FORGOTTEN CORNERS

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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 08 Nov 2018, 03:23

Preston and anywhere close to Accrington and the East Lancashire Brick and Tile Works used brick extensively (Nori). Whinnygill Quarries was where all the shale and clay came from and there was an aerial ropeway down to the Accrington works.
Quarrying used to be a major industry in Barlick, both limestone for burning and masonry on the north and east and good gritstone for masonry on the south and west. We had the advantage of the Craven Fault running almost right through the centre of town giving us both strata. However we never had good bedded stone suitable for slates and flags. See Jack Platt's transcripts in the LTP and the series 'Rock Solid' in Stanley's view.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Tizer » 08 Nov 2018, 10:04

Whinny Gill Brick Pits is a site listed by the British Geological Survey as a location for fossil ammonites called Lyrogoniatites georgensis. Not that you needed to know that of course. :smile:

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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 09 Nov 2018, 04:20

It doesn't surprise me Tiz. I remember seeing activity up there a while ago, there must still be a market for the shale, perhaps in other brick works.

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This wall in what is now the Co-op car park but used to be the railway line and some masonry on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal are the only uses I know of limestone for building purposes in the town. The canal company opened and ran the biggest Limestone quarry, Rainhall Rock so that explains their use of it. There must have been some reason why it was preferred when the Barnoldswick branch line was built by private capital but I don't know it. I suspect it might have been something to do with the major promoter, William (Billycock) Bracewell, who always followed his own course and may have had a commercial reason for avoiding use of the excellent stone from the Tubber Hill gritstone quarries, the preferred stone in the rest of the town.
Which reminds me of another forgotten corner.....

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An old estate map of the Upper Tubber Hill quarry. Why on earth was it called 'Loose Games'? Was it the venue for earlier rough games that we find in other locations which generally generated high passions and damage? Was it thought better to have them in what was then open country near the town?
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 10 Nov 2018, 04:53

Image

The 1853 OS of the same area at Upper Hill. Like all these old maps it repays close examination. One thing I note is the number of wells (springs) marked on the map. Water was so important in the days before mains supplies. Note that the quarry had been enlarged compared with the estate map above, this was because of increasing demand in the town as it also grew.

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Compare with this in 1892. Expansion in the town is in full swing and the quarry is in full production. The lessees from the Roundell Estate, the Sagars, have not yet built their new house on the side of Higher Lane near Upper Hall. If you are ever passing, have a good look at it, they used the very best stone out of their quarries and it is perhaps the best built house in Barlick.
note also that Upper Hall is still intact. In 2002 , Shirley Oldfield (nee Alderson) told me that she used to live at upper Hall with her father, Thomas Alderson, until 1947 when he died. They kept pigs and she said that Upper Hall was originally a squatter's house. It was owned by the Sagars and I have no record of anyone else living there and it fell into the ruin it is today.

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Upper Hall in ruins.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 11 Nov 2018, 04:47

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Squatter's houses like this hovel in Walmsgate, now refurbished as it was cheaper to do that than build a massive retaining wall, are more common than we realise, particularly on the edge of the waste like Upper Hall. Peel's House on Gisburn Old Track is another good example. The hovel in Walmsgate was an infill on a forgotten corner of land that had been overlooked.
If you keep your eyes open you will find numerous 'infills' in the town, there's a good one opposite the entrance to the Pioneer Car park on Wellhouse Road. Not necessarily squatting but definitely someone taking advantage of an opportunity. Some of them are a very queer shape to take advantage of what was available. Have look at the funny little house on the west side of the entrance to Rainhall Road car park which was of course the old railway line. There was a small piece of land on the boundary of the railways right of way and someone built a small house to take advantage.

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The 1892 25" OS map. Look for the junction of Essex Street and Rainhall Road and you'll see two houses on the side of the railway that are infills.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 12 Nov 2018, 04:54

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The 1853 map of 'Ousel Dale Mill (Saw)' (Ouzel (also ousel or wosel) is the old name for the Blackbird (Turdus Menula) a species of Thrush)

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The mill in 1937 when it was operating as a foundry. Water power was dispensed with in 1907, they installed a gas engine.

