURY 92
WILKINSON. BLACKLEY. ELLAND 37
WILLIAM GREENWOOD. EARLSHEATON 161
WILLIAM HEATON. BOLTON 115
WILLIAM HOLLAND. MANCHESTER 161
WILLIAM MORRISS. SOWERBY BRIDGE 34
WILLIAM WALKER. BOLTON 114
WILSON 3
WILSON BROTHERS. DEWSBURY 16
WILSON. GILDERSOME 14
WILSON. KEIGHLEY 30
WILTON MILL. RADCLIFFE 110
WINTERBURN. SALFORD 129
WIRE WORKS. MIDDLESBOROUGH 131
WISEMAN STREET MILL. BURNLEY 60
WOOD AND GRIMSHAW. DRIGHLINGTON 14
WOODHEAD. HUDDERSFIELD 160
WORMALD AND WALKER. DEWSBURY 18
WORSLEY. BAXENDEN 140
WORSTHORNE MANUFACTURING COMPANY 60
Wortley Forge 44
WRAGG, FIRECLAY MINERS. LOXLEY. SHEFFIELD 130
WRAGG. LOXLEY 130
WROTHAM. HERTS 134
WYE MILL NO 1. SHAW 102
WYE MILL NO 2. SHAW 101
? MILL. MIDDLETON 151
??. TODMORDEN 49
Stanley Challenger Graham
Stanley's View
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"Beware of certitude" (Jimmy Reid)
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