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The 1892 OS map of the mill. It was in the last days of water power then and had already become a foundry. The head race for the wheel ran in a culvert from the NE corner of the dam to a balance pond to the east of the mill and you can see the course of the tail race into Clough Mill lodge below.
I have never found a date for the building of the mill but suspect it was one of the early twist mills in the late 18th century. Some time afterwards it was converted to a saw mill, most likely around 1830 when the first steam mills were operating and demand for sawn timber was increasing. When Bracewell bought the mill in the 1840s he was hoping to utilise the water for his new Butts Mill (1843) but was frustrated in this when he found that Clough Mill owned the water rights on Gillians and wouldn't sanction any abstraction of water above their lodge as that would have lessened their water power resource.
When the Calf Hall Shed Company bought Butts Mill they also became owners of Ouzledale mill and let it for many years to a succession of tenants culminating in Henry Brown and son who set on a man called Ashby as manager. That was the start of the Ashby firm's rise in ironfounding in Barlick which culminated in the modern foundry at Long Ing.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 13 Nov 2018, 04:42

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I did this pic yesterday of the tiny infill house on Wellhouse Road opposite the Pioneer car park. There must be a story behind it but we shall almost certainly never find out what it was.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 14 Nov 2018, 05:05

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The end house in Wellhouse street at the Wellhouse Road end in 1980. For many years this was Sunday Paper central in Barlick. It opened early on Sunday morning and employed a gaggle of young people on deliveries. It was run by the lady who was office manager at West Marton Dairies, she was called Bunty by everyone but I'm not sure of her surname. I have an idea it was Heaton. When newspaper sales started to decline in the late 1970s and the supermarket started selling Sunday papers it closed. The corner was rebuilt and it is now a private house.
Looking at the girders and cast iron pillar I suspect it was originally a corner shop.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by PanBiker » 14 Nov 2018, 08:46

Stanley wrote:
14 Nov 2018, 05:05
Looking at the girders and cast iron pillar I suspect it was originally a corner shop.
Fairly safe bet there Stanley, the rest of the row were shops when I was a lad. Tommy Kendals cloggers, Charlie Morris's camera shop, Derek Spencer's plumbing shop, three I can remember on that side. Original hardened frontages have been reclaimed as gardens now that they have been converted to dwellings.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 15 Nov 2018, 03:30

Nice confirmation of something I have always suspected. Thanks Ian. More conversions...

Image

Rainhall Road at the east end in around 1900.

Image

The same row from the opposite direction in 2003.

As far as I can make out almost all of the smaller shops in Rainhall Road at the Newtown end started life as cottage properties but soon were converted to shops. The same happened to the later houses seen here.
Notice how, when the conversions to shops was done and the upper floor became the living space, the bays were rebuilt a floor higher up in most cases. In the original row they were plain sash windows.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 16 Nov 2018, 04:56

It struck me this morning that I never mentioned the chapel which has gone now. I can't quite remember whether it was Presbyterian or Wesleyan. I think the latter because this school opposite used to be called the Wesleyan School.

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This is of course now a community centre and office space. I was so pleased when it took this role instead of being demolished and converted to yet another modern building.

A contrast is the old 'Brick School' on Fountain street.

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This started as a school, briefly became a builder's premises but then for many years was the Fountain Street Club which was the social club for Ouzledale Foundry as well. When that closed it was converted back to a school but this time a private nursery school which it still is today.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Tripps » 16 Nov 2018, 10:56

The picture of Rainhall Road reminded me of one I took on my first visit. I've just been trying o get some order into my photos by means of Flickr. I surf through Gus Brennan's photos occasionally - he does seem to have a good time doesn't he? :smile: Looks like I've missed the best times there, as they're reducing the 'free' category down to 1000 photos soon, but that'll probably do me. I thought at the time that to paint such a building blue and white was a sin. I still do.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 17 Nov 2018, 03:32

I agree with you David.

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I have to confess that in 1969 I was a fan of Snowcem stone paint on the grounds that it waterproofed the building but used cream colour. I later realised it was a mistake and clean stone with good pointing was better,

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The present owners have rectified it and it looks much better.
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Tripps » 17 Nov 2018, 10:25

Well that's good to see. I had wondered how much of a job it would be to restore back to stone, or even if it was possible. :smile:
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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Tizer » 17 Nov 2018, 16:55

There's quite a variation in the stone from bottom to top - dressed stone below gradually changing to rubble stone at the top.

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Re: FORGOTTEN CORNERS

Post by Stanley » 18 Nov 2018, 03:28

Tiz, the dressed stone at the bottom is new construction, it replaces the wooden structure that was there in my time when it housed the oil boiler for the CH and was used as a utility space. You can see it on the picture of the house and barn above.

Image

David, even a badly eroded wall can be reclaimed. Here's the west gable under treatment. When I bought the farm I was broke and so I rendered it with limestone dust and cement to rescue it. We planted the espalier Conference Pear in 1960.....
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